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upsc essay format

The UPSC essay paper is one of the nine papers for the IAS main exam. With this, the scores obtained in the UPSC essay topics will also be considered in the merit list. Hence, it is important to cover all the aspects of the UPSC essay syllabus .

In this paper, candidates need to write two essays, each with a word limit of 1000-1200 words. Moreover, they are required to choose one IAS essay topic out of the four options in each section i.e. A and B.

The UPSC essay paper is conducted for 250 marks with one essay UPSC paper for 125 marks. Therefore, aspirants should use the best books and strategies to excel in this section.

In this article, we have compiled all the details of the UPSC IAS essay for the candidates aspiring for the upcoming civil services exam.

UPSC Essay Paper 2023 Structure

  • As per the UPSC exam pattern , the essay paper is one of the nine subjects in the civil services main exam. In this paper, aspirants need to write essays on assigned UPSC essay topics .
  • Candidates should practice writing essays on multiple topics in order to learn how to arrange their ideas and execute the same in the proper order.
  • Furthermore, the UPSC essay paper will carry 250 marks with an exam duration of 3 hours.

UPSC Essay Previous Year Papers

The previous year’s UPSC essay paper is one of the finest resources to prepare well for this section. This will strengthen their vocabulary and writing skills and also provide them insights into the type of essay topics UPSC asked over the years.

Hence, we have compiled below the official UPSC essay previous paper PDF link for 2022, 2021, 2020, 2019, and 2018 for the reference of the candidates.

Best Strategy for UPSC Essay Writing

UPSC essays must be well-formatted and presented in a manner that the readers can easily understand without any obstacles. Above all, it must include the ideas about the issue mentioned in the question.

Candidates must note that the general essay papers also play an important role in compensating for the less scores in general studies and optional papers. Hence, it is advisable to focus on improving the vocabulary and writing skills from the first leg of the preparation.

Let’s look at the best strategy to score high marks in the UPSC essay topics in the main exam.

  • Go through the entire UPSC essay syllabus to cover all the aspects of the section.
  • Build a habit of reading newspaper editorials and journals every day. Going by the trend analysis, it is found that many essay questions were asked directly from current affairs in the past few years.
  • Next, note down relevant quotes from the books/magazines/journal and implement them whenever required in the essay writing.
  • Focus on IAS essay topics related to democracy, environment/urbanization, judiciary, social justice/poverty, philosophies, media & society, education, economic sector, etc as questions can be asked from these topics.
  • Pick the essay topic very carefully. Also, it is advised to take some time to think about the topic and collect ideas and thoughts.
  • One should make sure that the essay comprises sections like introduction, main body, theme, and conclusion.
  • Moreover, aspirants can also reach out to their mentors, experts, seniors, or teachers for feedback on their essay writing. This will allow them to recognize their mistakes and focus more on their weak points for effective preparation.

Read More: How to write an essay for UPSC here!

Best Books for UPSC Essay Writing

Along with the best UPSC essay strategy , aspirants should also choose the finest books that comprise multiple essay topics UPSC for the exam. Here, we have shared below the best books and resources to strengthen the preparation of the general essay section:

  • Monthly Current Affairs Magazines by OnlyIAS
  • Only IAS Yogana Magazine
  • Only IAS Praarambh Post-Independence India
  • Only IAS Kurukshetra Magazine
  • Only IAS Praarmabh Indian Society
  • The Hindu (editorial articles)

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1. How to score 150 in UPSC essay?

Ans. One can score 150 marks on the UPSC essay paper by managing time effectively throughout the exam and avoiding any kind of deviation from the topic.

Q2. What are the topics for UPSC essay?

Ans. Some of the important IAS essay topics include democracy, environment/urbanization, judiciary, social justice/poverty, philosophies, media & society, education, economic sector, etc

Q3. What is essay paper 1 in UPSC?

Ans. The UPSC essay paper 1 is one of the nine papers for the IAS main exam. In this paper, candidates need to write two essays, each with a word limit of 1000-1200 words. The maximum mark is 250 with a duration of 3 hours.

Q4. Is UPSC essay tough?

Ans. Yes, the UPSC essay paper is moderately tough as per the past year’s exam analysis. However, it also depends on the aspirant knowledge of the topic.

Q5. How many pages is 1,000 words in UPSC?

Ans. 2 pages single-spaced or 4 pages double-spaced is about 1000 words in UPSC.

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upsc essay format

upsc essay format

UPSC Essay Topic wise Question Papers of last 31 years (1993-2023) for Civil Services IAS/IPS Exam Free Download

In the UPSC mains examination, essay paper is worth 250 marks and three hours. Here is the topic wise questions from the earlier years for the benefit of civil service IAS IPS aspirants.

1.1 India Since Independence

1.2 federalism, decentralization, 1.3 administration, 1.4 judiciary, 1.5 poverty, social justice, 1.6 indian society, culture and values, 1.7 media, tv & cinema, literature, 2.1 growth vs development, 2.2 environment vs development, 2.4 sectors of economy, 3.1 values in education, 3.2 scheme implementation, 3.3 higher education, 4.1 character, honesty, ethics, 4.2 knowledge, 4.3 compassion, 4.4 truth and reality, 4.5 youth, discipline, 4.6 towards excellence, 5.1 @national politics, 5.2 @world / quote type, 5.3 empowerment overall, 5.4 compared to men, 6.1 globalization, 6.2 international org./ bilateral, 6.3 security, 6.4 history, 7.1 science and religion, 7.2 science and education, 7.3 computer and internet, 7.4 sci-tech: others, appendix: linear paper of upsc essay 2023, appendix: linear paper of upsc essay 2022, appendix: model answer pe free lecture & powerpoint, appendix: syllabus of essay paper in upsc, 1 india: democracy, administration, society, culture.

  • Is the Colonial mentality hindering India’s Success? -2013
  • In the context of Gandhiji’s views on the matter, explore, on an evolutionary scale, the terms ‘Swadhinata’, ‘Swaraj’ and ‘Dharmarajya’. Critically comment on their contemporary relevance to Indian democracy -2012
  • Dreams which should not let India sleep. -2015
  • Why should we be proud of being Indians? -2000
  • Whither Indian democracy? -1995
  • How far has democracy in India delivered the goods? -2003
  • What we have not learnt during fifty years of independence. -1997
  • What have we gained from our democratic set-up? -2001
  • My vision of India in 2001 a.d. -1993
  • Impact of the new economic measures on fiscal ties between the union and states in India. -2017
  • Water disputes between States in federal India. -2016
  • Cooperative federalism : Myth or reality. -2016
  • Creation of smaller states and the consequent administrative, economic and developmental implication -2011
  • Evaluation of panchayati raj system in India from the point of view of eradication of power to people. -2007
  • Water resources should be under the control of the central government. -2004
  • The language problem in India: its past, present and prospects. -1998
  • There are better practices to “best practices”. -2021
  • How should a civil servant conduct himself? -2003
  • Politics without ethics is a disaster. -1995
  • The VIP cult is a bane of Indian democracy -1996
  • Need for transparency in public administration -1996
  • The country’s need for a better disaster management system. -2000
  • Politics, bureaucracy and business – fatal triangle. -1994
  • We may brave human laws but cannot resist natural laws. -2017
  • Justice must reach the poor -2005
  • Judicial activism and Indian democracy. -2004
  • Judicial activism. -1997
  • A society that has more justice is a society that needs less charity. (- जिस समाज में अधिक न्याय होता है उस समाज को दान की कम आवश्यकता होती है।) – 2023
  • There can be no social justice without economic prosperity but economic prosperity without social justice is meaningless (बिना आर्थिक समृद्धि के सामाजिक न्याय नहीं हो सकता, किन्तु बिना सामाजिक न्याय के आर्थिक समृद्धि निरर्थक है ) -2020
  • Neglect of primary health care and education in India are reasons for its backwardness. -2019
  • The focus of health care is increasingly getting skewed towards the ‘haves’ of our society. -2009
  • Food security for sustainable national development -2005
  • Reservation, politics and empowerment. -1999
  • Culture is what we are, civilization is what we have (जो हम है, वह संस्कार; जो हमारे पास है, वह सभ्यता ) -2020
  • Indian culture today: a myth or a reality? -2000
  • Modernism and our traditional socio-ethical values. -2000
  • The composite culture of India. -1998
  • The Indian society at the crossroads. -1994
  • From traditional Indian philanthropy to the gates-buffet model-a natural progression or a paradigm shift? -2010
  • New cults and godmen: a threat to traditional religion -1996
  • Biased media is a real threat to Indian democracy. -2019
  • Responsibility of media in a democracy. -2002
  • Role of media in good governance -2008
  • Does Indian cinema shape our popular culture or merely reflect it? -2011
  • How has satellite television brought about cultural change in Indian mindsets? -2007
  • Is sting operation an invasion on privacy? -2014
  • Mass media and cultural invasion. -1999
  • The misinterpretation and misuse of freedom in India. -1998
  • Poets are the unacknowledged legislators of the world (कवि संसार के अनधिकृत रूप से विधायक होते हैं) – 2022

2 Economy, Development

  • Poverty anywhere is a threat to prosperity everywhere. -2018
  • Digital economy: A leveller or a source of economic inequality. -2016
  • Innovation is the key determinant of economic growth and social welfare. -2016
  • Near jobless growth in India: An anomaly or an outcome of economic reforms. -2016
  • Crisis faced in India – moral or economic. -2015
  • Was it the policy paralysis or the paralysis of implementation which slowed the growth of our country? -2014
  • GDP (Gross Domestic Product) along with GDH (Gross Domestic Happiness) would be the right indices for judging the wellbeing of a country-2013
  • Can capitalism bring inclusive growth? -2015
  • Resource management in the Indian context. -1999
  • Economic growth without distributive justice is bound to breed violence. -1993
  • Forests are the best case studies for economic excellence (आर्थिक समृद्धि हासिल करने के मामले में वन सर्वोत्तम प्रतिमान होते हैं।) – 2022
  • Alternative technologies for a climate change resilient India. -2018
  • Should a moratorium be imposed on all fresh mining in tribal areas of the country? -2010
  • Urbanisation and its hazards -2008
  • Protection of ecology and environment is essential for sustained economic development. -2006
  • Urbanization is a blessing in disguise. -1997
  • Ecological considerations need not hamper development. -1993
  • Globalization would finish small-scale industries in India. -2006
  • Multinational corporations – saviours or saboteurs -1994
  • Special economic zone: boon or bane -2008
  • Is the criticism that the ‘Public-Private-Partnership’ (PPP) model for development is more of a bane than a boon in the Indian context, justified ?-2012
  • Farming has lost the ability to be a source of subsistence for majority of farmers in India. -2017
  • BPO boom in India. -2007
  • Tourism: Can this be the next big thing for India? -2014
  • Are our traditional handicrafts doomed to a slow death? -2009

3 Education

  • Education is what remains after one has forgotten what one has learned in – school. (- शिक्षा वह है जो विद्यालय में विधालय में सीखी गई बातों को भूल जाने के बाद भी शेष रह जाती है।)
  • Destiny of a nation is shaped in its classrooms. -2017
  • Education without values, as useful as it is, seems rather to make a man more clever devil-2015
  • Independent thinking should be encouraged right form the childhood. -2007
  • Are the standardized tests good measure of academic ability or progress? -2014
  • Irrelevance of the classroom. -2001
  • Is the growing level of competition good for the youth? -2014
  • Literacy is growing very fast, but there is no corresponding growth in education. -1996
  • Is an egalitarian society possible by educating the masses ? -2008
  • What is real education? -2005
  • “Education for all” campaign in India: myth or reality. -2006
  • Restructuring of Indian education system. -1995
  • Privatization of higher education in India. -2002
  • Credit – based higher education system – status, opportunities and challenges -2011

4 Quote based, Philosophy, Ethics

  • A smile is the chosen vehicle for all ambiguities (हर असमंजस के लिए मुस्कराहट ही चुनिन्दा साधन है) – 2022
  • Philosophy of wantlessness is a Utopian, while materialism is a chimera. -2021
  • Your perception of me is a reflection of you; my reaction to you is an awareness of me. -2021
  • Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication (सरलता चरम परिष्करण है ) -2020
  • Ships don’t sink because of water around them ships sink because of water that gets into them (जहाज अपने चारों तरफ के पानी के वजह से नहीं डूबा करते, जहाज पानी के अंदर समां जाने की वजह से डूबता हैं ) -2020
  • Life is a long journey between being human and being humane.  (मनुष्य होने और मानव बनने के बीच का लम्बा सफर ही जीवन है)-2020
  • Values are not what humanity is, but what humanity ought to be -2019
  • Best for an individual is not necessarily best for the society -2019
  • Courage to accept and dedication to improve are two keys to success -2019
  • Wisdom finds truth -2019
  • A people that values its privileges above its principles loses both. -2018
  • Customary morality cannot be a guide to modem file. -2018
  • Need brings greed, if greed increases it spoils breed. -2016
  • Character of an institution is reflected in its leader. -2015
  • With greater power comes greater responsibility. -2014
  • Words are sharper than the two-edged sword. -2014
  • Attitude makes, habit makes character and character makes a man. -2007
  • He would reigns within himself and folds his passions and desires and fears is more than a king. -1993
  • Thinking is like a game, it does not begin unless there is an opposite team. (- सोच एक खेल की तरह है, यह तब तक शुरू नहीं होता है जब तक कि एक विपरीत टीम/पक्ष न हो।) – 2023
  • Mathematics is the music of reason. (- गणित ज्ञान का संगीत है।) – 2023
  • The real is rational and the rational is real. -2021
  • Mindful manifesto is the catalyst to a tranquil self (विचारपरक संकल्प स्वयं के शांतचित्त रहने का उत्प्रेरक है )-2020
  • ‘The past’ is a permanent dimension of human consciousness and values. -2018
  • A good life is one inspired by love and guided by knowledge. -2018
  • There is nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so. -2003
  • Disinterested intellectual curiosity is the lifeblood of civilisation. -1995
  • Joy is the simplest form of gratitude. -2017
  • Compassion is the basic of all morality of the world -1993
  • Lending hands to someone is better than giving a dole. -2015
  • Be the change you want to see in others (Gandhi)-2013
  • Just because you have a choice, it does not mean that any of them has to be right (केवल इसलिए कि आपके पास विकल्प हैं, इसका यह अर्थ कदापि नहीं है कि उनमें से किसी को भी ठीक होना ही होगा) – 2022
  • Reality does not conform to the ideal, but confirms it. -2018
  • Truth is lived, not taught -1996
  • When money speaks, the truth is silent. -1995
  • Search for truth can only be a spiritual problem. -2002
  • The time to repair the roof is when the sun is shining (छप्पर मरम्मत करने का समय तभी होता है, जब धूप खिली हुई हो) – 2022
  • You cannot step twice in the same river (आप उसी नदी में दोबारा नहीं उतर सकते) – 2022
  • Discipline means success, anarchy means ruin -2008
  • Youth is a blunder, manhood a struggle, old age a regret -1994
  • If youth knew, if age could. -2002
  • Youth culture today. -1999
  • Fifty Golds in Olympics: Can this be a reality for India? -2014
  • Visionary decision-making happens at the intersection of intuition and logic. (- दूरदर्शी निर्णय तभी लिए जाते है अंतर्ज्ञान और तर्क का परस्पर मेल होता है।) – 2023
  • Not all who wander are lost. (- भटकने वाले सभी गुम नहीं हो जाते।) – 2023
  • Inspiration for creativity springs from the effort to look for the magical in the mundane (- रचनात्मकता की प्रेरणा अलौकिक ता में चमत्कार ढूंढने के प्रयास से उपजति है) – 2023
  • A ship in harbour is safe, but that is not what ship is for (जहाज बन्दरगाह के भीतर सुरक्षित होता है, परन्तु इसके लिए तो वह होता नहीं है) – 2022
  • Quick but steady wins the race. -2015
  • Useless life is an early death. -1994
  • Our deeds determine us, as much as we determine our deeds. -1995
  • The paths of glory lead but to the grave. -2002
  • The pursuit of excellence. -2001

5 Women empowerment

  • Greater political power alone will not improve women’s plight. -1997
  • Women’s reservation bill would usher in empowerment for women in India. -2006
  • The new emerging women power: the ground realities. -1995
  • Hand that rocks the cradle rules the world. -2021
  • If women ruled the world -2005
  • The hand that rocks the cradle -2005
  • Patriarchy is the least noticed yet the most significant structure of social inequality (पितृ-सत्ता की व्यवस्था नजर मैं बहुत काम आने के बावजूद सामाजिक विषमता की सबसे प्रभावी संरचना है) -2020
  • Fulfilment of ‘new woman’ in India is a myth. -2017
  • If development is not engendered, it is endangered. -2016
  • Whither women’s emancipation? -2004
  • Empowerment alone cannot help our women. -2001
  • Women empowerment: challenges and prospects. -1999
  • Woman is god’s best creation. -1998
  • Men have failed: let women take over. -1993
  • Managing work and home – is the Indian working woman getting a fair deal ?-2012

6 International issues, Internal Security, History

  • South Asian societies are woven not around the state, but around their plural cultures and plural identities. -2019
  • Modernisation and westernisation are not identical concepts. -1994
  • ‘globalization’ vs. ‘nationalism’ -2009
  • National identity and patriotism -2008
  • Globalizations and its impact on Indian culture. -2004
  • The masks of new imperialism. -2003
  • As civilization advances culture declines. -2003
  • The implications of globalization for India. -2000
  • My vision of an ideal world order. -2001
  • India’s contribution to world wisdom. -1998
  • The world of the twenty-first century. -1998
  • Preparedness of our society for India’s global leadership role. -2010
  • Technology as the silent factor in international relations (अंतर्राष्ट्रीय संबंधों मैं मौन करक के रूप मैं प्रौद्योगिकी) -2020
  • Has the Non-Alignment Movement (NAM) lost its relevance in a multipolar world ? -2017
  • Restructuring of UNO reflect present realities -1996
  • The global order: political and economic -1993
  • India’s role in promoting ASEAN co-operation. -2004
  • Importance of Indo-US nuclear agreement -2006
  • Management of Indian border dispute is a complex task. -2018
  • In the Indian context , both human intelligence and technical intelligence are crucial in combating terrorism -2011
  • Are we a ‘soft’ state ? -2009
  • Good fences make good neighbours -2009
  • Is autonomy the best answer to combat balkanization? -2007
  • Terrorism and world peace -2005
  • True religion cannot be misused. -1997
  • History repeats itself, first as tragedy, second as farce. -2021
  • Geography may remain the same ; history need not. -2010

7 Science-Technology

  • Spirituality and scientific temper. -2003
  • Science and Mysticism : Are they compatible ?-2012
  • What is research, but a blind date with knowledge! -2021
  • Modern technological education and human values. -2002
  • Value-based science and education. -1999
  • The march of science and the erosion of human values. -2001
  • The process of self-discovery has now been technologically outsourced. -2021
  • Rise of Artificial Intelligence: the threat of jobless future or better job opportunities through reskilling and upskilling. -2019
  • ‘Social media’ is inherently a selfish medium. -2017
  • Cyberspace and Internet : Blessing or curse to the human civilization in the long run -2016
  • Increasing computerization would lead to the creation of a dehumanized society. -2006
  • The cyberworld: its charms and challenges. -2000
  • Computer: the harbinger of silent revolution. -1993
  • Technology cannot replace manpower. -2015
  • Science and technology is the panacea for the growth and security of the nation-2013
  • The modern doctor and his patients. -1997
  • The lure of space. -2004

Section-A (write any one)

  • Thinking is like a game, it does not begin unless there is an opposite team. (- सोच एक खेल की तरह है, यह तब तक शुरू नहीं होता है जब तक कि एक विपरीत टीम/पक्ष न हो।)
  • Visionary decision-making happens at the intersection of intuition and logic. (- दूरदर्शी निर्णय तभी लिए जाते है अंतर्ज्ञान और तर्क का परस्पर मेल होता है।)
  • Not all who wander are lost. (- भटकने वाले सभी गुम नहीं हो जाते।)
  • Inspiration for creativity springs from the effort to look for the magical in the mundane (- रचनात्मकता की प्रेरणा अलौकिक ता में चमत्कार ढूंढने के प्रयास से उपजति है)

Section-B (write any one)

  • Girls are weighed down by restrictions, boys with demands – two equally harmful disciplines. (-लड़कियां बंदिशों के तथा लड़के अपेक्षा के बोझ तले दबे हुए होते हैं दोनों ही समान रूप से हानिकारक व्यवस्थाएं हैं।)
  • Mathematics is the music of reason. (- गणित ज्ञान का संगीत है।)
  • A society that has more justice is a society that needs less charity. (- जिस समाज में अधिक न्याय होता है उस समाज को दान की कम आवश्यकता होती है।)

Answer one-one essay from each section in 1000-1200 words

  • History is a series of victories won by the scientific man over the romantic man (इतिहास वैज्ञानिक मनुष्य के रूमानी मनुष्य पर विजय हासिल करने का एक सिलसिला है।) – 2022
  • A ship in harbour is safe, but that is not what ship is for (जहाज बन्दरगाह के भीतर सुरक्षित होता है, परन्तु इसके लिए तो वह होता नहीं है) & 2022
  • Just because you have a choice, it does not mean that any of them has to be right (केवल इसलिए कि आपके पास विकल्प हैं, इसका यह अर्थ कदापि नहीं है कि उनमें से किसी को भी ठीक होना ही होगा) – 2022

Essay: Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

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InstaLinks :  Insta Links help you think beyond the issue but relevant to the issue from UPSC prelims and Mains exam point of view. These linkages provided in this ‘hint’ format help you frame possible questions in your mind that might arise(or an examiner might imagine) from each current event. InstaLinks also connect every issue to their static or theoretical background. This helps you study a topic holistically and add new dimensions to every current event to help you think analytically.

Table of Contents:

GS Paper 3:

Evaluation of Street Vendors Act, 2014

Facts for prelims (ffp), impact of gi-certified products, india’s high food inflation, reports/study in news, goldman environmental prize, pakistan’s hangor class submarine, indian ocean.

  Syllabus: Governance

Context: The Street Vendors Act , implemented in 2014 , faces challenges despite being hailed as progressive.

Who are Street Vendors?

Street vendors are individuals who sell goods or services in public spaces such as sidewalks , streets, or markets. They often operate small businesses, selling a variety of items ranging from food and beverages to clothing, accessories, and household goods.  In India, approximately 50 lakh street vendors have been identified. Uttar Pradesh leads with over 8 lakh, followed by Madhya Pradesh with over 7 lakh.

Significance of Street Vendors:

Street vendors (comprising an average of 2.5% of the city population ) play a crucial role in urban India by serving diverse functions, including providing essential daily services like fresh produce and affordable food. They are integral to Indian culture, contributing iconic dishes like Mumbai’s vada pav and Chennai’s dosai.

Constitutional Provisions Related to Street Vendors in India:

About Street Vendors (Protection of Livelihood and Regulation of Street Vending) Act, 2014 :  

It was enacted to address the challenges faced by street vendors in India by regulating their activities and safeguarding their rights . This legislation aimed to create a conducive environment for street vendors to carry out their businesses while also protecting their interests.

Objectives of the Street Vendors Act, 2014:

  • The Act aims to regulate street vending activities by demarcating vending zones and implementing a participatory process for the formation of Town Vending Committees (TVCs).
  • Town Vending Committees (TVCs) will comprise street vendor representatives comprising 40% of members, including 33% women . These committees oversee vendor inclusion and address grievances.
  • The Street Vendors Act ensures the inclusion of all existing vendors in vending zones by issuing vending certificates
  • The Act intends to protect the livelihoods of street vendors by providing legal recognition for their occupation and preventing arbitrary evictions.
  • The Act seeks to promote inclusive urban development by integrating street vendors into the urban planning process and ensuring their participation in decision-making.
  • The Act aims to improve the social security and welfare of street vendors by providing them with access to credit, social schemes, and protection against harassment.
  • The Act recognizes the rights of street vendors to carry out their trade without harassment , arbitrary confiscation of goods, or extortion.
  • The Act also proposes a Grievance Redressal Committee chaired by a civil judge or judicial magistrate and mandates periodic surveys by States/ULBs to identify street vendors every five years.

Evaluating the objectives

  • The Act has brought about a more structured approach to street vending by delineating vending zones and involving vendors in decision-making through TVCs.
  • For Example: In Pune, the implementation of the Act resulted in the formation of TVCs , leading to better organization of street vending activities.
  • The Act has provided legal recognition to street vending as a legitimate occupation, preventing arbitrary evictions and securing the livelihoods of vendors.
  • Example: In Ahmedabad, vendors’ livelihoods were protected as the Act prevented their eviction without proper procedures.

Challenges in Implementation:

Despite the Act’s intentions, challenges such as lack of awareness among vendors, delayed survey and certification, and resistance from local authorities have hindered effective implementation. Example: In some cities, vendors’ access to vending certificates has been delayed due to administrative bottlenecks.

  • Administrative challenges: A) Increased harassment and evictions of street vendors. B) Outdated bureaucratic mindset regarding vendors. C) Lack of awareness about the Act among authorities and vendors. D) Limited influence of street vendor representatives and tokenistic representation of women vendors.
  • Governance challenges: A) Weak urban governance mechanisms. B) Lack of integration with the 74th Constitutional Amendment Act. C) Insufficient powers and capacities of ULBs. D) Top-down urban policies ignoring provisions for vendor inclusion.
  • Societal challenges: A) Exclusionary perception of ‘world-class cities’ marginalizing B) City planning and policies view vendors as obstacles to urban growth rather than contributors to the economy.

Way forward:  

Ensure timely implementation, addressing gaps in schemes’ accessibility, awareness, and identification. Provide benefits such as maternity allowances, accident relief, and education support. States should prevent harassment of street vendors, safeguarding their right to livelihood. Enhance ULBs’ capacity to plan for street vending. Tackle issues like climate change impact, increased vendor numbers, e-commerce competition, and income reduction

Other Initiatives for Street Vendors:

  • SVANidhi Scheme : Launched to support over 50 lakh urban street vendors, including those from peri-urban/rural areas. It promotes digital transactions with cash-back incentives of up to Rs. 1,200 annually.
  • National Association of Street Vendors of India (NASVI): An organization dedicated to safeguarding the livelihood rights of street vendors nationwide. NASVI unites street vendor organizations to advocate for systemic changes.

The Street Vendors Act, 2014, has made significant strides in regulating street vending activities and safeguarding the rights of vendors. Despite challenges in implementation, the Act’s objectives of providing legal recognition, promoting inclusive urban development, and ensuring social security for street vendors mark a positive step towards integrating this informal sector into the urban fabric of India.

Mains Link:

How has globalization led to the reduction of employment in the formal sector of the Indian economy? Is increased informalization detrimental to the development of the country? (UPSC 2016)

Context: NABARD has initiated a study to evaluate the impact of Geographical Indication (GI) products.

  • This study aims to assess the benefits received by artisans and producers due to GI tags .

In India, GI registration is governed by the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act of 1999.

  Administered by the Registrar of Geographical Indications (RGI), it identifies agricultural, natural, or manufactured goods, providing legal protection for 10 years, renewable.

  Context: In 2023, while world food prices experienced a significant decline from their 2022 highs, India saw persistently high food inflation, reaching 9.5% in December 2023 . This contrasts sharply with global deflation of -10.1% during the same period.

Factors contributing to the drop in global food prices include:

  • An abundant supply of key crops : Bumper harvests in 2023, particularly of wheat, resulted in a surplus in the global market, contrasting with concerns over supply disruptions in 2022.
  • Improved supply from Russia and Ukraine : Despite disruptions, both countries maintained wheat exports, easing supply anxieties.
  • Lower demand for vegetable oils : Increased vegetable oil supplies and reduced use for biofuel production led to an approx. 32% drop in the UN’s Vegetable Price Index.
  • Slowing demand: High inflation and economic recession fears reduced consumer demand, particularly in major food-importing regions, decreasing import demand and lowering global prices.

India’s high food inflation amid falling global food prices can be attributed to several factors:

  • Limited transmission of global prices : While world food prices decreased, India’s remained elevated due to limited transmission of international prices to domestic markets, except for edible oils and pulses.
  • Export bans and import duties : The Indian government imposed bans on certain food exports and provided import duty waivers, reducing global market influences on domestic prices.
  • Domestic production challenges : Weather conditions affecting crop yields, particularly for cereals, pulses, and sugar, contributed to supply shortages and higher prices domestically.
  • Low stock levels: Low stock levels for commodities like wheat and sugar exacerbated price pressures.

Food inflation in India is primarily calculated using the Consumer Price Index (CPI) for Food and Beverages, a key measure tracking price changes of a typical consumer basket. Food carries a weight of 45.9% in the CPI , but its contribution to overall inflation has risen from 48% in April 2022 to 67% in November 2023.

Recent data from the government’s Household Consumption Survey indicates a decline in food’s share of the consumption basket, dropping below 50% for rural consumers and 39% for urban consumers.

Source: Multiple

  Context:   Alok Shukla, a forest and tribal rights activist of Chhattisgarh Bachao Andolan

, has won the 2024 Goldman Environmental Prize for his campaign saving over 4 lakh acres of forests in Chhattisgarh’s Hasdeo Aranya region from 21 planned coal mines.

The Hasdeo Aranya forests, spread across 1.70 lakh hectares in Chhattisgarh , are vital for biodiversity, home to 25 endangered species, 92 bird species, and 167 rare plants. The Hasdeo River , fed by these forests, irrigates 741,000 acres of farmland. Chhattisgarh, with 44% forest coverage , ranks third in India.

The award, also known as the Green Nobel , is given by the Goldman Environmental Foundation to grassroots environmental leaders worldwide, with winners receiving USD 200,000.

Context: Two individuals were apprehended in Hyderabad for using an artificial ripening agent, ethylene, on mangoes.

  • Authorities stated that the use of such chemicals breaches FSSAI guidelines and poses health risks including skin burns, irritation, inflammation, lung irritation, heavy metal poisoning, and neurological issues when consumed.

About Ethylene:  

  • Ethylene is a colourless, flammable, and lighter-than-air hydrocarbon gas with a sweet, musky odour and the chemical formula C₂H₄ or H₂C=CH₂.
  • It is the simplest alkene and the second simplest unsaturated hydrocarbon.
  • Ethylene is a plant hormone that regulates growth and senescence and is used in agriculture to ripen fruits and germinate seeds. 
  • As a fruit matures, it produces ethylene to signal ripening.
  • Ethylene is also widely used in the chemical industry , and the world produces more ethylene than any other organic compound.
  • Polyethene is produced using ethylene .

  Context: Pakistan has unveiled its inaugural Hangor class submarine, designed as a direct counterpart to India’s Kalvari class submarines.

About Kalvari class submarines:

It was constructed by Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited under Project-75, are derived from the French Scorpeneclass submarines . These vessels feature diesel-electric propulsion and serve as attack submarines. India currently operates six submarines of this class: Kalvari, Khanderi, Karanj, Vela, Vagir, and Vagshir . The Indian Navy is in the process of equipping these submarines with an indigenous Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) system, enabling extended submerged operations for non-nuclear submarines.

upsc essay format

  Context:   A recent study by the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM) predicts a significant warming of the Indian Ocean, leading to a tenfold increase in marine heatwaves , from an average of 20 days per year to 220–250 days per year . The Arabian Sea experiences maximum warming.


This warming trend, largely attributed to global warming , is expected to have severe consequences, including coral bleaching, seagrass destruction , and loss of kelp forests , adversely impacting the fisheries sector . The study also highlights a substantial increase in the ocean’s heat content, which contributes to sea-level rise and affects the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD), potentially altering monsoon patterns.

About the Indian Ocean:  

The Indian Ocean is the third-largest ocean in the world , covering an area of over 70 million square kilometers. It is bounded by Africa to the west, Asia to the north, Australia to the east, and the Southern Ocean to the south. The ocean is known for its warm waters and diverse marine life , including coral reefs, whales, dolphins, and various species of fish.

upsc essay format

Oceans on Earth are (larger to smaller): the Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, Southern Ocean, Arctic Ocean

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UPSC CAPF Previous Year Paper: PDF Download

Upsc capf question paper: previous year papers help in understanding the exam pattern and marking scheme and provide insights into the repeated topics asked in the examination. get the direct upsc capf ac previous year question papers pdf download link on this page. check the exam pattern, difficulty level, and other details here..

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UPSC CAPF Previous Year Paper 2024

Upsc capf previous year papers pdf, benefits of solving upsc capf previous year papers.

  • It enables candidates to gauge their preparation level and build a strategic plan to achieve favourable results.
  • Practising UPSC CAPF previous papers will also help them to revise the concepts that have been studied so far and will strengthen their base.
  • Solving questions from the previous year papers will help them discover their strengths and weaknesses.

How to Attempt UPSC CAPF Previous Year Paper?

  • Read carefully all the questions in the UPSC CAPF Previous Year Question Paper.
  • Place the stopwatch or timer to solve questions in a real-time environment.
  • Attempt easy questions first and keep difficult ones for last to solve UPSC CAPF AC previous year papers.
  • Once the entire paper is solved, tally your response with the UPSC CAPF answer key to elevate your preparation.

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  • How to download the UPSC CAPF Previous Year Papers PDF? + To download the UPSC CAPF Previous Year Paper PDF, go to the official website or click the UPSC CAPF previous year question paper PDF link above.
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UPSC 2023 topper Aditya Srivastava's mock essay copy goes viral, netizens react

T he UPSC 2023 results were recently announced, with Lucknow's Aditya Srivastava emerging as the IAS topper. As aspirants gear up for UPSC prelims 2024, many are eager to learn from the strategies of Aditya and other toppers. Aditya's essay mock test copy has gone viral, sparking various reactions from netizens. Some are questioning the relevance of the essay in UPSC CSE.

The essay, which begins with a reference to Oppenheimer's idea of the Manhattan Project, discusses the balance between logic and emotion--"A mind all logic is like a knife all blade, it makes the hand bleed that uses it."

However, it has not been confirmed if this essay was written by Aditya Srivastava. It was shared by a UPSC preparation handle on X.

Netizens are giving the viral essay a mixed response. Some like the reference, while some are unhappy with the curation: 

"Not at all impressed," a user commented.

"Salute to perfection," another user posted on X.

"Kids, the only thing matters is a good handwriting," another comment reads.

"It's a bizarre topic and equally bizarre response. Most unexpected.," another user posted on X.

UPSC 2023 topper Aditya Srivastava's mock essay copy goes viral, netizens react

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Exam Pattern Of UPSC IAS Civil Services Examination

The UPSC Exam pattern is set by the conducting body, i.e., the Union Public Service Commission. It is a yearly conducted examination and the paper pattern for the IAS Exam has been the same since 2013. This article aims to give the reader an overview of the UPSC exam pattern and syllabus for CSE 2024 .

UPSC Exam Pattern and Syllabus PDF Download PDF Here

The UPSC Civil Services Examination is considered to be the toughest examination in India. It has earned this moniker partly due to the intense competition and partly due to the comprehensive UPSC Syllabus . Apart from that, the exam pattern for UPSC CSE is quite complicated, and a typical examination cycle lasts for almost a year from the preliminary exam until the final results are declared.

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For the updated UPSC syllabus exam pattern, check IAS Notification  in the linked article.

UPSC 2023

UPSC Exam Pattern 2024

The UPSC civil services exam pattern is officially divided into two stages called Preliminary and Main Examination while in practice, it is a three-stage exam. The third being Personality Test/Interview.

As per the IAS exam pattern, candidates who clear the Prelims are eligible for Mains and candidates who clear the Main reach the interview stage.

Stage 1: UPSC CSE Prelims Exam Pattern

The Prelims Exam date is 26th May 2024. Visit the link to get free study material and preparation strategy for UPSC Prelims .

The UPSC exam pattern for the Preliminary stage consists of two papers, conducted on one day. Both the papers comprise objective type questions with multiple choice of answers. The prelims examination is a qualifying stage to filter candidates for the mains exam. The marks secured at this stage are not counted towards the final merit list, though candidates have to prepare well for this exam as cut-offs are unpredictable and depend on the average score every year. The details of UPSC prelims pattern is given below:

To sit for prelims, one has to fill the application using the UPSC Apply Online portal.

Stage 2: UPSC CSE  Mains Exam Pattern

The UPSC exam pattern for the Mains stage consists of 9 papers conducted over 5-7 days. Only those candidates who secure at least the declared cut off in General Studies I and 33% in General Studies II in Prelims will be allowed to appear for the Mains Examination. 

As per the exam pattern of UPSC Mains , all of the papers consist of descriptive answer type questions. It is an exhaustive phase and the total marks in UPSC mains can directly affect your final scores. Thus, the UPSC exam marks for the mains phase are extremely valuable as it acts as a key factor in merit declaration. The details of UPSC syllabus with marks are given below:

All of the mains papers except for the language papers A and B are of a merit ranking nature. Paper A and B are of qualifying nature and candidates must score at least 25% in each for the marks from their Paper I – Paper VII to be given weightage.

Paper A is not compulsory for candidates from the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim as well as candidates with hearing impairment, provided they can prove that they have been exempted from such 2nd or 3rd language courses by their concerned board or university. The Indian Language paper covers any of the languages included in the 8th Schedule of the Constitution.

The subjects which are covered by the General Studies Papers in Mains Exam are:

The Optional subjects for Paper VI and VII of the mains examination have to be any one of the subjects from the following list:

All the papers except the Language papers A and B can be answered in English or any of the languages listed in the 8th Schedule of the Constitution of India. The optional papers can be answered in English even if none of the other papers has been answered by the candidate in English.

Stage 3: UPSC CSE Pattern for Interview

This is the final stage of the IAS Exam before the final results are declared. Officially it is called the Interview/Personality Test and counted as a part of the Mains Examination for merit ranking purposes. From a preparation standpoint, it is considered the third stage as preparation strategies for the written and interview stages are different. As per the IAS exam pattern, this consists of an interview by the UPSC board to assess the candidates’ suitability for a civil services career and associated responsibilities. The board consists of competent and unbiased observers who have a record of the candidates’ career. The board would judge the candidates mental and social traits by asking questions of general interest. Some of the qualities that the board looks for are mental alertness, critical powers of assimilation, clear and logical exposition, a balance of judgement, variety and depth of interest, ability for social cohesion and leadership, intellectual and moral integrity.

The total marks of the UPSC interview stage is 275, thus bringing the total marks for UPSC Mains and Interview for the merit list consideration to 2025.

Online Quiz 2023

The whole exam pattern of the UPSC IAS examination is comprehensive, and the competition is intense. One should start preparing in-depth as the examination process lasts for almost a year and not making the cut means starting from scratch the following year.

You can find more information here:

UPSC Books List PDF: Download PDF Here

Apart from the UPSC paper pattern for prelims and mains, candidates can also refer to the links given below for UPSC preparation:

Frequently Asked Questions on UPSC Exam Pattern

Q 1. what are the total marks that can be scored in upsc prelims, q 2. what are the total marks for upsc cse mains, q 3. what is the syllabus for upsc mains, q 4. what is the upsc paper pattern, leave a comment cancel reply.

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upsc essay format

Good evening sir/Madam I have completed bsc in hotel management degree in 2013 Now I am eligible for IAS Can I give exams for IAS

Hi Danial To sit for UPSC Prelims 2020, the minimum educational qualification is a Bachelor’s Degree. The minimum age limit is 21 while the maximum is 32 (Unreserved Category.) Read Eligibility Criteria for UPSC Exam in the linked article.

My date of birth is 21/05/2000 and my graduation is complete in 2021 I’m eligible or not for 2021 upsc examination plz give and question answer…

Hi Prafull As per UPSC Eligibility Criteria , an aspirant has to be a minimum of 21 years of age before or on 1st August of the year of examination. In your case, you will be 21 on 21st May 2021 and if you pass your graduation degree, you can sit for UPSC 2021.

respected mentors, i have completed my degree in economics and i started preparing for upsc, could u plzz suggest or guide me some books to read which will be worthwhile useful

Hi Pradeep You can check the following links to complement your preparation: 1. UPSC Books 2. NCERT Books PDF

I am soon going to be a pharma graduate so what can be the optional subjects for me as none of the pharma subject is mentioned in the syllabus.

Hi Shivanshu UPSC provides a list of 48 optional subjects (25 subjects and 23 languages). One subject from the list can be chosen as your optional subject. Since, there is no such subject called Pharmacy, you can choose any other subject which you are most comfortable with. Read which subject is best for IAS Exam from the linked article.

Hie mam/sir I have completed my bams last year and i am interested in giving upsc exam next year But am little but confused about the prep of upsc can you please tell me the procedure for the preparation of upsc ?

Hi Please check below mentioned links: 1. IAS Exam 2. UPSC Syllabus 3. UPSC Eligibility Criteria

Hello! Need clarification. Do both Optionals consist two different paper each? If yes, do we have the option of selecting between Paper I and II?

No, you have to select one subject for which you will have two papers. Check the list of UPSC Optional Subjects in the linked article.

Respected mentors, I’m completed my graduation in 2020, and I’m interested in civil services so can I start the upsc preparation. Plzzzz suggest me the books of UPSC which will be worthwhile useful.

Hi. Pls. refer to: 1. UPSC Books 2. NCERT Books for UPSC

respected mentor, I am a BE graduate . I am complete my graduate in 2022 . I am interested to write UPSC exam . But i didn’t no the details related to that exam please suggest the inform about that exam.

Hi You should first know the UPSC Eligibility Criteria in detail, which you can find in the linked article. Then, you can follow-up with the following articles: 1. IAS Exam 2. UPSC Notification 3. UPSC Syllabus

respected mentor, i am post graduate in computer science i am interested in upsc exam ,can i apply as optional subject as computer science

Hi Babita There is no such subject as ‘Computer Science’ in the list of optional subjects given by UPSC. You may choose one from the stated Optional Subjects for UPSC .

Sir/Ma’am What is option A compulsory indian language? Is it English or can we take English as option A. And how is it different from English Literature. Is literature same as other optionals like Anthropology etc

Hi Harita Paper A and Paper B are two compulsory language papers. While in Paper A, you have to choose one Indian language. Paper B is English Language paper. English Literature is one of the optional subjects in the list of 48 optional subjects.

sir am currently doing my 2nd year engineering and i hav a dream to become a civil servant so how can i prepare for the upsc exam and should i start my prepration now itself??and what are the tips for prepration??

Hi Prajwal Taking it that you already know the exam pattern, we suggest you go through the UPSC Syllabus thoroughly. Then, you can start with important NCERT Books . Anaylse the UPSC Previous Years’ Question Papers . Make sure to keep yourself updated with current affairs.

I want to take mathematics as an optional subject, Can you please suggest appropriate book / books for this please

Take reference from the link – Mathematics Optional Book List

Respected mentors. My DoB is 25/12/2001. When I will eligible to sit in exam.

Hi Aman You will be eligible to sit for UPSC 2023 and onwards.

My birth year is 1988, will I be eligible?

Hi Arunabh You have to a minimum of 21 as of 1st August of the exam year. Also, one should not be 32 as of 1st August (exam year.) This is for general category. If you fall within the age brackets, you may sit for UPSC Exam. Read IAS eligibility here .

hi, I want to opt for Management as an optional subject for the exam.

please suggest me booklist and resources for the preparation of optional subject only

Hi Please refer to the following posts: 1. Strategy for Management Optional 2. Management Optional book list

Sir how to make revision stratgy of studied topics. I am pursuing graduation this year and complete 2021

Hi You should for frequent revision technique that helps you to stay in touch with what you have learnt. Read more about in the article here

Is there any strategy to start the preparation from the selected subjects ? like starting preparation from the subjects with wider syllabus to the lesser one ?

Start with the subjects you are new to. Strategies vary from person to person w.r.t their interests in subjects and their existing knowledge of the syllabus. Hence, we suggest you take any two subjects per day along with current affairs. You can also make a timetable for UPSC preparation to track your goals.

I have completed my graduation in bsc computer Science, statistics and mathematics. I have interested in the upsc Civil service exam. Please suggest best books for upsc prelims and mains.

Hi Check: 1. NCERT Books for UPSC 2. UPSC Books

I’m from tamilnadu Can I choose my mother tongue to attend my personality test

Yes, you can.

Will I be able to take up the Interview in my mother tongue even if I attended the prelims and the mains in English?

Hi, Yes, a candidate can opt for any one official language of India to be his/her medium of language in an interview.

Hi , Mentor I have Completed my Masters In Psycholgy can I Take This as a Optional Subject in Upsc Exam

Yes, you can go through the Psychology Optional Syllabus for UPSC at the linked article

Hello mentor , which are the subjective type writing papers( descriptive writing ) in upsc mains ? Only essays are their ? There are other descriptive writing paper in upsc mains other than essay writing?

Hi All the papers in UPSC Mains are descriptive-type. Essay, GS I-IV, Hindi Language, English Language, and two optional papers.

hi my birth date is 11/08/2002 can i take upsc in 2023

Hi As per the exiting UPSC Eligibility Criteria , you can sit for UPSC 2024. The minium age should be 21.

Should 2 subjects be selected for the optional exams? Also are the subjects to be selected from a BSc point of view because of question pattern?

Only 1 subject has to be chosen. Any subject from the list of optional subjects can be chosen.

My birth date is 10 3 2007. When I will give upse exam.

You can sit for the 2028 examination going by the current UPSC eligibility criteria .

If a candidates fails at interview of Mains stage does he need to re appear for all three levels again ?

Hi, Yes. As far as the UPSC CSE format is concerned, failing in any of the stages would require candidates to reappear in the prelims of the next year. Learn about UPSC Eligibility Criteria in the linked article.

Does a degree form ignou is valid to appear in civil service exam

Yes, it is valid.

What is the Paper A in the Mains Examination? Also what are the subjects available?

Hi, Get the detailed information about Paper A in UPSC Mains here .

Hello, I have a feeling that I might fail in my bachelor’s. So once I clear it by writing it once again, will I be eligible to give UPSC? Will it affect my chance to try out the UPSC exams? Thank you.

Hi Raja, Candidates who are in their final year or awaiting results are also eligible to appear for UPSC preliminary Examination. All such candidates who are likely to appear for IAS exams must produce proof of having passed the said examination along with the application for the main IAS examination.

upsc essay format

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  1. How to write a good essay in upsc mains

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  1. Essay Writing for Civil Services Examination

    Broadly speaking, there are two types of essays - formal and informal. In the UPSC Civil Services Examination (CSE), we are concerned with the formal essay. The formal essay is relatively impersonal, the author writes it as an authority and such essays tend to be less emotional. Formal essays can also have factual elements in it, like quoted ...

  2. How to Write Essay in UPSC Exam

    The Essay Paper is one of the nine papers in the UPSC civil services mains exam. In this paper, you will have to write two essays, each with a word count of 1000-1200. One topic can be selected from a choice of four topics. The Essay Paper is for a total of 250 marks, with one essay for 125 marks.

  3. Essay Paper UPSC 2021 (Mains): Question Paper and Analysis

    UPSC conducted the Essay Paper, as part of the Civil Services Main Exam 2021 on 07-01-2022. There were 8 Essay topics, out of which candidates were asked to write on two topics in 3 hours. Candidates were supposed to answer about 1000 words for each essay (about 10-12 pages).

  4. Essay Syllabus

    UPSC Civil Service Mains Paper 1 (popularly known as essay paper) is now of 250 marks. Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics. They will be expected to keep close to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

  5. UPSC Essay Writing: How to Write a Perfect and Balanced Essay

    An Essay Writing is a focused, descriptive and analytical write up on any particular topic. But this is different in format and presentation from any other kind of write up on the same topic. An essay is a tight write up which has a certain theme at its core and the write up is marked by its simplicity, lucidity, flow and orderliness.

  6. Essay Paper UPSC 2023 (Mains) Question Paper and Analysis

    UPSC CSE Essay Paper 2023 Instructions. General instructions mentioned on the essay paper, that need to be followed by every aspirant are provided here. Total Marks: 250 marks, Time duration: 3 hours. ... as this is a common format in UPSC exams. Additionally, be ready to write essays on a wide range of topics, including society, politics, the ...

  7. How to Write the Essay Paper for UPSC Civil Services Preparation

    The essay paper is an important aspect of the UPSC civil services exams. It can make or break your outcome. There are two sections in this paper. Each section gives you four topics; you have to choose one topic each. Each essay you write is marked out of 125, making a total of 250 marks. Click here to download the UPSC Mains Essay Paper 2020.

  8. Essay Writing for UPSC

    Essay Writing for UPSC. The UPSC Mains Examination comprises a total of nine papers, inclusive of an essay paper. The Essay Paper is categorised into sections A and B, each containing four topics. These topics hold a value of 125 marks each, thereby totalling 250 marks (125×2). Candidates are required to choose one topic from each section and ...

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    UPSC Essay Writing for Civil Services Examination 2023- Highlights. Some of the major highlights of the essay writing for the civil services exam 2023 are shared below: Number of UPSC essay topics: 2. Maximum Marks: 250 marks (125 each). Exam Duration: 3 hours. Word Limit: 1000-1200 words each.

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    Essay Writing for UPSC: Candidates preparing for the 2023 Civil Services exam must be well versed in Essay Writing for UPSC as it is an important paper in the Mains exam.In the UPSC essay paper, 2 essays have to be written in 3 hours of time.Each essay carries 125 marks in total, which makes this paper worth 250 marks. The word limit for each essay is 1000 to 1200 words.


    UPSC asks essays based on different topics and themes such as philosophy, Society, Polity, Economy, ... Essay is a craft in the sense of its form, format, style, articulation and presentation. We may take a historical approach, a theoretical and conceptual approach, an anecdotal and observational view or a story teller's style. ...

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    Step 3: Use Good & Expressive Language. Let's check what UPSC has to write officially about Essays - "Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics. They will be expected to keep close to the subject of the essay, arrange their ideas in an orderly fashion, and write concisely.

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    The syllabus for the essay paper is not specifically defined. Aspiring civil servants preparing for the highly competitive UPSC IAS exam must focus their attention on the essay paper. This is where candidates can showcase their writing skills and analytical abilities. The essay paper is divided into two sections, each consisting of four topics.

  15. 7 Easy Steps on Essay Writing for UPSC Mains Exam

    The UPSC Mains Exam has a total of 9 papers which includes an essay paper as well. The Essay Paper in the IAS Mains Exam consists of two sections A and B with four topics each of 125 marks and a total of 250 (125×2) marks. Candidates have to select a topic from each section and write about it in 1,000 to 2,000 words within the given time of ...

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    The UPSC essay paper is one of the nine papers for the IAS main exam. With this, the scores obtained in the UPSC essay topics will also be considered in the merit list. Hence, it is important to cover all the aspects of the UPSC essay syllabus.. In this paper, candidates need to write two essays, each with a word limit of 1000-1200 words.

  17. Model Essays

    Reach Us 12, Main AB Road, Bhawar Kuan, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, 452007 641, 1 st Floor, Mukherjee Nagar, Delhi-110009 ; 21, Pusa Rd, WEA, Karol Bagh, Delhi-110005

  18. UPSC Essay Topic wise Question Papers of last 30 years (1993-2022)

    In the UPSC mains examination, essay paper is worth 250 marks and three hours. Here is the topic wise questions from the earlier years for the benefit of civil service IAS IPS aspirants. 1 India: Democracy, administration, Society, culture. 1.1 India Since Independence. 1.2 Federalism, Decentralization.

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    Selected Contemporary Essays by Saumitra Mohan (MHE) Essay Paper for Civil Services Main Examination by Pavneet Singh and Sonali Bansal. A Book of Essays by Kalpana Rajaram. 151 ESSAYS For UPSC Mains Various State Public Service Commissions and Other competitive Examinations. English-Hindi-Essay Compulsory- UPSC Mains Examination.

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    InstaLinks : Insta Links help you think beyond the issue but relevant to the issue from UPSC prelims and Mains exam point of view. These linkages provided in this 'hint' format help you frame possible questions in your mind that might arise(or an examiner might imagine) from each current event.

  21. UPSC Essay Topics From Last 25 Years

    In this article, we have listed all the essay topics asked in the UPSC mains exam from 1994 to 2018. We have also classified the last 25 years essay questions into topics to make your preparation easier. Latest - See the UPSC Essay Topics in the IAS Mains 2020 Essay Paper. Download UPSC Mains 2020 Essay Paper from the linked article.

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    UPSC CAPF Previous Year Paper is a useful resource to get insights into exam format, distribution of marks and marking scheme. ... Here are the UPSC CAPF previous papers PDFs for 2023, 2022, 2021 ...

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    Benefits: A lot of questions in actual UPSC CSE Mains (Essay) could be easily answered by attending the ClearIAS Essay Program. ClearIAS Essay program offers a very high Return on Investment (RoI). Many questions in the actual UPSC Civil Services Examination can be directly or indirectly answered from ClearIAS Classes, Study Materials, and Exams.

  24. UPSC 2023 topper Aditya Srivastava's mock essay copy goes viral ...

    As aspirants gear up for UPSC prelims 2024, many are eager to learn from the strategies of Aditya and other toppers. Aditya's essay mock test copy has gone viral, sparking various reactions from ...

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    Stage 1: UPSC CSE Prelims Exam Pattern. The Prelims Exam date is 26th May 2024. Visit the link to get free study material and preparation strategy for UPSC Prelims. The UPSC exam pattern for the Preliminary stage consists of two papers, conducted on one day. Both the papers comprise objective type questions with multiple choice of answers.