World Environment Day Essay for Students and Children

500+ words essay on world environment day.

World environment day Essay – Our environment is one of the most important aspects to survive on this planet. Moreover, it is the only thing that can make life sustainable. Without it, we cannot survive even a single day. For instance, our skin will burn, the lungs will get ruptured, our blood pressure would rise.

World Environment Day Essay

Furthermore, we will not have food and water to survive. And this will also be possible because of the imbalance of heat and atmospheric pressur e. Thus it is important that we should take care of the environment. Also, abandon all the exploitation that we are causing it.

World Environment Day

World Environment on 5th June every year. People from more than 100 countries celebrate this day. Furthermore, the world environment day is run by the United Nations Environment Programme(UNEP). Since the year 1973. Above all the main purpose of celebrating this day was to spread awareness. The awareness was about the conservation of our environment.

Moreover to also take various preventive measures to avert the effects of Global warming. Since we all know that Global warming is the root cause of the ruin of our environment. Therefore it is our duty to protect our environment. And stop all the exploitation that is destroying it. Because in the end, it is our basic need for our survival and our generations ahead.

What do we do on World Environment Day?

On the world environment day, we all take a day off from our work. And join various campaigns to spread awareness about environment protection. Moreover, we all plant small saplings in a barren land so that it may grow and flourish in the land area after some years. Also, we take part in various processions to make people aware of this day. So that they may also take part in protecting our environment.

Furthermore, in schools, the teachers teach the students the methods to plant a tree. The school provides buses to take the students to the jungles. There they come to know about the different types of plants. And the types of vegetation in which they survive. Also, the students have to bring a sapling from their homes and plant them inside the ground. This helps them in getting practical knowledge. Further, it also creates an emotional attachment to the environment.

Get the huge list of more than 500 Essay Topics and Ideas

World Environment Day 2019

The theme for world environment day 2019 is ‘ Air Pollution’ . Furthermore this year China was the host country for this day. Air pollution is one of the major causes of Global Warming. Because of which many hazardous Consequences are arising. The problem is reaching a point where people are not able to breathe properly.

Moreover, disease like lung cancer is affecting even the minors. As a result, is a major threat to the people living in urban areas. To reduce the risk of air pollution China is establishing various air purifiers in their ecosystem. With the help of these people are at least getting pollution-free air to breathe.

In addition, it is also taking mandatory measures like population reduction, banning the use of plastic, and planting trees in every community. This can help to avert the ruining of the environment caused in the past years.

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Significance of World Environment Day

World Environment day is celebrated on the 5th of June every year. More than 100 countries Worldwide join in the celebration of the World Environment day. It was started by the United Nations Environmental Program in the year 1973 and has been continuing till now. The main purpose of celebrating this day is to spread awareness about the Environment.

What is Environment?

Scientifically speaking, everything around us constitutes our Environment. Both living and non-Types of the Equation of the Motion living things make up our Environment. The living or biotic components include plants, animals and microbes, while the non-living or abiotic components include air, water, soil and so on.

Why is the Environment in Danger?

The Environment is in danger because of the high levels of pollution. All the major components of the Environment such as the hydrosphere, the atmosphere, the biosphere, all are trapped with pollutants. The rising level of pollutants is destroying the normal Environmental conditions.

This type of pollutants can be natural (for example volcanic eruptions, forest fires etc) or manmade (pollutants released from industries, emissions from cars). It is mainly man made pollution that has caused rapid destruction of the Environment. The major forms of pollution are air pollution, water pollution and soil pollution.

Why is it Necessary to Save the Environment?

The Environment is one of the most important tools for our survival on planet Earth. The Environment nurtures us and helps us survive. We cannot imagine life without air, water and soil. The biotic components like plants and animals are also important survival tools. Plants help purify the air around us. We get food from plants and animals.

All the components of the Environment are dependent on each other in a web of relations known as the ecological web. It is necessary to maintain this web in balance because if one component collapses then the entire web will crumble destroying all life forms. This is why we must choose to work towards preserving the Environment and undoing the damage we did.

What do we do on World Environment Day?

The main purpose of the World Environment day is to spread awareness about the current conditions of the Environment. On this day people come together to join in efforts to improve our life. Every year there is one theme or Environmental problem which is focused upon and a pledge to combat that problem is taken that year. For example for the year 2019, the theme was air pollution.

Organizations all around the World come together on this day, to take small steps to improve our future. Schools and offices encourage workers and students to plant trees or clean up some local land. These small efforts can leave a big impact on the Environment.

To improve the Environmental conditions the government and the international organizations must come together to fight the problems and save our Environment. Introducing stricter laws, condemning the use of plastics and planting more trees can help to curb pollution and help save the Environment. This can help spread awareness and help people lower the gravity of the pollution levels around them.

World Environment Day reminds us to consolidate our planet and ensure that the Environment is conserved at all costs. It illuminates the causes that cause the most damage in our Environment. For example, industries and industries play a major role in polluting. They reduce the amount of air we breathe and the water we consume.

Therefore, this Day serves as an eye-opener for many citizens who are unaware of all this. In other words , it spreads awareness to ordinary people about the current situation. In addition, it also encourages the community from different communities and communities to play an active role in celebrating this Day.

In addition, it also encourages them to be active in developing Environmental protection measures. Not only that, but it also encourages everyone to keep their Environment safe and clean so that everyone has a clean, green and prosperous future.

Eight Simple Things that can help to Protect the Earth

Reduce, reuse, and recycle - Reduce is the waste that you throw away. Follow the three "Rs" to conserve natural resources and a landfill.

Volunteers - Volunteer to clean up your community. You can take part in protecting your water Environment, too.

Education - As you further your education, you can help others understand the value and importance of our natural resources.

Save water - The water you use is low, decreases the flow and polluted water eventually seeps into the sea.

Shop wisely - Buy a small plastic bag and carry a reusable shopping bag.

Use durable lights - Energy-efficient lamps reduce greenhouse gas emissions. And turn off the light when you leave the room!

Plant a tree - Trees provide food and oxygen. They help save energy, clean the air, and help fight climate change.

Do not send chemicals into our water - Choose non-toxic chemicals at home and in the office.


FAQs on World Environment Day Essay

1. What is the history of World Environment Day?

World Environment Day is one of the major annual events organized by the United Nations (UN) to raise awareness of the importance of nature. The United Nations General Assembly established World Environment Day in 1972, which was the first Day of the Stockholm Convention on Human Nature. In 1974, the theme for World Environment Day was 'Only One World'. From there, different countries will be celebrating. World Environment Day began in 1974 in the United States. It is one of the largest and most important events organized by the UN with new and relevant themes every year.

2. What is the 2021 World Environment Day theme?

This year's theme for World Environment Day is' Reflect. Recreate. Give it back, as this year marks the beginning of the Tenth Anniversary of the United Nations Convention for the Restoration of Nature. Pakistan is a global event Day to highlight the importance of ecosystem recovery this year. On World Environment Day, the United Nations is urging people to bring about changes in their way of life to preserve and protect the Environment. This is a generation that can make peace with nature.

3. What is the significance of World Environment Day?

The idea of ​​celebrating World Environment Day is to focus on the importance of nature and to remind people that nature should not be taken lightly. This Day is celebrated around the World in honoring and appreciating all that nature has given to humanity and pledging to protect it. Every year, this Day is celebrated to recognize what nature has done for us, while at the same time reminding us how pollution, Environmental degradation, and climate change are increasing as a result of our activities.

4. What do you mean by World Environment Day?

World Environment Day is a major awareness campaign launched by the United Nations in the early 70s which is celebrated around the World on June 5 every year to raise awareness of the Environment around us. This year, the World Health Organization (WHO) has joined forces with the United Nations. It will be active in the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration with other partners such as the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

5. Why refer to Vedantu for learning about World Environment Day?

We at Vedantu do our best to ensure that hard-working students get the best results. A Vedantu professional teacher organizes all of these learning materials keeping in mind the modern syllabus and making the lessons more interactive so that they do not get extra monotonic from the student. Our Vedantu website contains all the possible information needed for the related topic to remove all doubts from the readers' heads. This is a real forum for all students.

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Our Environment Essay

World Environment Day is celebrated on June 5 every year. All living and nonliving things represent the environment on Earth. Our environment is home to various living things, including plants, animals, water, and air. Climate interaction, geomorphic changes, and hydrologic changes all affect our environment. Climate has a direct impact on both human and animal existence. Here are a few sample essays on "our environment".

Our Environment Essay

100 Words Essay On Our Environment

Earth, our planet, supports our natural environment and nourishes life as we know it. The existence of life on Earth depends significantly on the natural environment, which also supports the growth and development of humans, animals, and other living things. But our environment is being impacted by certain negative and selfish human behaviours and activities. Everyone must understand how to preserve the environment and maintain the ecological balance necessary for life to exist on this planet. To lead a peaceful and healthy life, a clean environment is essential. But due to some human negligence, our ecosystem is becoming more polluted.

200 Words Essay On Our Environment

The term "environment" refers to the setting in which we interact, exist, and breathe. It is one of the fundamental necessities for all living organisms. The term "environment" refers to both biotic and abiotic that are present around us. It supplies essentials, including air, water, food, and land, which are crucial for human health.

A clean and safe environment is crucial for a flourishing community and the country as a whole. It is one of the fundamental prerequisites for life on earth. The importance of a clean environment is needed because humans, animals, plants, and any other living thing cannot exist in a poisoned environment.

For survival, every living thing requires a safe and favourable habitat. A dirty environment promotes different diseases and an unbalanced ecosystem. Life is particularly challenging because of the depletion of natural resources.

As a result of increased air, noise, and environmental pollution, as well as deforestation, acid rain, water pollution, soil pollution, and other harmful natural disasters, the environment is becoming polluted and unlivable. A large amount of pollution and climate change is negatively impacting our environment. To ensure that our natural environment remains as safe as usual forever, we must collectively pledge to defend it.

500 Words Essay On Our Environment

The natural components that support life on earth include water, air, sunlight, land, fire, forests, animals, and plants. The only planet in the universe that has the conditions necessary for life to exist is Earth. We cannot predict the existence of life in our world without a healthy environment. Thus we should preserve it for future generations. Every person who lives anywhere on the planet is accountable for it. Everyone should step forward and join the effort to protect the environment.

Environmental Components

The following are components of the environment:

Biotic Components | All living things, such as plants, animals, and bacteria, are considered to be biotic components.

Abiotic Components | These are non-living elements like soil, minerals, temperature, light, and rainfall. It is made up of the lithosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere.

Advantages Of Environment

For thousands of years, the environment has supported the growth and well-being of people, animals, and plants.

It contributes to preserving the natural equilibrium.

It satisfies every requirement a person might have, including food, shelter, and air.

Environmental factors control daily natural cycles. These organic cycles maintain equilibrium between the environment and all living beings.

Additionally, it gives us access to water, animals, air, and other necessities for living and fertile land.

Reasons for Environmental Problems

One of the main reasons for environmental deterioration is the quick rise of the human population.

Over-consumption of natural resources such as minerals, fossil fuels, food, water, and land.

Another significant issue that is damaging the ecology as a whole is deforestation.

The entire ecosystem is negatively impacted by environmental pollution, such as that in the air, water, and soil.

The other causes are:

Most people damage the environment, making human activity the leading cause of environmental degradation.

Pollution, poor environmental regulations, chemicals, greenhouse gases, global warming, ozone depletion, and other human activities are responsible for ecological degradation.

The demand for environmental resources has increased because of the industrial revolution and the population boom, while their quantity has decreased because of overuse and abuse.

The extensive and intensive use of renewable and non-renewable resources has depleted several essential resources. The depletion of resources and the exponential growth in people harm our ecosystem.

Measures To Protect The Environment

With every individual on the planet taking just one small step, we can easily rescue the earth.

We should reduce the amount of waste by properly disposing of garbage only in their designated locations.

Ceasing the use of poly bags, reusing some old items in novel ways, repairing and using broken items instead of tossing them away, estimating the cost of repairs, using rechargeable batteries or renewable alkaline batteries, using fluorescent lighting, utilising rainwater collection to reduce water waste, minimising the use of electricity, etc.

My Contribution To Saving The Environment

Every Vanmahotsav, our college's club invites us to plant something in the college garden and to make a promise to protect trees by refusing to allow them to be cut down in the neighbourhood. The college has about 2500 students, and on that day, everyone plants a tree or shrub in the garden. I planted the rose and lily plant in my home after becoming aware of the importance of protecting the environment. I participated in environmental awareness campaigns at my college.

People must act responsibly and with consideration for the environment to preserve a healthy and balanced ecosystem. We rely on the food web or food chain produced by environmental elements. The survival of life on this planet depends on us taking care of our environment.

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  • Trending Events /

5 and 10 Lines on Earth Day in English for Students

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  • Updated on  
  • Apr 16, 2024

5 and 10 Lines on Earth Day

World Earth Day is a global observance celebrated every year on April 22 or the day of the spring equinox. It raises awareness about the immediate need to protect the earth and its natural resources for future generations. Moreover, this day offers the perfect opportunity to teach young students about the earth, its importance, and how to preserve it. As the day is approaching, schools are also organizing related activities such as essay on Earth Day and Earth Day quiz . To help students prepare for these and other related activities, here are samples of how to write 5 and 10 lines on Earth Day in English. 

world environment day essay for class 10

5 Lines on Earth Day in English for Class 3, 4, 5, and 6

1. World Earth Day is observed every year on April 22. 

2. It raises awareness about climate change , pollution , environmental degradation, and deforestation .

3. Earth Day motivates people globally to save our planet Earth and keep it clean.

4. Schools and colleges celebrate Earth Day by organizing activities such as essay writing and poster making. 

5. World Earth Day reminds everyone about their duty towards our planet Earth and making it a better place for everyone. 

Also Read: World Earth Day

10 Lines on Earth Day in English for Classes 3, 4, 5 and 6

1. World Earth Day is celebrated every year on April 22.

2. It is a special day dedicated to our planet Earth. 

3. Earth is our home and provides us with the necessary conditions to live, such as water, air, and food. 

4. This day raises awareness about global warming, deforestation, climate change, and other issues. 

5. It also highlights the importance of environmental protection and sustainable practices. 

6. World Earth Day reminds us of our individual and shared responsibility towards our planet Earth. 

7. The 2024 theme for Earth Day is Planet vs. Plastics. 

8. World Earth Day encourages everyone to plant more trees and keep our planet clean. 

9. On this day, schools and colleges in India organize related activities such as essay writing, poster-making, quizzes, and speeches.

10. Let’s celebrate Earth Day every day by keeping our surroundings clean, saving trees, and saving water. 

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Essay On ‘The Forest’ For Children – 10 Lines, Short & Long Essay

Shaili Contractor

Key Points To Note: Essay On The Forest For Lower Primary Classes

10 lines on the forest for kids, a paragraph on the forest, short essay on importance of the forest for children, long essay on the forest in english for kids, what will your child learn from this essay.

Young kids always benefit from writing essays on simple topics, such as essays on the forest. The whole essay writing process primarily improves a child’s thought process as they start writing about the things they experience and process. According to experts, essay writing enhances problem-solving, critical thinking, and thought formation skills. Forests are the earth’s lungs, so an essay on forests is one of the best topics for young children. This write-up will provide you with more details on how to write an essay about the forest.

As kids, before writing an essay on the forest, they need to understand that forests are crucial for the survival of humanity. The following are essential points to remember when writing an essay on forests for lower primary classes:

  • An essay has three segments – the introduction, body, and conclusion.
  • In your introduction paragraph, define what a forest is. Mention that forests are home to an innumerable species on the planet earth.
  • The body can have one or two paragraphs, depending on the child’s grade. In this segment, one can cover information about the importance of forests on our planet.
  • The conclusion can speak about the effects of deforestation and how we can combat climate change by preserving forests.

Following are ten lines on the topic, which can help kids form short sentences about the topic:

  • A forest is a large green wild area that grows naturally.
  • A forest is usually a big space covered with trees, thick vegetation, and animals living within.
  • They are an essential part of our ecosystem that must be preserved and protected.
  • Forests cover a large chunk of the area on earth.
  • They are an essential natural asset and hold enormous value.
  • The trees absorb the carbon dioxide and generate oxygen for us to breathe.
  • Since forests produce oxygen, they are also known as green lungs of the earth.
  • Forests are precious resources that need preservation.
  • They are home to innumerable species in the plant and animal kingdom.
  • Humans should learn to use the resources of the forest and preserve them to help save nature.

When younger kids start writing essays, they start with short paragraphs. Their teachers can also ask them to write five sentences about the forest. Following is a short paragraph on the forest for classes 1 and 2.

A huge amount or number of trees on a portion of land make up a forest. Forests are an excellent source of oxygen as plants and trees breathe out a significant amount of oxygen daily and breathe in carbon dioxide. This process helps keep the environment clean and the air pure. The plants and trees of a forest help preserve biodiversity and ecological balance. Forests are critical in sustaining cycles of condensation and evaporation that cause rains. They are an important resource that provide medicines, as trees’ roots and wood are used to make various medicines. Deforestation has played a huge role in decreasing the cover of forests on earth, resulting in global warming.

When kids start writing an essay, they can begin with a short essay on any given topic. Following is a short essay for kids on the subject of forests:

Forests, also known as the “green lungs of the earth”, and play a crucial role in sustaining and maintaining the planet’s natural equilibrium and balancing the food cycle.

Forests cover approximately 30% of the surface of the earth. Forests provide a home to fauna, flora, wildlife, and various animal and plant species. Forests have always given humans a great source of livelihood. However, we have failed to preserve and protect the forests. Our actions like deforestation have resulted in environmental imbalance. Also, the sun’s harmful UV rays can easily pass through the ozone layer because of the reduced forest cover, and these UV rays are harming the planet. Forests are crucial to maintaining an ecological balance on earth. It is high time we correct our actions and make an oath to plant more trees and protect what’s left of the forests.

When writing an essay for class 3, kids must provide more details on the topic. Following is a long essay on forests:

Forests are crucial for the existence of the earth. Without any forest cover on this planet, the devastating effects of climate change may be witnessed with a horrible impact on human life. Forests are vital to humans as they provide multiple resources that human beings use for survival.

Forests are home to various wild animals such as tigers, elephants, cheetah, lions, rhinoceros, wolves, etc. These animals are essential for a healthy food cycle, and they would become extinct if there were absolutely no forests. Every animal or bird has to play its part in maintaining the food cycle of the planet, and any disturbance in this food cycle will eventually lead to the extinction of human beings and animals.

Forests provide resources such as nutrients, wood, food, timber, fuels, and so much more to human beings to help them survive. Irresponsible actions of humans like cutting down forest land for agricultural purposes, conducting deforestation drives to expand villages and cities, killing animals for horns, furs, organs, etc., have led to depleted forest cover.

Issues like global warming, desertification, floods, forest fires, biodiversity losses, extinction, and much more are the results of such actions. We should try to do what we can to make our forests bloom and spread wider, and keep the environment around them healthy. 

Essay On Forest For Children - 10 Lines, Short and Long Essay

Different Types Of Forests

Various kinds of forests exist on planet earth. Following are the different types of forests:

  • Tropical Forests:  Tropical rain forests are around the equator in Africa, Central America, and Southeast Asia. These forests have the largest species diversity per area in the world.
  • Temperate Forests:  Temperate forests grow in the next latitude ring, in north-eastern Asia, North America, and Europe. There are four well-defined seasons in this zone, comprising winter.
  • Boreal Forests:  Also known as taiga, Boreal forests are located between 50 and 60 degrees of latitude in the sub-Arctic zone. This area contains Scandinavia, Siberia, Canada, and Alaska.

Why Are Forests Important?

Forests provide us with various things that we need in our daily lives. Following are the benefits of the forest:

  • Close to 1.6 billion humans depend on forests for their livelihood.
  • Forests are the most geographically-diverse ecosystems on land.
  • Forests help balance oxygen, humidity, and carbon dioxide in the air.
  • Forests offer priceless economic, ecological, social, and health benefits.

Effects Of Deforestation

Deforestation can result in catastrophic effects. Humans have to learn to live without misusing the resources of the forest. This planet does not belong to humans solely, and we need to learn to share all forest resources with all the living beings on the earth.

Following are the four major effects of deforestation:

  • Soil Erosion
  • Disruption of the water cycle
  • Greenhouse gas emissions
  • Biodiversity losses
  • Animal extinction
  • Climate Change

Improving Forest Cover

Improving the forest cover will help prevent soil erosion during natural calamities like floods. Soil erosion is the elimination of topsoil which reduces the quality of the soil. Let us pledge to plant trees and prevent soil erosion.

In writing an essay on forests and the forest composition, your child won’t only learn about the definition of forests but will also know how important forests are for the existence of humanity and the survival of this planet. Your child will learn to respect mother nature.

1. Which One Is The Largest Forest In The World?

The world’s largest rainforest is the Amazon. It is home to more than 30 million people and one in ten known species on Earth.

2. When is International Forest Day Celebrated?

We celebrate International Forest Day on 21st March every year.

The existence of forests is imperative for human presence in the world, and they are the key source of many life-depending things like wood, medicines, etc. We must conserve our forests for the bright future of our upcoming generations.

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Here's what we know about CrowdStrike, the company potentially to blame for a global tech outage

The Crowdstrike logo, red and white with an eagle swooping down

A technical issue related to a US-based cybersecurity firm named CrowdStrike caused computers running Microsoft software across Australia and abroad to glitch on Friday.

The global outage impacted a raft of Australian companies and government agencies, causing many computers to attempt to restart and display a blue-screen error message.

Here's what we know so far.

What is CrowdStrike?

CrowdStrike is a US-based cybersecurity firm that helps companies manage their security in "IT environments" — that is, everything they use an internet connection to access.

Its primary function is to protect companies and stop data breaches, ransomware and cyber attacks.

It includes among its main customers global investment banks, universities and even the Australian betting agency TAB Corp.

The cybersecurity environment has changed rapidly in recent years due to the increased presence of threat actors targeting big business, including Ticketmaster, Medibank and Optus.

As a result, more and more companies are turning towards firms like CrowdStrike to protect their customers' information.

What is CrowdStrike used for?

One of the company's main products is CrowdStrike Falcon, which is described on its website as "providing real-time indicators of attack, hyper-accurate detection and automated protection" from possible cybersecurity threats.

CrowdStrike Falcon is used by thousands of companies across the world to protect data, and a software update released on Friday caused a global outage of Microsoft products.

Earlier this week, CrowdStrike announced an update of its Falcon product, saying it would provide "unprecedented speed and precision" to detect security breaches.

In a statement posted to its website following the outage, a CrowdStrike spokesperson said it was likely an issue with the Falcon product that caused the incident.

Who owns CrowdStrike?

The company was founded by former McAfee employee George Kurtz in 2012.

Its ownership structure is a mix of individual investors, institutions and retail.

A smiling man in a blue and black checkered suit with a white pocket

The company's stock is broken down into two large investor categories. About 40 per cent is owned by institutional investors, and about 57 per cent is owned by public companies and individual investors.

The investor with the largest share is The Vanguard Group, a US investment fund, with about 6.79 per cent of the company.

The question of who owns CrowdStrike was part of a discredited conspiracy theory after the company investigated Russia's role in the 2016 US elections.

Former US president Donald Trump made reference to the conspiracy theory in a call with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy in 2019.

"I would like to find out what happened with this whole situation with Ukraine, they say CrowdStrike. I guess you have one of your wealthy people," he said.

"The server, they say Ukraine has it … you or your people, and I would like you to get to the bottom of it."

What's next for the company?

Developer websites have already begun posting workarounds for the issue, and CrowdStrike the company offered a solution on its members-only platform until the incident resolves.

CrowdStrike CEO George Kurtz released a statement on X on Friday evening, saying the outage was caused by a "defect" in a content update for Microsoft users.

He stressed it was not caused by a cyber attack.

Earlier, Reuters said those who phoned the company were met with a pre-recorded message.

"Thanks for contacting CrowdStrike support. CrowdStrike is aware of reports of crashes on Windows … related to the Falcon sensor."

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Fact-Checking Trump’s Speech and More: Day 4 of the Republican National Convention

A team of New York Times reporters followed the developments and fact-checked the speakers, providing context and explanation.

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world environment day essay for class 10

Former President Donald J. Trump accepted his party’s nomination during the final night of the Republican National Convention on Thursday, delivering a freewheeling, factually challenged and often ad-libbed speech.

Mr. Trump began by describing in detail the assassination attempt that left him with a bandaged ear. Then, he essentially staged a campaign rally, repeating familiar boasts and delving into a cascade of false and misleading claims about his own record and the state of the border, the economy and the world.

Here’s a fact-check of his remarks.

Linda Qiu

“We’ve got Right to Try. They were trying to get that for 52 years.”

— Former President Donald J. Trump

This needs context.

The “right to try” law of 2018 allows terminally ill patients to seek access to experimental medicine that is not yet fully approved by the Food and Drug Administration, but a similar program has been in place since the 1970s.

Jeanna Smialek

Jeanna Smialek

An inflation crisis “is just simply crushing our people, like never before — they’ve never seen anything like it.”

This is false..

Inflation peaked at 9.1 percent in the summer of 2022, but that is considerably lower than its peak of nearly 15 percent in the early 1980s.

Republicans will sometimes point out that the inflation methodology has changed since then — meaning that we are measuring price increases differently — but even accounting for those tweaks, economists have said that inflation was lower in 2022 than it was four decades earlier. Inflation is not, based on the data, crushing people like never before.


John Ismay

“Our planet is teetering on the edge of World War III, and this will be a war like no other.”

This lacks evidence..

While there is an active war between Russia and Ukraine, and between Hamas and Israel, and fighting in Sudan, Myanmar and other countries, there is no evidence that a third world war is imminent.

In terms of previous world wars, according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica, an estimated 8.5 million soldiers were killed in World War I and an estimated 35 million to 60 million people died during World War II.

The concept of World War III has traditionally referred to a potential war between the United States and Russia, which is not imminent. President Biden has often said he is actively trying to avoid such a conflict even as he arms Kyiv in its war with Moscow.

Brad Plumer

Brad Plumer

“We will drill, baby, drill, and by doing that we will lead to a large-scale decline in prices.”

More drilling doesn’t always cause gasoline prices to plunge. Case in point: The United States is actually producing significantly more crude oil today under the Biden administration than it did under the Trump administration, yet gasoline prices are still higher than they were four years ago.

That’s because gasoline costs are also influenced by broader market forces that can cause the global price of crude oil to rise or fall. For instance, a big reason prices increased in 2022 was Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, which disrupted the flow of crude across the globe. All else equal, an increase in U.S. oil drilling should put downward pressure on prices, but those other global factors also play a considerable role.

Angelo Fichera

Angelo Fichera

“If you look at the arrow at the bottom, that’s the lowest level — the one on the bottom, heavy red arrow — that’s the lowest level of illegal immigrants ever to come into our country in recorded history right there, right there. And that was my last week in office.”

Mr. Trump presented an immigration graphic that he credited with saving his life during an assassination attempt at a rally in Pennsylvania days earlier.

Moments before a gunman opened fire at the rally, Mr. Trump turned to gesture at the chart, a move that he said prevented him from being shot in the head . The shooting left his ear bloodied, killed one spectator and seriously injured two others.

In his acceptance speech on Thursday, he referred to a thick red arrow on the chart, titled “Illegal Immigration Into the U.S.,” that points to a significant drop in migrant crossings at the southern border during his presidency.

But despite text on the chart and Mr. Trump’s description at the convention, the arrow is actually pointing to a dip in early 2020 — when migration slowed globally during the coronavirus pandemic and the restrictions that followed — not during his last week in office. And that low did not last.

In March 2020, there were about 30,000 encounters at the southern border recorded by Border Patrol, according to Customs and Border Protection statistics . That dropped in April 2020 by almost half, to about 16,000.

In the months that followed, however, the number of migrants encountered at the border then climbed back up. During Mr. Trump’s last month in office, there were about 75,000 encounters by Border Patrol.

And contrary to Mr. Trump’s claim, even the low in 2020 was not the lowest “in recorded history.” Earlier in Mr. Trump’s presidency, the number of apprehensions at the border had dipped to about 11,000 in April 2017 , before the flow increased again.

Also, since 1925, total annual apprehensions nationwide by Border Patrol have often been lower than they were under Mr. Trump’s presidency, noted Michelle Mittelstadt, a spokeswoman for the nonpartisan Migration Policy Institute.

There is no arguing that the situation at the southern border grew worse during the Biden administration: In December, there were around 250,000 encounters .

In an effort to reverse course, President Biden recently announced severe restrictions on asylum, and illegal crossings have since significantly dropped . Border Patrol reported about 83,500 encounters in June.

“We gave you the largest tax cuts.”

The $1.5 trillion tax cut, enacted in December 2017, ranks below at least half a dozen other tax cuts by several metrics. The 1981 Reagan tax cut was the largest as a percentage of the economy and by its reduction to federal revenue. The 2012 Obama tax cut amounted to the largest reduction in inflation-adjusted dollars: $321 billion a year.

“We built most of the wall.”

During Mr. Trump’s 2016 campaign, he promised to build a wall spanning at least 1,000 miles along the southern border and have Mexico pay for it. That did not happen. Overall, the Trump administration constructed 458 miles of border barriers — most of which upgraded or replaced existing structures. Officials put up new primary barriers where none previously existed along only 47 miles.

“I will end every single international crisis that the current administration has created — including the horrible war with Russia and Ukraine, which would have never happened if I was president, and the war caused by the attack on Israel, which never would have happened if I were president.”

There is no evidence that President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia would not have invaded Ukraine if Donald J. Trump had been president of the United States in February 2022, when Russian forces began a full-scale war on Ukraine.

In fact, Mr. Trump supported one of Mr. Putin’s greatest desires — weakening the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Senior administration officials told The New York Times that several times over the course of 2018 Mr. Trump privately said he wanted to withdraw from NATO . And Mr. Trump was impeached for withholding Javelin missiles from Ukraine in 2019. Those missiles proved effective in blunting Russian armor advances into Ukraine in 2022.

“And then we had that horrible, horrible result that we’ll never let happen again. The election result. We’re never going to let that happen again. They used Covid to cheat.”

Mr. Trump has continued to falsely claim that the 2020 election was stolen from him. His assertions about widespread cheating are unsubstantiated. Since the election, the former president has used claims mischaracterizing the voting and counting process, cited baseless examples of fraud and peddled conspiracy theories.

“Just a few short years ago under my presidency, we had the most secure border and the best economy in the history of the world.”

This is exaggerated..

Apprehensions of unauthorized crossings along the southwest border in the 2017 fiscal year, which includes several months of the Obama administration, fell to the lowest point since the 1970s.

But they increased in subsequent years. In the 2019 fiscal year, apprehensions topped 800,000 and were the highest in a decade. And in the 2020 fiscal year, even as the coronavirus pandemic ground global movement to a halt, apprehensions were higher than in 2011, 2012 and 2015.

And when Mr. Trump left office, the coronavirus pandemic had decimated the economy with an unemployment rate of 6.4 percent in January 2021 and gross domestic product had not yet rebounded to pre-Covid levels. But even before all of that, annual average growth was lower under Mr. Trump than under Presidents Bill Clinton and Ronald Reagan.

“We had no inflation.”

The rate of inflation was indeed low under Mr. Trump, but it was not completely nonexistent.

Under Mr. Trump, the rate of inflation measured by the overall Consumer Price Index largely gravitated around 2 percent — with the rate slightly lower and higher some months — according to data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics . That dropped at the onset of the coronavirus pandemic, and inflation reached a low of 0.1 percent in May 2020 before trending upward.

“By the way, you know who’s taking the jobs? The jobs that are created? 107 percent of those jobs are taken by illegal aliens”

Official estimates of employment do not support Mr. Trump’s statement, which makes little sense. And estimates from various groups show that the population of unauthorized immigrants has grown in recent years, but not nearly enough to take all the jobs created during Mr. Biden’s presidency.

The economy has added more than 15 million jobs since January 2021. Two groups that advocate for lower levels of migration and stricter border security have estimated that there are 2.3 million to 2.5 million more unauthorized immigrants in 2023 than in 2020.

Overall, the Bureau of Labor Statistics estimated that 29.9 million foreign-born workers — both authorized and unauthorized — and 131.1 million native-born workers were employed in 2023. That is an increase of 5.1 million in employed foreign-born workers and 8.1 million native-born workers since 2020 .

“Our current administration, groceries are up 57 percent, gasoline is up 60 and 70 percent.”

Grocery prices are up substantially since Joseph R. Biden Jr. took office in early 2021, but not by 57 percent: The Consumer Price Index’s food-at-home index is up about 21 percent . Gas prices are up about 35 percent , depending upon the measure used.

Lisa Friedman

Lisa Friedman

“Under the Trump administration, just three and a half years ago, we were energy independent. But soon we will actually be better than that. We will be energy dominant and supply not only ourselves, but we supply the rest of the world, with numbers that nobody has ever seen.”

This is misleading..

Under the Trump administration, the United States for the first time began to export more oil than it imported. Energy experts say that is not because of Trump’s policies, but because of the fracking boom that began during the George W. Bush administration and soared under President Barack Obama. It’s still happening.

In fact, under President Biden, the United States has become the biggest oil producer in the world and is producing more natural gas than ever before. The phrases “energy independence” and “energy dominance” also fail to take into account wind, solar and other renewable energy, which is growing at a rapid pace.

Alan Rappeport

Alan Rappeport

“We will reduce our debt, $36 trillion, and we will reduce your taxes still further.”

Mr. Trump suggested that the national debt would be paid down by jump-starting economic growth. He made this promise during his first term, promising that $2 trillion of tax cuts would pay for themselves, and ended up approving more than $8 trillion of borrowing. The Republican platform this year makes no mention of debt or deficits but does call for cutting wasteful spending.

Also, the national debt currently stands at $34.9 trillion, not $36 trillion.

“They want to raise your taxes four times.”

Many elements of the 2017 tax cut Mr. Trump signed into law will expire in 2025, and Mr. Biden has proposed some tax increases on high-income earners and corporations. But this does not amount to a quadrupling of taxes.

The 2017 tax cuts are expected to reduce the average tax rate by 1.4 percent in 2025, according to the Urban-Brookings Tax Policy Center, a left-leaning Washington think tank. Most in the top 5 percent of income would see the greatest change, by 2.4 percent. Mr. Biden has also consistently said he does not support raising taxes on people making under $400,000 a year and, in his latest budget, proposed extending tax cuts for those making under that threshold.

Mr. Biden’s proposals would increase the average tax rate by about 1.9 percent, according to a Tax Policy Center analysis . The top 0.1 percent would see the biggest increase of about 13.9 percent, while the low income filers would see a reduction in taxes. That is no nowhere near the 300 percent increase Mr. Trump warned of.

“I will end the electric vehicle mandate on Day 1, thereby saving the U.S. auto industry from complete obliteration, which is happening right now, and saving U.S. customers thousands and thousands per car.”

There is no electric vehicle mandate. The Biden administration has imposed rules requiring carmakers to meet new average emissions limits across their entire product line. It is up to auto manufacturers how to comply. The Environmental Protection Agency has estimated that the rule would mean that by 2032, about 56 percent of new passenger vehicles sold would be electric and another 16 percent would be hybrids. Autoworkers do fear job losses because electric vehicles could require less than half the number of workers to assemble than cars with internal combustion engines do.

There is also no evidence that the rule or other policies aimed at encouraging electric vehicles are leading the automobile industry toward “obliteration.” Many automakers have, in fact, embraced electric vehicle production. General Motors, for example, has been talking about preparing for an “all-electric future” since 2017. The Biden administration has argued that its policies are aimed at moving electric vehicle jobs from China to the United States.

“We’re going to bring back car manufacturing.”

The American auto industry lost jobs under the Trump administration, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. General Motors, Ford and Fiat Chrysler all closed factories during Mr. Trump’s presidency.

“Probably the best trade deal was the deal I made with China, where they buy $50 billion worth of our product.”

The trade agreement that Mr. Trump signed with China in 2020 was quickly derailed by the coronavirus pandemic, and China never fulfilled its obligations to purchase American goods. And Mr. Trump gave an incorrect total for how much American product China was supposed to buy. A 2022 analysis by the Peterson Institute for International Economics found that China had bought none of the extra $200 billion of U.S. exports in the trade pact.

“Democrats are going to destroy Social Security and Medicare.”

President Biden has pledged not to make any cuts to America’s social safety net programs. Mr. Trump suggested this year that he was open to scaling back the programs when he said there was “a lot you can do in terms of entitlements in terms of cutting.” He later walked back those comments and pledged to protect the programs. But if changes to the programs are not made, the programs’ benefits will automatically be reduced eventually. Government reports released earlier this year projected that the Social Security and disability insurance programs, if combined, would not have enough money to pay all of their obligations in 2035. Medicare will be unable to pay all its hospital bills starting in 2036.

Hamed Aleaziz

Hamed Aleaziz

The Biden administration “demolished Title 42.”

The Biden administration kept in place the Trump-era policy, known as Title 42, which allowed border agents to quickly turn back migrants and cut off access to asylum protections for more than a year.

The Biden administration did not move to get rid of Title 42 until spring 2022. The move was later blocked by a federal judge, which forced the administration to keep the policy in place.

During that time, the Biden administration expanded the use of the policy and began expelling Venezuelans to Mexico. It was later rolled back in 2023 by the Biden administration.

“In Venezuela, crime is down 72 percent.”

Mr. Trump claimed that crime had fallen drastically in Venezuela because the country had sent “their murderers” and prisoners to the United States. Annual reports from the Venezuelan Violence Observatory, a research organization based in Caracas, shows a 25 percent decline in the country’s homicide rate from 2022 to 2023 , and a 41 percent decline since 2020 . In comparison, the homicide rate declined even more precipitously while Mr. Trump was president, by almost 50 percent from 2016 .

The Venezuelan Prison Observatory told Univision in 2022, when Mr. Trump first made the claim, that the prisons in the country had not been emptied and rather were at 170 percent capacity. According to the group’s latest annual report, Venezuela’s prison population stood at 33,558 in 2022, about level with its 2021 population of 33,710. Immigration experts have said they could not corroborate Mr. Trump’s claims that other countries were “dumping” their criminal and prison populations into the United States.

“I was the first president in modern times to start no new wars.”

Depending on the definition of “modern times,” President Jimmy Carter started no new wars during his time in office between 1977 and 1981.

“The whole world was at peace. And now the whole world is blowing up around us. Under President Bush, Russia invaded Georgia. Under President Obama, Russia took Crimea. Under the current administration, Russia is after all of Ukraine. Under President Trump, Russia took nothing.”

Under Mr. Trump’s presidency, there was not global peace. While Mr. Trump was in the Oval Office, there was an active war in eastern Ukraine between the Russian and Ukrainian armies, he authorized airstrikes and ground combat operations against fighters of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, and he ordered the assassination of an Iranian military leader in Iraq.

“We defeated 100 percent of ISIS in Syria, something that was going to take five years — ‘It’ll take five years, sir’ — and I did it in two months.”

The American-led coalition campaign against the Islamic State began in 2014 . The research firm IHS Markit estimated that the Islamic State lost about a third of its territory from January 2015 to January 2017. Mr. Trump has largely stuck with, and taken advantage of, a strategy that Mr. Obama began , and the Islamic State lost its final territories in March 2019 , two years after Mr. Trump took office, not two months.

“I stopped the missile launches from North Korea.”

North Korea continued to test missiles during Mr. Trump’s time in the White House, a fact that the former president continually dismissed at the time .

“Our opponents inherited a planet at peace and turned it into a planet at war.”

While Russia had not invaded Ukraine and the war between Israel and Hamas had not broken out, it is a stretch to claim that the world was entirely peaceful under the Trump administration.

Average peacefulness declined in 2018 and 2020 , according to the Global Peace Index, an annual measure of violence around the world compiled by the Institute for Economics & Peace. During the Trump administration, the United States was also engaged in military conflicts in Iraq, Syria and Afghanistan and more than 60 American soldiers died in hostile action . When Mr. Trump left office, there were 2,500 troops remaining in Afghanistan.

“We also left $85 billion worth of military equipment” in Afghanistan.

Mr. Trump was once again referring to the total amount that the United States spent on security in Afghanistan over the course of 20 years — not the value of equipment left behind in the 2021 withdrawal.

The United States provided $88.6 billion for security in Afghanistan from October 2001 to July 2021, and disbursed about $75 billion, according to Pentagon figures .

That figure includes the amount spent on training, antidrug trafficking efforts and infrastructure, as well as $18 billion for equipment. CNN previously reported that about $7 billion worth of military equipment that the United States transferred to the Afghan government was left behind during the withdrawal.

“We will replenish our military and build an Iron Dome missile defense system to ensure that no enemy can strike our homeland. And this great Iron Dome will be built entirely in the U.S.A. and Wisconsin.”

The U.S. military’s budget continues to grow year by year, and the Iron Dome missile defense system is effective only against relatively short-range rockets and missiles. Installing an Iron Dome across the country would in no way ensure that an enemy could not strike the United States.

“They spent $9 billion on eight chargers.”

— Former President Donald J. Trump.

This is false .

This is an inflated claim of another false statement Mr. Trump has made on the campaign trail about electric vehicle charging stations. (He recently said that the Biden administration had “opened seven chargers for $8 billion.”)

The Bipartisan Infrastructure Law, which President Biden signed in 2021, allocated $7.5 billion for electric vehicle charging stations, with the goal of installing 500,000 across the country.

So far, only seven chargers have been installed — not a great pace. But the suggestion that the entire amount was used on seven chargers is not accurate. The Biden administration has argued that the pace is the result of wanting to get a complex new national program done right.

“He decided to leave behind the comforts of an unbelievable business empire. To leave behind everything he had ever built. To answer the call to serve our nation. Unlike his predecessor, it was not a decision born out of necessity. Unlike the current president, it was not a decision that would enrich his family.”

— Eric Trump, a son of Donald J. Trump

Former President Donald J. Trump did not divest from his businesses when he assumed the presidency, and his critics argue that his companies did benefit from his being in public office. Mr. Trump’s businesses received nearly $8 million from 20 foreign governments during his time in office, according to documents released by House Democrats this year. Much of that was from China. The nonprofit OpenSecrets has also tracked millions of dollars flowing to Trump properties from political entities and groups in recent years, suggesting that those seeking favor with Mr. Trump may do so through his properties.

“He slashed regulations.”

This needs context ..

As president, Donald J. Trump indeed slashed regulations, rolling back more than 100 environmental protections alone. The bulk of those were aimed at keeping the air and water clean, and cutting planet-warming greenhouse gas emissions from automobiles and power plants.

However, the Trump administration’s attempt to deregulate was also often thwarted by the courts. All told, the Trump administration lost 57 percent of cases challenging its environmental policies, a much higher rate of loss than previous administrations, according to a database maintained by New York University’s Institute for Policy Integrity .

“The U.S. dollar has been diminished.”

The value of the U.S. dollar is stronger than it has been in decades . This year, the dollar index, which measures the strength of the currency against the currencies of six major trading partners, has been hovering at levels last seen in the early 2000s.

Eric Trump’s suggestion that the dollar has been diminished is actually at odds with his father’s recent suggestion that the dollar is too strong, making American exports too expensive abroad.

Former President Donald J. Trump and Senator J.D. Vance, his running mate, have both argued that a weaker dollar would be better for the U.S. economy and have suggested that steps should be taken to depreciate the currency.

“In 2019, I was with him at the United Nations when the first president of history of this country stood there to advocate for religious liberty worldwide.”

— Franklin Graham, the evangelical leader

President Donald J. Trump hosted a United Nations event on religious freedom in 2019 in New York. At the time, he characterized it as the first time a U.S. president had hosted such a meeting. But aside from specific meetings, Mr. Trump’s appearance was certainly not the first time that an American president had championed religious freedom before the United Nations. President Barack Obama did so in a 2012 address to the General Assembly . President George W. Bush pressed the importance of religious liberty in a 2008 interfaith event.

“We’ve lost more Americans from drugs in the past four years than we lost in World War II. Yeah. Our bloodiest war. More than we lost in World War II. Does anybody care? It is pathetic. It is pathetic. And do you hear a single word from Washington about doing anything about it?”

— Tucker Carlson, Trump ally and former Fox News host

Mr. Carlson can certainly argue that lawmakers have not done enough to address the opioid crisis in the United States, but his suggestion that they have done nothing is wrong. The Congressional Research Service listed several major legislative efforts in 2016, 2018, 2019 and 2021.

These laws, according to the research service, “addressed overprescribing and misuse of opioids, expanded substance use disorder prevention and treatment capacities, bolstered drug diversion capabilities, and enhanced international drug interdiction, counternarcotics cooperation and sanctions efforts.”

Annual funding for border security and the Drug Enforcement Administration has tried to directly address drug trafficking. The bipartisan border bill that failed this past spring would have also included increased funding for enforcement efforts and new technology to detect drug smuggling. Former President Donald J. Trump lobbied against its passage.

Essay on Earth Day

world environment day essay for class 10


We all teach our children that the only place where life is possible is on earth. But how many of us have taught them the importance of earth? Did we teach our children that the earth has many natural resources which can be used by us as we wish? Or have we conveyed to them how earth gives us many benefits that we must be thankful for? This essay on Earth Day will be useful for children to learn more about it.

We must remember that what we instil in children becomes their way of life. So, if we want them to care for our mother earth , it is better to explain to them the significance of Earth Day through an essay writing on Earth Day. Earth Day is celebrated every year on 22 April to create awareness about the changes that are happening on earth and protecting our environment. In this easy essay on Earth Day in English, we will discuss why we need to celebrate Earth Day and let us consider ways to protect our earth.

Importance of Earth Day

Earth is the only planet that is considered to be fit for human life and other living beings. If there was no earth, we would not exist, nor would we be able to move to a different planet. Hence, if anything happens to the earth, our survival would be in jeopardy. Let us bear in mind that the earth must be preserved for generations to come and that we cannot utilise the resources as freely as we wish. Our children, grandchildren, great-grandchildren, and so goes the saga of our generation who have equal rights to live on earth and enjoy the resources just like us.

This easy essay on Earth Day in English will be useful for your kids to practise their essay writing skills. Earth Day was first celebrated in 1970 in the USA as a way to influence the government to take environment-friendly decisions against the rising industrialisation. But now, it has achieved great momentum and is celebrated by almost every country in the world. So, keeping aside a day to make humans realise the value of the earth was necessary. With the growing concern of global warming , deforestation and pollution, we inflict harm on our earth, which must be prevented at all costs.

Celebration of Earth Day

The main idea behind celebrating Earth Day is to show kindness to earth, and any simple measure that we take towards protecting the earth will have a huge impact. Earth Day is celebrated in schools, colleges and other institutions with great enthusiasm, and your children can participate in simple activities and share their experiences through essay writing on Earth Day.

Planting trees on school grounds or family yards is the best way to celebrate Earth Day. We can also grow fruits and vegetables in a small garden in the backyard, thus making our earth look greener and cleaner. Taking public transport or riding a bicycle to school or work will reduce the pollution in the air, and buying recyclable materials or carrying reusable bags can also contribute to protecting our earth. In this way, each of us can create a significant impact on the earth and make this day a grand success.

Frequently Asked Questions on Earth Day

How did earth day come into existence.

Earth Day was introduced by Gaylord Nelson, former senator of the US and environmentalist, in 1970 when there were huge damages to the environment caused by the oil explosion. So, he decided to celebrate Earth Day to protect nature, and later, the concept was adopted by other countries in the world.

Why is Earth Day celebrated?

Earth Day is celebrated to honour our earth and its resources and create awareness of the need to protect them. Due to many issues like pollution, global warming and deforestation, our earth is suffering. Earth Day enables people to understand these problems and motivates them to protect our earth from further harm and danger.

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