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Business Studies Grade 12 Essays Questions and Answers pdf

Business Studies Grade 12 Essays Questions and Answers pdf

Business Studies Grade 12 Essays Questions and Answers pdf:

Business Studies Grade 12 Essays Questions and Answers

Legislations essay questions.

Question 1:

The Labour Relations Act (LRA), 1995 (Act 66 of 1995) is a critical piece of legislation that outlines the rights of employees in the workplace. It is expected that businesses have a thorough understanding of this Act to implement it effectively. Many businesses seek legal advice to ensure compliance and avoid penalties for non-compliance with the LRA.

  • Outline the rights of employees in terms of the Labour Relations Act , which include the right to join a trade union, engage in collective bargaining, and strike. It also prohibits unfair labour practices like discrimination and unfair dismissal procedures.
  • Explain the purpose of the Labour Relations Act , which is to promote and regulate sound labour relations to contribute to economic growth and social development by establishing fair labour practices and procedures.
  • Discuss the impact of the Labour Relations Act on businesses , which require compliance with certain procedures and practices to protect the rights of employees, conduct negotiations with trade unions, follow fair dismissal procedures, and ensure no unfair labour practices occur. Failure to comply with the Act may result in penalties, such as fines, compensation for affected employees, and legal action, which may damage the business’s reputation and negatively affect employee morale and productivity.
  • Advise businesses on the penalties they may face for non-compliance with the LRA , which may include fines, compensation for affected employees, and legal costs. Non-compliance may also lead to reputational damage and negatively affect employee morale and productivity.

Question 2:

The National Credit Act (NCA), 2005 (Act 34 of 2005) provides a framework to regulate the credit market. It protects the rights of consumers and provides guidelines on how businesses should comply with this Act. Businesses may face penalties for not complying with the National Credit Act.

Write an essay on the National Credit Act in which you include the following aspects:

  • Outline the rights of consumers in terms of the National Credit Act.
  • Discuss the impact of the NCA on businesses.
  • Explain ways in which businesses could comply with the NCA.
  • Advise businesses on the penalties they may face for non-compliance to the Act.

Human Resources Function

The human resources manager is responsible for compiling the job description and job specification. Suitable candidates can be recruited internally using various recruitment sources. The interviewees should be familiar with their role during the interview. Businesses must ensure that the employment contract complies with the legal requirements of employment.

Write an essay on the human resources function in which you include the following human resources activities:

  • Outline the differences between job description and job specification.
  • Discuss the impact of internal recruitment on a business.
  • Explain the role of the interviewee during the interview.
  • Advise businesses on the legal requirements of the employment contract.

Business Function: Quality of Performance

Businesses implement quality control and quality assurance processes to produce high quality products. They also enjoy the benefits of a high-quality management system. Continuous skills development and total client satisfaction contribute towards the effective implementation of total quality management (TQM). Other businesses prefer to use the services of quality circles to achieve the desired outcome. Write an essay on quality of performance in which you include the following aspects:

  • Outline the differences between quality control and quality assurance.
  • Explain the benefits of a good quality management system.
  • Continuous skills development/Education and training
  • Total client/customer satisfaction
  • Advise businesses on the role of quality circles as part of continuous improvement to processes and systems. [40]

Business Venture: Management and Leadership

Effective management and leadership play an important role in achieving business goals. Many leaders follow the transformational leadership theory as a guide to lead their employees. Others use the democratic and autocratic leadership styles in the workplace. Some leaders agree that the role of personal attitude is important for successful leadership.

  • Write an essay on management and leadership in which you include the following aspects:
  • Outline the differences between management and leadership.
  • Explain the transformational leadership theory.
  • Advise businesses on the role of personal attitude in successful leadership.[40]

Investment Securities

BUSINESS VENTURES (INVESTMENT: SECURITIES) Investing in a fixed deposit provides investors the opportunity to decide whether they want to receive simple interest or compound interest. Investors must also consider various types of shares before making investment decisions. Some invest in companies that are listed on the Johannesburg Securities Exchange (JSE).

Write an essay on investment securities in which you include the following aspects:

  • Outline the differences between simple interest and compound interest.
  • Explain the advantages of a fixed deposit as a form of investment.
  • Discuss any THREE types of shares.
  • Advise businesses on the functions of the Johannesburg Securities Exchange

Business Roles: Creative and Problem-solving

Businesses need to identify problems that affect their operations in order to make informed decisions. They must also create an environment that promotes creative thinking to enjoy the benefits of creativity in the workplace. The Delphi technique and the force-field analysis enable businesses to solve complex business problems.

  • Write an essay on creative thinking and problem-solving in which you include the following aspects:
  • Outline the differences between problem-solving and decision-making.
  • Explain ways in which businesses can create an environment that promotes creative thinking in the workplace.
  • Discuss the advantages of creative thinking in the workplace.
  • Delphi technique
  • Force-field analysis

BUSINESS ROLES (DIVERSITY AND CONFLICT MANAGEMENT)

Businesses employ people who have different ways of doing things, which may lead to conflict. It is important that businesses identify diversity issues and find ways to deal with them. Businesses should be well informed about handling conflict in the workplace.

Write an essay on the following aspects:

  • Discuss the benefits of a diverse work force.
  • Suggest ways in which businesses may deal with language and age as diversity issues in the workplace.
  • Explain the causes of conflict in the workplace.
  • Advise businesses on how they should handle conflict in the workplace.

BUSINESS ENVIRONMENTS (LEGISLATION)

The Broad-Based Black Economic Empowerment Act (BBBEE), 2003 (Act 53 of 2003) (amended in 2013) was introduced to overcome the challenges of Black Economic Empowerment (BEE). Businesses are now compelled to comply with this Act.

You specialise in guiding businesses on the implementation of BBBEE. Write an essay on the following aspects:

  • Distinguish between BEE and BBBEE.
  • Evaluate the impact of BBBEE on businesses.
  • Management control
  • Enterprise and supplier development
  • Advise businesses on penalties they could face for non-compliance with the BBBEE.

List of Business Studies Grade 12 Essays Exam Questions and Answers from previous years

Business management grade 12 question and answers online quizzes.

Revise all the topics under Business Management Grade 12 subject, using test quizzes based on the exam questions below:

  • Quiz: Term 1: Macro Environment: Impact of Recent Legislations Quiz
  • Quiz: Term 1: Human Resources Function
  • Quiz: Term 1: Ethics and Professionalism
  • Quiz: Term 1: Creative Thinking
  • Quiz: Term 1: Macro Environment: Business Strategies
  • Quiz: Term 2: Corporate Social Responsibility
  • Quiz: Term 2: Human Rights, Inclusivity and Environmental Issues
  • Quiz: Term 2: Team Performance Assessment, Conflict Management, and Problem-Solving
  • Quiz: Term 2: Business Sectors and their Environments
  • Quiz: Term 2: Leadership and Management
  • Quiz: Term 2: Quality of Performance
  • Quiz: Term 3: Investment – Securities
  • Quiz: Term 3: Investment – Insurance
  • Quiz: Term 3: Forms of Ownership
  • Quiz: Term 3: Presentation and Data Response

possible essays for business studies paper 1 grade 12

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Modern Classroom

Business Studies Grade 12 2018 Essays | Great Topics (South Africa)

Business Studies Grade 12 Essays | 2018, 2019, 2020 Topics (South Africa):

Table of Contents

Tips on answering Business Studies Essay Types of Questions

  • Read through all the essay questions carefully
  • Choose the two questions that you can answer best
  • Write the question number on the top of the page
  • The essay must have an introduction, body and conclusion
  • Begin each essay by writing the word Introduction
  • The body of the essay must be divided into paragraphs
  • The heading for each paragraph is taken from the question.
  • Ensure that all the bullets of the question forms part of the body of your essay
  • Conclude your essay by writing the word conclusion, and a sentence, related to the topic, to conclude your essay.
Download Business Studies Grade 12 Exam Papers and Memos (2020, 2019, 2018, 2017) for free download. Prepare better for your grade 12 exams

Structure for Grade 12 Business Essay

Video tutorials on writing grade 12 business studies essays.

Hello Grade 12 Learners. Modern Classroom has everything for you needed to pass your matric exams, tests, assessments, research tasks and assignments under CAPS Curriculum . Feel free to explore all resources for grade 12, such as Study Guides, DBE Past Exam Papers with Memos , and Speech Topics . That’s if you want to know how to pass grade 12 with distinctions in South Africa Modern Classroom

Why passing Grade 12 is very important

Grade 12 ultimately prepares you for the real world out there, and most importantly matric is your ultimate gateway for varsity. You really need good marks in Grade 12 in order to pass well and study what you like . Good Grade 12 marks means good APS Score.

The calculation of an Admission Point Score (APS) is based on a candidate’s achievement in any SIX recognised National Senior Certificate 20-credit subjects (including subjects from the non-designated subject list, e.g. CAT , Tourism , Hospitality Studies and Civil , Electrical & Mechanical Technology , etc.), by using the NSC seven-point rating scale. Life Orientation is a 10-credit subject and may not be used for calculating the APS. Life Orientation is also not a faculty-specific subject requirement.

Have you made your career choice yet?

Now that you are in your final year of studies, have you made up your mind about what career you want to pursue after matric? Have a look at below questions and click on the links for more information:

Do you know:

  • If you want to study at a University or College ?
  • What career do you plan to pursue after school ?
  • What subjects you will need to study for this career?
  • Which country do you want to study at, Canada maybe?
  • How will you pay for your studies?

5 Ways to Pass Matric with Distinction?

  • Teach your friends the subject you know the most. Teaching others makes you learn faster
  • Manage your time properly. Learn to focus at one task at a time.
  • Gather all learning material about a subject and try answering previous exam papers and tests
  • Ensure you do have 8 hrs of sleep every night so that you will always be productive.
  • Remove all destructions around you, such as: TV, CellPhone, Noisy people, etc. If you cant, go to the library or study at school.

Other Grade 12 Past Papers and Memos

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  • Biology Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Life Orientation Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Religion Studies Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Business Studies Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Consumer Studies Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Tshivenda Home Language Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • IsiXhosa Home Language Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • IsiZulu Home Language Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Sepedi Home Language Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Sesotho Home Language Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Setswana Home Language Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Seswati Home Language Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Afrikaans Home Language Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • English Home Language Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Xitsonga Home Language Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Tourism and Hospitality Studies Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Computer Applications Technology Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Civil Technology Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
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  • Engineering Graphics and Designs Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
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View all Grade 12 Past Papers here

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Career Times

Business Studies Grade 12 2018 Essays | Great Topics

Business Studies Grade 12 Essays | 2018, 2019, 2020 Topics:

Tips on answering Business Studies Essay Types of Questions

  • Read through all the essay questions carefully
  • Choose the two questions that you can answer best
  • Write the question number on the top of the page
  • The essay must have an introduction, body and conclusion
  • Begin each essay by writing the word Introduction
  • The body of the essay must be divided into paragraphs
  • The heading for each paragraph is taken from the question.
  • Ensure that all the bullets of the question forms part of the body of your essay
  • Conclude your essay by writing the word conclusion, and a sentence, related to the topic, to conclude your essay.
Download Business Studies Grade 12 Exam Papers and Memos (2020, 2019, 2018, 2017) for free download. Prepare better for your grade 12 exams

Structure for Grade 12 Business Essay

Video tutorials on writing grade 12 business studies essays, requirements to pass grade 12 | matric.

Hey,  Grade 12  Learner! Do you know what it takes to obtain your Grade 12 Certificate?  All matric students in South Africa are required to register to write at least 7 subjects and they may not fail more than one subject. Failing more than one subject means you have failed matric. Thus, in order to pass you need to meet the following requirements:

  • Obtain at least 40% for your Home Language
  • Pass two other subjects with 40%, an
  • Get 30% for three other subjects
Career Times is here for you:  We have compiled all useful career resources for you to take your career to the higher levels, such as: Schools Directory , Career Options , Jobs , as well as study resources for other Grades ( Grade 11 , Grade 10 , and Grade 12 ) All the best!

Other Grade 12 Past Exam Papers

  • Accounting Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Economics Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Mathematics Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Technical Mathematics Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Physical Science Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Life Sciences Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Technical Sciences Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Mathematics Literacy Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Biology Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Life Orientation Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Religion Studies Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Business Studies Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Consumer Studies Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Tshivenda Home Language Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • IsiXhosa Home Language Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • IsiZulu Home Language Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Sepedi Home Language Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Sesotho Home Language Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Setswana Home Language Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Seswati Home Language Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Afrikaans Home Language Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • English Home Language Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Xitsonga Home Language Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Tourism and Hospitality Studies Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Computer Applications Technology Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Civil Technology Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Electrical Technology Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Engineering Graphics and Designs Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Information Technology Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Mechanical Technology Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Agricultural Sciences Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Agricultural Technology Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Agricultural Management Practices Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Dance Studies Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Design Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Dramatic Arts Grade 12 past papers and revision notes
  • Music Visual Arts Grade 12 past papers and revision notes

This is your year to pass with distinction!!!

Your meory plays a very importantpart in the learning process. In order for information to be stored in long-termmemory, it first needs to pass through your short-term or working memory. This stage of memory is limited in the amount of information it can retain. Information you receive in class must be  written down  or you will forget it. When revising from your textbooks, seek out the important information and write it down. Organise it logically. Reduce it to key terms or a form that is easy to remember.  NB: Take online Quizzes and Tests for different  Grade 12  Subjects on:  modernclassroom.co.za

We have organised all  grade 12  resourcesfor you so that youdont struggle. Check below very usefull resources for your studies even beyond Grade 12:

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List of bursaries to apply for, to finance your studies

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Business Studies Paper 1 Memorandum - Grade 12 September 2021 Preparatory Exams

NOTES TO MARKERS

  • Fairness, consistency and reliability in the standard of marking
  • Facilitate the moderation of candidates' scripts at the different levels
  • Streamline the marking process considering the broad spectrum of markers across the country
  • Implement appropriate measures in the teaching, learning and assessment of the subject at schools/institutions of learning
  • Candidates’ responses must be in full sentences for SECTIONS B and C. However, this would depend on the nature of the question.
  • Uses a different expression from that which appears in the marking guideline
  • Comes from another credible source
  • A different approach is used NOTE: There is only ONE correct answer in SECTION A.
  • Take note of other relevant answers provided by candidates and allocate marks accordingly. (In cases where the answer is unclear or indicates some understanding, part-marks should be awarded, for example, one mark instead of the maximum of two marks.)
  • The word ‘Sub-max’ is used to facilitate the allocation of marks within a question or sub-question.
  • The purpose of circling marks (guided by ‘max’ in the breakdown of marks) on the right-hand side is to ensure consistency and accuracy in the marking of scripts as well as for calculation and moderation purposes.
  • Subtotals to questions must be written in the right-hand margin. Circle the subtotals as indicated by the allocation of marks. This must be guided by ‘max’ in the marking guidelines. Only the total for each question should appear in the left-hand margin next to the appropriate question number.
  • In an indirect question, the theory as well as the response must be relevant and related to the question.
  • Correct numbering of answers to questions or sub questions is recommended in SECTIONS A and B. However, if the numbering is incorrect, follow the sequence of the candidate’s responses. Candidates will be penalised if the latter is not clear.
  • No additional credit must be given for repetition of facts. Indicate with an ‘R’.
  • The above could apply to ‘analyse’ as well.
  • Note the placing of the tick (√) in the allocation of marks.
  • The allocation of marks must be informed by the nature of the question, cognitive verb used, mark allocation in the marking guideline and the context of each question. Cognitive verbs, such as: 12.1 Advise, name, state, outline, motivate, recommend, suggest, (list not exhaustive) do not usually require much depth in candidates’ responses. Therefore, the mark allocation for each statement/answer appears at the end. 12.2 Define, describe, explain, discuss, elaborate, distinguish, differentiate, compare, tabulate, analyse, evaluate, critically evaluate (list not exhaustive) require a greater depth of understanding, application and reasoning. Therefore, the marks must be allocated more objectively to ensure that assessing is conducted according to established norms so that uniformity, consistency and fairness are achieved.
  • Mark only the FIRST answer where candidates offer more than one answer for SECTION B and C questions that require one answer.
  • Fact 2 marks (or as indicated in the marking guidelines)
  • Explanation 1 mark (two marks will be allocated in SECTION C) The ‘fact’ and ‘explanation’ are given separately in the marking guideline to facilitate mark allocation. 14.4.2 If the number of facts required is not specified, the allocation of marks must be informed by the nature of the question and the maximum mark allocated in the marking guideline. 14.5 ONE mark may be awarded for answers that are easy to recall, requires one-word answers or is quoted directly from a scenario/case study. This applies to SECTIONS B and C in particular (where applicable).

15.1 The breakdown of the mark allocation for the essays is as follows:

15.2 Insight consists of the following components:

  • No marks will be awarded for contents repeated from the introduction and conclusion.
  • The candidate forfeits marks for layout if the words INTRODUCTION and CONCLUSION are not stated.

15.7 When awarding marks for facts, take note of the sub-maxima indicated, especially if candidates do not make use of the same subheadings. Remember, headings and subheadings are encouraged and contribute to insight (structuring/logical flow/sequencing) and indicate clarity of thought. (See MARK BREAKDOWN at the end of each question.) 15.8 If the candidate identifies/interprets the question INCORRECTLY, then he/she may still obtain marks for layout. 15.9 If a different approach is used by candidates, ensure that the answers are assessed according to the mark allocation/subheadings as indicated in the marking guideline. 15.10 15.10.1 Award TWO marks for complete sentences. Award ONE mark for phrases, incomplete sentences and vague answers. 15.10.2 With effect from November 2015, the TWO marks will not necessarily appear at the end of each completed sentence. The ticks (√) will be separated and indicated next to each fact, e.g. ‘Product development is a growth strategy, √ where businesses aim to introduce new products into existing markets.’ √ This will be informed by the nature and context of the question, as well as the cognitive verb used. 15.11 With effect from November 2017, the maximum of TWO (2) marks for facts shown as headings in the marking guidelines, will not necessarily apply to each question. This would also depend on the nature of the question.

SECTION A QUESTION 1 1.1 1.1.1 B √√ 1.1.2 D √√ 1.1.3 A √√ 1.1.4 C √√ 1.1.5 A √√  (5 x 2) (10) 1.2 1.2.1 National Credit Regulator √√ 1.2.2 forty-five √√ 1.2.3 horizontal √√ 1.2.4 applicant √√ 1.2.5 management √√    (5 x 2) (10) 1.3 1.3.1 J √√ 1.3.2 F √√ 1.3.3 H √√ 1.3.4 A √√ 1.3.5 G √√   (5 x 2) (10) TOTAL SECTION A: 30 SECTION B Mark the FIRST TWO answers only. QUESTION 2: BUSINESS ENVIRONMENTS 2.1 Types of diversification strategies

  • Concentric diversification √
  • Horizontal diversification √
  • Conglomerate diversification √ NOTE: Mark the first THREE (3) only.  (3 x 1) (3)

2.2 Purpose of the Employment Equity Act

  • The EEA allows employees who do the same work to be paid equally. √√
  • Eliminates discrimination on grounds of gender/race/disability in the workplace. √√
  • Promotes equal opportunity and fair treatment in the workplace. √√
  • Protects employees from victimisation if they exercise the rights given to them by the EEA. √√
  • Promotes diversity in the workplace by ensuring that people of diverse backgrounds are appointed. √√
  • Ensures equal representation in the workplace through the implementation of affirmative action. √√
  • Ensures equal representation of all population groups in the workplace. √√
  • Any other relevant answer related to the purpose of the Employment Equity Act. Max. (6)

2.3 PESTLE factors 2.3.1 PESTLE factors from the scenario

  • Mark the first THREE (3) factors only.
  • The answer does not have to be in tabular format.
  • Award marks for the PESTLE factors even if the quotes were incomplete.
  • Do not award marks for the motivations if the PESTLE factors were incorrectly identified.          Max. (9)

2.4 Funding of SETA’s

  • Skills Development levies paid by employers √ e.g. 80% is distributed to the different SETA and 20% is paid into the National Skills Fund. √
  • Donations and grants √ from the public. √
  • Surplus funds √ from government institutions. √
  • Funds received √ from rendering their services. √
  • Any other relevant answer related to how SETA’s are funded. Max. (4)

2.5 Legislation 2.5.1 Consumer Protection Act/CPA √√ (2) 2.5.2 Advantages of CPA on businesses

  • Enable MT / businesses to resolve disputes fairly √ through the National Consumer Commission/Consumer Court/Industrial ombudsmen. √
  • Businesses may build a good image √ when they ensure that consumer rights are not violated. √
  • May gain consumer loyalty, √ if they comply with CPA. √
  • Businesses are less likely to have court cases against them√ for consumer rights violations. √
  • Businesses may be protected √ if they are regarded as consumers. √
  • Businesses may be safeguarded √ from dishonest competitors.√
  • Prevents larger businesses √ from undermining smaller ones. √
  • Any other relevant answer related to the advantages of CPA on MT/ businesses. Max. (4)

2.6 Types of intensive strategies Market penetration √√

  • New products penetrate an existing market at a low price, until it is well known to the customers and then the prices increase. √
  • It is a growth strategy where businesses focus on selling existing products to existing markets. √
  • Focuses on gaining a larger share of the market by reducing prices to increase sales/increasing advertising and promotion. √
  • Any other relevant answer related to market penetration as a type of intensive strategy. Type (2) Discussion (1) Sub-max. (3)

Market development √√

  • A process of exploring/finding/searching new markets for existing products. √
  • Businesses sell their existing products to new markets √/Involves targeting consumers in a potential market that is outside its normal target market. √
  • Business must research the market it wants to enter. √
  • They change the way the products are distributed to reach a different market. √
  • Any other relevant answer related to market development as a type of intensive strategy. Type (2) Discussion (1) Sub-max. (3)

Product development √√

  • Businesses generate new ideas and develop a new product or service. √
  • The introduction of a new product or service into existing markets. √
  • A business may need to acquire new technology to develop new products. √
  • They improve/change the packaging of current products so that they look and seem different and appeal to the market. √
  • Any other relevant answer related to product development as a type of intensive strategy. Type (2) Discussion (1) Sub-max. (3)

NOTE: Mark the first TWO (2) only. Max. (6) 2.7 Steps in evaluating a strategy

  • Examine the underlying basis of a business strategy. √√
  • Look forward and backwards into the implementation process. √√
  • Compare the expected performance with the actual performance. √√
  • Measure the business performance in order to determine the reasons for deviations and analyse these reasons. √√
  • Take corrective action so that deviations may be corrected. √√
  • Set specific dates for control and follow up. √√
  • Draw up a table of the advantages and disadvantages of a strategy. √√
  • Decide on the desired outcome. √√
  • Consider the impact of the strategic implementation in the internal and external environments of the business. √√
  • Any other relevant answer related to the steps in evaluating a strategy. NOTE: Accept steps in any order. Max. (6)

QUESTION 3: BUSINESS OPERATIONS 3.1 Sources of external recruitment

  • Recruitment agencies √
  • Billboards √
  • Printed media, e.g. newspapers/flyers/magazine/posters √
  • Electronic media, e.g. radio/TV√
  • Social media/Social networks/Internet/Business websites √
  • Head hunting √
  • Professional associations √
  • Networking √
  • Educational/Training institutions √
  • Word-of-mouth √
  • Any other relevant answer related to the sources of external recruitment. NOTE: Mark the first TWO (2) only. (2 x 1) (2)

3.2 Placement procedure as a human resource activity

  • Businesses should outline the specific responsibilities of the new position, including the expectations/skills required for this position. √√
  • Determine the successful candidate's strengths/weaknesses/ interests/skills by subjecting him/her to a range of psychometric tests. √√
  • Determine the relationship between the position and the competencies of the new candidate. √√
  • Any other relevant answer related to the placement procedure as a human resource activity. Max. (4)

3.3 Employment contract 3.3.1 Aspects included in the employment contract from the scenario

  • hours of work √
  • probation period √
  • termination of contract √ NOTE: Mark the first TWO (2) only. (2 x 1) (2)

3.3.2 Legal requirements of the employment contract

  • The employer and employee √ must both sign the contract. √
  • Employer and employee must agree √ to any changes to the contract. √
  • No party may unilaterally √ change aspects of the employment contract. √
  • The remuneration package/including benefits √ must be clearly indicated. √
  • It may not contain any requirements √ that conflict with the BCEA. √
  • The employment contract should include √ a code of conduct and code of ethics.
  • Aspects of the employment contract √ can be renegotiated during the course of employment. √
  • The employer must explain √ the terms and conditions of the employment contract to the employee. √
  • Conditions of employment/duties/responsibilities of the employees √ must be stipulated clearly. √
  • All business policies, procedures and disciplinary codes/rules √ can form part of the employment contract. √
  • The employer must allow the employee to thoroughly read through the contract √ before it is signed. √
  • Any other relevant answer related to the legal requirements of the employment contract. Max. (6)

3.4 Impact of fringe benefits on businesses Positives/Advantages

  • Attractive fringe benefit packages √ may result in higher employee retention/reduces employee turnover. √
  • Attracts qualified/skilled/experienced employees √ who may positively contribute towards the business goals/objectives. √
  • Improves productivity √ resulting in higher profitability. √
  • It increases employee satisfaction/loyalty √ as they may be willing to go the extra mile. √
  • Businesses save money √ as benefits are tax deductible. √
  • Fringe benefits can be used as leverage √ for salary negotiations. √
  • Any other relevant answer related to the positive impact/advantages of fringe benefits on businesses.

AND/OR Negatives/Disadvantages

  • A business which cannot offer fringe benefits √ fails to attract skilled workers. √
  • A business which offers employees different benefit plans may create resentment √ to those who receive less benefit resulting in lower productivity. √
  • It can create conflict/lead to corruption √ if allocated unfairly. √
  • Fringe benefits are additional costs √ that may result in cash flow problems. √
  • Decreases business profits, √ as incentive/package/remuneration costs are higher. √
  • Administrative costs increase √ as benefits need to be correctly recorded for tax purposes. √
  • Workers only stay with the business for fringe benefits, √ and may not be committed/loyal to the tasks/business. √
  • Businesses has to pay advisors/attorneys √ to help them create benefit plans that comply with legislation. √
  • Errors in benefit plans√ may lead to costly lawsuits/regulatory fines. √
  • Any other relevant answer related to the negative impact/disadvantages of fringe benefits on businesses. Max. (6)

3.5 Quality of performance 3.5.1 Quality indicators of the purchasing function from the scenario

  • Jane place orders timeously and follow-up to ensure goods are delivered on time. √
  • She also monitors and reports on minimum stock levels to avoid running out of stock. √ NOTE: Mark the first TWO (2) only. (2 x 1) (2)

3.5.2 Other quality indicators of the purchasing function

  • Businesses should buy raw materials/products in bulk√ at lower prices. √
  • Select reliable suppliers √ that render the best quality raw materials/capital goods at reasonable prices. √
  • Effective co-ordination between purchasing and production departments√ so that purchasing staff understand the requirements of the production process. √
  • Required quantities should be delivered √ at the right time and place. √
  • Implement and maintain stock control systems √ to ensure the security of stock. √
  • Maintain optimum stock levels √ to avoid overstocking/reduce out-dated stock. √
  • Effective use of storage space √ and maintain product quality while in storage. √
  • Involve suppliers √ in strategic planning/product design/material selection/quality control process. √
  • Ensure that there is no break in production √ due to stock shortages. √
  • Establish relationships with suppliers √ so that they are in alignment with the business’s vision/mission/values. √
  • Have a thorough understanding√ of supply chain management.√
  • Any other relevant answer related to other quality indicators of the purchasing function. NOTE: Do not award marks for responses quoted in QUESTION 3.5.1. Max. (4)

3.6 Benefits of a good quality management system

  • Effective customer services are rendered, √ resulting in increased customer satisfaction. √
  • Time and resources √ are used efficiently. √
  • Productivity increases through proper time management√/using high quality resources. √
  • Products/Services are constantly improved √ resulting in increased levels of customer satisfaction. √
  • Vision/Mission/Business goals √ may be achieved. √
  • The business may achieve a competitive advantage√ over its competitors. √
  • Regular training will continuously improve√ the quality of employees' skills/knowledge. √
  • Employers and employees will have a healthy working relationship√ resulting in happy/productive workers. √
  • Increased market share and profitability may result √ in business growth/ expansion. √
  • Improved business image, √ as there are less defects/faulty products/ returns. √
  • Any other relevant answer related to the benefits of a good quality management system. Max. (4)

3.7 Impact of TQM if it is poorly implemented by businesses

  • Setting unrealistic deadlines √ that may not be achieved. √
  • Employees may not be adequately trained √ resulting in poor quality products. √
  • Decline in productivity, √ because of stoppages. √
  • Businesses may not be able to make necessary changes of products/services √ to satisfy the needs of customers. √
  • Business reputation/image may suffer√ because of poor quality/ defective goods. √
  • Customers will have many alternatives to choose from √ and the impact could be devastating to businesses. √
  • Investors might withdraw investment, √ if there is a decline in profits. √
  • Decline in sales√ as more goods are returned by unhappy customers. √
  • High staff turnover√, because of poor skills development. √
  • Undocumented/Uncontrolled quality control systems/processes √ could result in errors/deviations from pre-set quality standards. √
  • Any other relevant answer related to the impact of TQM if it is poorly implemented by businesses. Max. (4)

3.8 Advantages of monitoring and evaluation of quality processes on large businesses as a TQM element

  • Prevents product defects and minimises wastage/customer complaints. √√
  • Good quality checks/procedures minimise the replacement/ breakdown of equipment/machinery on a regular basis. √√
  • May be equipped to get things done right the first time. √√
  • Improve performance and maintain high quality standards. √√
  • Improve current and future management of quality outputs/outcomes/ impact. √√
  • Provide clear indication about quality aspects that are contributing to the achievement of goals/targets. √√
  • Modify interventions that may improve the efficient use of resources. √√
  • Support management to acquire information needed to make informed decision about processes. √√
  • Cost of production is reduced as deviations from set standards can be corrected. √√
  • Strategies are revised in order to improve the quality of the product and services/business image. √√
  • Allows for quality control checks and procedures at key points. √√
  • Key performance indicators are carefully selected to monitor and evaluate the outcome. √√
  • Benchmarking is used to find best practices in order to determine the competitive position of the business. √√
  • Quality circles meet on regular basis to evaluate the progress in terms of quality. √√
  • Continuous research is conducted on latest developments to ensure that TQM planning is up to date. √√
  • Any other relevant answer related to the advantages of monitoring and evaluation of quality processes as a TQM element on large businesses Max. (6)

QUESTION 4: MISCELLANEOUS TOPICS BUSINESS ENVIRONMENTS 4.1 Provisions of the BCEA

  • Hours of work/Work hours √
  • Meal breaks and rest periods √
  • Public holidays √
  • Termination of employment √
  • Child and forced labour √ NOTE: Mark the first TWO (2) only. (2 x 1) (2)

4.2 Challenges of business environments and extent of control

  • Mark the first TWO (2) challenges only.
  • If the business environment is not linked to the challenge, mark the challenge only.
  • Award full marks for the business environment even if the challenge is not quoted in full.
  • The extent of control must be linked to the business environment.
  • Do not award marks for the business environment if the challenges were incorrectly identified.
  • Award marks for the challenges even if the business environment is incomplete/incorrect.
  • Do not award marks for the extent of control if the business environment is not mentioned.
  • Accept responses in any order. Max. (6)

4.3Application of Porter’s Five Forces model 4.3.1 Threat/Barriers of new entrants to the market

  • If the barriers to enter the market are low, √ then it is easy for new businesses to enter the market/industry. √
  • If the business is highly profitable, it will attract potential competitors√ that want to benefit from high profits. √
  • New competitors can quickly/easily enter the market, √ if it takes little time/ money to enter the market. √
  • If there are a few suppliers of a product/service but many buyers, √ it may be easy to enter the market. √
  • Any other relevant answer related to how businesses could apply the threat/barriers of new entrants to the market to analyse the market environment. Max. (4)

4.3.2 Bargaining power of buyer/Power of buyers

  • Assess how easy it is for buyers/customers √ to drive prices down. √
  • Determine the number of buyers/the importance of each buyer to the business √ and the cost of switching to other products. √
  • A few powerful buyers√ are often able to dictate their terms to the business. √
  • Buyers buying in bulk can bargain for prices √ in their favour. √
  • If buyers can do without the business's products √ then they have more power to determine the prices and terms of sale. √
  • Conduct market research √ to gather more information about its buyers. √
  • Any other relevant answer related to how businesses could apply the bargaining power of buyers/power of buyers to analyse the market environment. Max. (4)

4.4 Ways in which businesses can comply with COIDA

  • Businesses should provide a healthy/safe working environment. √√
  • Register with the Compensation Commissioner and provide the particulars of the business. √√
  • Keep records of employees’ income and details of work for four years. √√
  • Obliged to report all incidents causing death/injury/illness of employees. √√
  • Submits returns of earnings not later than 1 March annually. √√
  • Levies must be paid to the Compensation Fund. √√
  • Ensure that the premises/equipment/machinery is in good working condition. √√
  • Allow regular assessment of the workplace by inspectors in order to determine the level of risk their employees are exposed to. √√
  • Employers may not make deductions for COIDA from employees' remuneration packages. √√
  • Businesses must ensure that claims are lodged within twelve months of the date of the accident. √√
  • Any other relevant answer related to ways in which businesses can comply with COIDA. Max. (4)

BUSINESS OPERATIONS 4.5 Aspects that should be included in an induction programme

  • Safety regulations and rules. √
  • Overview of the business. √
  • Information about the business products/services. √
  • Meeting with senior management who will explain the company’s vision/ values/job descriptions/daily tasks. √
  • Tour of the premises. √
  • Introduction to key people and close colleagues. √
  • Conditions of employment, e.g. working hours/leave application process/ disciplinary procedures, √ etc.
  • Administration details on systems/processes/logistics. √
  • Discussion of the employment contract and conditions of service. √
  • Discussion on personnel policies, e.g. making private phone calls/using the internet, √ etc.
  • Discussion on employee benefits. √
  • Corporate social responsibility programmes. √
  • Any other relevant answer related to aspects that should be included in an induction programme. NOTE: Mark the first TWO (2) only. (2 x 1) (2)

4.6 Salary determination methods from given statements 4.6.1 Time-related √√ 4.6.2 Piecemeal √√ (4) 4.7 Benefits of induction for businesses

  • Allows new employees to settle in quickly √ and work effectively. √
  • Ensures that new employees understand rules and restrictions in the business. √
  • New employees may establish relationships √ with fellow employees at different levels. √
  • Make new employees feel at ease in the workplace, √ which reduces anxiety/ insecurity/fear. √
  • The results obtained during the induction process provide √ a base for focussed training. √
  • Increases quality √ of performance/productivity. √
  • Minimises the need √ for on-going training and development. √
  • Employees will be familiar with organisational structures, √ e.g. who are their supervisors/low level managers. √
  • Opportunities are created for new employees √ to experience/explore different departments. √
  • New employees will understand their role/responsibilities √ concerning safety regulations and rules. √
  • New employees will know the layout of the building/factory/offices/ where everything is, √ which saves production time. √
  • Learn more about the business so that new employees understand their roles/responsibilities √ in order to be more efficient. √
  • Company policies are communicated, √ regarding conduct and procedures/safety and security/employment contract/conditions of employment/working hours/leave. √
  • Realistic expectations for new employees √ as well as the business are created. √
  • New employees may feel part of the team √ resulting in positive morale and motivation. √
  • Employees may have a better understanding of business policies √ regarding ethical/professional conduct/procedures/CSR, √ etc.
  • Reduces the staff turnover √ as new employees have been inducted properly. √
  • Any other relevant answer related to the benefits of induction for businesses. Max. (4)

4.8 Total quality management 4.8.1 Total quality management elements from the scenario

  • Mark the first TWO (2) only.
  • Award marks for the TQM elements even if the quotes were incomplete.
  • Do not award marks for the motivations if the TQM elements were incorrectly identified. Max. (6)

4.9 Ways in which TQM can reduce the cost of quality

  • Introduce quality circles to discuss ways of improving the quality of work/ workmanship. √√
  • Schedule activities to eliminate duplication of tasks. √√
  • Share responsibility for quality output amongst management and workers. √√
  • Train employees at all levels, so that everyone understands their role in quality management. √√
  • Develop work systems that empower employees to find new ways of improving quality. √√
  • Work closely with suppliers to improve the quality of raw materials/inputs. √√
  • Improve communication about quality challenges/deviations, so that everyone can learn from experience. √√
  • Reduce investment on expensive, but ineffective inspection procedures in the production process. √√
  • Implement pro-active maintenance programmes for equipment/machinery to reduce/eliminate breakdowns. √√
  • Any other relevant answer related to ways in which TQM can reduce the cost of quality. NOTE: Mark the first TWO (2) only (2 x 2) (4)

TOTAL SECTION B: 80

SECTION C Mark the FIRST question only. QUESTION 5: BUSINESS ENVIRONMENTS (LEGISLATION) 5.1 Introduction

  • Black Economic Empowerment is an integrated and connected socio- economic development process which contributes directly to SA’s economic transformation. √
  • BBBEE achieves substantial change in the racial composition of ownership and increases the access to economic activities and skills training of previously disadvantaged individuals. √
  • Enterprise and supplier development enable large businesses to empower black owned businesses and suppliers. √
  • Businesses enjoy the benefits of the BBBEE Act even though this Act may disadvantage other businesses. √
  • Penalties/Consequences for non-compliance encourage businesses to comply with this Act. √
  • Any other relevant introduction related to the differences between BEE and BBBEE Act/implications of BBBEE pillars/impact of BBBEE on businesses/penalties for non-compliance. (Any 2 x 1) (2)

5.2 Differences between BEE and the BBBEE Act

  • The difference does not have to link but must be clear.
  • Award a maximum of FOUR (4) marks if the difference is not clear/Mark either BEE or BBBEE only. Max. (8)

5.3 Implications of BBBEE pillars for businesses Ownership

  • Business should include black people √ in shareholding/partnerships/ franchises. √
  • Encourage small black investors to invest √ in big companies and share ownership. √
  • Exempted Micro Enterprises (EMEs) with an ownership of 50% or more of black people √ are promoted to level 3 of the BEE scorecard. √
  • More opportunities are created for black people √ to become owners/ entrepreneurs. √
  • Large businesses should form joint ventures √ with small black owned businesses and share business risks. √
  • Businesses sometimes find it difficult to locate √ suitable black business partners/shareholders. √
  • Many black people cannot afford shares √ in companies/contributions to partnerships. √
  • Any other relevant answer related to the implications of ownership as a BBBEE pillar for businesses. Sub-max. (8)

Skills development

  • Businesses must engage black employees √ in skills development initiatives. √
  • Provide learnerships/Learning programmes √ to black employees. √
  • Business must contribute 1% of their payroll √ to fund the skills development programmes. √
  • Businesses could benefit from the increased √ pool of skilled/trained workers. √
  • Businesses must go the extra mile to train staff √ where learnerships are not offered. √
  • Productivity is compromised as mentors/coaches have to find the time√ to participate in learnerships/training. √
  • Any other relevant answer related to the implications of skills development as a BBBEE pillar for businesses. Sub-max. (8) Max. (16)

5.4 Impact of BBBEE on businesses Positives/Advantages

  • Businesses that comply with BBBEE regarding the pillars √ will be rated high on the BEE scorecard/may get government tenders/may attract other BBBEE business partners/-suppliers. √
  • Encourages businesses to address the demands√ for redress/ equity directly. √
  • Provides a variety of business codes√ to improve employment equity. √
  • Provides for human resources development√ through training and development. √
  • Promotes enterprise development, √ by developing entrepreneurial skills of designated people to start their own businesses. √
  • Businesses will have a good overview on how it is performing √ in comparison to other businesses in the rest of the country. √
  • A good BBBEE rating√ will improve the image of the business. √
  • By focusing on BBBEE, the business will show commitment √ towards the social/education/economic developments in the community/ country. √
  • Once rated, the business will understand how to develop BBBEE strategies √ that will increase its BBBEE ratings on an annual basis. √
  • Fronting is discouraged, √ as it may lead to the disqualification of a business's entire scorecard/BBBEE status. √
  • Share prices of BBBEE compliant businesses are likely to increase √ as they attract more business. √
  • Businesses that support Small, Micro, Medium Enterprises (SMMEs), √ may increase their own BBBEE ratings. √
  • Complying with BBBEE requirements gives businesses experience/exposure √ to be able to provide better employment opportunities/staff development. √
  • Any other relevant answer related to the positive impact of BBBEE on businesses.
  • Businesses have to go through the process of having their BBBEE compliance/verified √ by an independent BEE verification agency. √
  • Businesses that wish to do business with the government, √ must have their BEE status assessed annually. √
  • Provides for preferential procurement, √ so certain businesses may be excluded from supplying goods/services. √
  • Processes may lead to corruption/nepotism, √ if not monitored properly. √
  • Many businesses have been disadvantaged due to BBBEE ratings √ as they may not be able to meet all the scoring. √
  • Processes and procedures may be costly for a business √ as there are many legal requirements for scoring enough points to be compliant. √
  • Businesses could experience large financial implications/penalties √ if they do not comply with BBBEE. √
  • Businesses will have to spend money in areas covered by the seven/five BBBEE pillars √ to obtain a good BBBEE rating. √
  • Investment/Ownership issues √ can cause unhappiness between existing shareholders. √
  • Any other relevant answer related to the negative impact of BBBEE on businesses. Max. (14)

5.5 Penalties for non-compliance with the BBBEE Act

  • Businesses may face imprisonment for non-compliance and fronting practices. √√
  • The penalty could be a fine of up to 10% of the company’s annual turnover. √√
  • Government will cancel any contract awarded that was based on false information regarding BBBEE status. √√
  • A business can be banned from participating in government contracts for a period of 10 years. √√
  • Business licenses may not be renewed, and authorisations may not be issued. √√
  • Businesses that fail to achieve at least a minimum 40% of compliance with ownership, skills development and new enterprise and supplier development will be automatically downgraded by one level. √√
  • Any other relevant answer related to penalties that businesses could face for non-compliance with BBBEE Act. Max. (8)

5.6 Conclusion

  • BBBEE Act increased the number of previously disadvantages people that manage and control the country’s economy. √√
  • More previously disadvantaged individuals have been receiving access to ownership and training therefore empowering rural and local communities. √√
  • The BBBEE Act is an enabling framework that allows for the development of Codes of Good Practice. √√
  • Businesses should strive to comply with the BBBEE Act to avoid unnecessary fines and negative publicity. √√
  • Any other relevant conclusion related to the differences between BEE and BBBEE Act/implications of BBBEE pillars/impact of BBBEE on businesses/penalties for non-compliance.

(Any 1 x 2) (2) [40]

QUESTION 5: BREAKDOWN OF MARKS

*LASO – For each component: Allocate 2 marks if all requirements are met. Allocate 1 mark if only some of the requirements are met. Allocate 0 marks where requirements are not met at all.

QUESTION 6: BUSINESS OPERATIONS (HUMAN RESOURCES FUNCTION) 6.1 Introduction

  • A job analysis assists businesses in identifying the details of the vacancy and of the candidate. √
  • Internal recruitment allows for businesses to first look for a suitable candidate within the organisation. √
  • The interviewer is responsible for planning and administering of the interview process. √
  • The human resource function should implement the Skills Development Act/SDA to keep abreast with the latest development in the industry in which the business operates. √
  • Any other relevant introduction related to the differences between job description and job specification/impact of internal recruitment/role of the interviewer /implication of the SDA on human resources function. (Any 2 x 1) (2)

6.2 Differences between job description and job specifications

  • The differences do not have to link but must be clear.
  • Award a maximum of FOUR (4) marks if the differences are not clear/Mark either job description or job specification only. Max. (8)

6.3 Impact of internal recruitment on businesses Positives/Advantages

  • Cheaper/Quicker to fill √ the post. √
  • Placement is easy, √ as management knows the employees’ skills/ personality/experience/strengths. √
  • Provides opportunities for career paths √ within the business. √
  • The employee already has an understanding of how the business operates, √ induction/training is not always necessary. √
  • Reduces the chances of losing employees, √ as future career prospects are available. √
  • Detailed, reliable information can be obtained √ from the supervisors/ employee records. √
  • Any other relevant answer related to the positive impact/advantages of internal recruitment on businesses.
  • Current employees may not bring new ideas √ into the business. √
  • Promoting a current employee may cause resentment √ amongst other employees. √
  • Promotion may disrupt business operations √ as it creates open vacancies that need to be filled. √
  • The number of applicants is limited √ to current staff only. √
  • Employees who do not really have the required skills for the new job √ may be promoted. √
  • Current employees may need to be trained/developed √ before they can be promoted, which can be expensive. √
  • Staff that is not promoted may feel demotivated √ which may hamper productivity. √
  • Any other relevant answer related to the negative impact/disadvantages of internal recruitment on businesses. Max. (16)

6.4 Role of the interviewer while preparing for an interview

  • The interviewer should develop a core set of questions √ based on the skills/knowledge/ability required. √
  • Check/read the application/verify the CV √ of every candidate for anything that may need to be explained. √
  • Book and prepare √ the venue for the interview. √
  • Set the interview date √ and ensure that all interviews take place on the same date, if possible. √
  • Inform all shortlisted candidates √ about the date and place of the interview. √
  • Plan the programme for the interview √ and determine the time that should be allocated to each candidate. √
  • Notify all panel members conducting the interview √ about the date and place of the interview. √
  • Any other relevant answer related to the role of the interviewer while preparing for an interview. Max. (12)

6.5 Implications of SDA on the human resources function

  • The human resource function must contribute 1% of their salary bill to the Skills Development Levy/SDL. √√
  • Ensure training in the workplace is formalised/structured. √√
  • Appoint a full/part time consultant as a skills development facilitator. √√
  • Assist managers in identifying skills/training needs to help them to introduce learnerships. √√
  • The human resources manager should interpret the aims and requirements of the SDA and adapt workplace skills training programmes accordingly. √√
  • Identify the training needs of the employees and provide them with training opportunities so that they will perform their tasks efficiently. √√
  • Use the National Qualification Framework/NQF to assess the skills levels of employees. √√
  • Interpret/Implement the aims/requirements of the framework for the National Skills Development Strategy. √√
  • Any other relevant answer related to the implications of the Skills Development Act on the human resources function. Max. (10)

6.6 Conclusion

  • A clear job analysis enables the human resources manager to select the best candidate from those who apply for the job. √√
  • Internal recruitment enables businesses to reward hardworking employees the opportunity to promotion positions. √√
  • Employees are the most important resource in any business and its success is strongly influenced by a good interview process. √√
  • The SDA not only ensure that employees are well qualified, but also that their skills are continuously improved to ensure the business stays competitive in the future. √√
  • Any other relevant conclusion related to the differences between job description and job specification/impact of internal recruitment/role of the interviewer/implication of the SDA on human resources function. (Any 1 x 2) (2)

QUESTION 6: BREAKDOWN OF MARK ALLOCATION

TOTAL SECTION C: 40 GRAND TOTAL: 150

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