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A guide to Project 2025, the extreme right-wing agenda for the next Republican administration

Project 2025 aims to roll back civil rights and destroy the federal government, among other proposals

Written by Sophie Lawton , Jacina Hollins-Borges , Jack Wheatley , John Knefel & Ethan Collier

Published 03/20/24 11:40 AM EDT

Project 2025, a comprehensive transition plan organized by right-wing think tank The Heritage Foundation to guide the next GOP presidential administration, is the conservative movement’s most robust policy and staffing proposal for a potential second Trump White House — and its extreme agenda represents a threat to democracy, civil rights, the climate, and more. 

Project 2025 focuses on packing the next GOP administration with extreme loyalists to former President Donald Trump. 

The plan aims to reinstate Schedule F , a Trump-era executive order that makes federal employees fireable at-will, stripping tens of thousands of employees of civil service protections. Both Trump and others in the conservative movement have said they will clear out the federal government if he is reelected. The project has even set up online trainings and loyalty tests to narrow down potential hires to those who will commit to follow Trump without question. As Project 2025 senior adviser John McEntee has said , “The number one thing you're looking for is people that are aligned with the agenda.”

The Heritage Foundation’s nearly 900-page policy book, titled Mandate for Leadership: A Conservative Promise , describes Project 2025’s priorities and how they would be implemented, broken down by departments in the federal bureaucracy and organized around “four pillars that will, collectively, pave the way for an effective conservative administration: a policy agenda, personnel, training, and a 180-day playbook.” Written primarily by former Trump officials and conservative commentators connected to The Heritage Foundation, these proposals would severely inhibit the federal government’s protections around reproductive rights, LGBTQ and civil rights, climate change efforts, and immigration.

The initiative is backed by a coalition of over 100 organizations and individuals, at least two-thirds of which receive funding from the Koch network or conservative philanthropist Leonard Leo. The project is also heavily promoted by MAGA-connected media figures such as Steve Bannon, who has called it the “blueprint” for Trump's second term on his War Room podcast. 

The Trump campaign has attempted  to distance itself from efforts to promote or speculate about “future presidential staffing or policy announcements.” However, Project 2025 is significantly more developed than the Trump campaign’s analog initiative , called Agenda47 . And given that the Heritage plan has the backing of virtually the entire conservative movement and links to numerous former Trump officials and advisers, it appears all but inevitable that Trump and his allies will rely on the policies and personnel assembled by Project 2025 if he is reelected in November. 

This resource outlines the specific policy and personnel priorities of Project 2025 for the next Republican administration.

Update (5/14/24): This piece has been updated with another policy priority and related examples. 

Select an Issue

Personnel and staffing, christian nationalism, reproductive rights, department of justice and federal law enforcement, lgbtq rights, climate change, immigration, diversity, equity, and inclusion (dei).

Project 2025’s goals for staffing the next GOP presidency reflect Trump’s idea to gut civil service staff and replace them with potentially tens of thousands of MAGA loyalists. The New York Times describes this plot for a second Trump administration as an “expansion of presidential power over the machinery of government” that would reshape “the structure of the executive branch to concentrate far greater authority directly in his hands.”

  • One of the key elements of Project 2025’s administrative goals is to reinstate the executive order known as Schedule F. This would reclassify thousands of federal employees as “at-will” workers and give the administration the ability to fire employees who don’t agree with or follow the extremist policies suggested by Project 2025. [PBS, 8/29/23 ]
  • Project 2025 has created a training “academy” for potential employees of the next administration, which “provides aspiring appointees with the insight, background knowledge, and expertise in governance to immediately begin rolling back destructive policy and advancing conservative ideas in the federal government.” The goal of the training, which currently consists of four online courses on subjects such as “Conservative Governance 101” and “The Administrative State & The Regulatory Process,” is “to prepare and equip future political appointees now to be ready on Day One of the next conservative Administration.” [Project 2025 Presidential Administration Academy, accessed 3/18/24 ]
  • Project 2025 makes it clear the Department of Justice is not independent from the executive branch and implies the agency will be used to take legal retribution against whoever Trump decides to investigate. [The Nation, 2/8/24 ]
  • Project 2025 Director Paul Dans recently appeared on Steve Bannon’s War Room and encouraged viewers of the far-right broadcast to send in their resumes and participate in Project 2025’s trainings in an effort to recruit extreme loyalists to the next GOP administration. [Real America’s Voice, War Room , 2/29/24 ]

Project 2025 aims to put Christianity at the center of American government and society by turning a biblical worldview into federal law, often employing Christian nationalist talking points and narratives to support its right-wing policy proposals. In his foreword to the book, for instance, Heritage Foundation President Kevin Roberts claims  that “the Left is threatening the tax-exempt status of churches and charities that reject woke progressivism,” adding that “they will soon turn to Christian schools and clubs with the same totalitarian intent.” Project 2025 is partnered with the Center for Renewing America, the primary Christian nationalist political organization in the U.S., led by former Trump official and Heritage alumnus Russ Vought. 

  • Vought’s Center for Renewing America, headed by one of Project 2025’s top advisers, reportedly listed “Christian nationalism” as one of the major priorities of a second Trump term. The CRA is listed among Project 2025’s advisory board member organizations. [Politico, 2/20/24 ; Project 2025 Advisory Board, accessed 3/18/24 ]
  • In discussing plans for the “well-being of the American family,” Project 2025 claims that centralized government “subverts” families by working to “replace people’s natural loves and loyalties with unnatural ones,” utilizing the biblical language of natural versus the unnatural. Roberts’ foreword for Project 2025 attacking the “noxious tenets” of “gender ideology” similarly argues, “These theories poison our children, who are being taught … to deny the very creatureliness that inheres in being human and consists in accepting the givenness of our nature as men or women.” [Salon, 3/1/24 ; Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ] 
  • In the chapter on the Department of Health and Human Services, former Trump HHS official Roger Severino advocates for a future conservative executive to “maintain a biblically based, social science-reinforced definition of marriage and family,” while arguing that “families comprised of a married mother, father, and their children are the foundation of a well-ordered nation and healthy society.” Severino specifically objects to “nonreligious definitions of marriage and family as put forward by the recently enacted Respect for Marriage Act,” claiming that “all other family forms” apart from “heterosexual, intact marriage … involve higher levels of instability.” [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ; MSNBC, 9/8/23 ]
  • Former Trump official Jonathan Berry’s chapter on the Department of Labor states that “the Judeo-Christian tradition, stretching back to Genesis, has always recognized fruitful work as integral to human dignity, as service to God, neighbor, and family” and claims that Biden’s administration is “hostile to people of faith.” [MSNBC, 9/8/23 ]

Project 2025 aims for the next conservative administration to attack reproductive rights from several angles, including by removing the term “abortion” from all federal laws and regulations, reversing abortion pill approval, punishing providers by withdrawing federal health funding, and restricting clinics that provide contraception and STD testing. Project 2025 has collaborated with extremist anti-abortion groups such as Susan B. Anthony Pro-Life America, Students for Life of America , and the American Association of Pro-Life Obstetricians and Gynecologists.

  • Project 2025 suggests the next conservative administration strike any mention of abortion from government laws, policies, and regulations. In the foreword of the Project 2025 policy book, Heritage President Kevin Roberts writes that a pro-life administration starts by removing the terms “abortion, reproductive health, [and] reproductive rights,” among others, “out of every federal rule, agency regulation, contract, grant, regulation, and piece of legislation that exists.” [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ]
  • Project 2025 suggests the next conservative administration reinstate the Comstock Act to ban and track and limit “mail-order abortions.” The New Republic report explains that right-wing groups see the Comstock Act “as a way to ban abortion nationally because it outlaws the use of the mail for the purposes of sending or receiving any object that could be used for an abortion.” [The New Republic, 2/8/24 ; Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ]
  • Project 2025 would have the next GOP administration restructure Medicaid to avoid providing reproductive health care and penalize providers who do. The policy book instructs the Department of Health and Human Services to “issue guidance reemphasizing that states are free to defund Planned Parenthood in their state Medicaid plans” and “propose rulemaking to interpret the Medicaid statute to disqualify providers of elective abortion.” It also recommends withdrawing Medicaid funding from “states that require abortion insurance or that discriminate in violation of the Weldon Amendment,” which “declares that no HHS funding may go to a state or local government that discriminates against pro-life health entities or insurers.” [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ]

Project 2025 also suggests restoring Trump-era “religious and moral exemptions to the contraceptive mandate” through the Affordable Care Act that would allow employers to deny coverage. The policy book also proposes requiring education on “fertility awareness-based” methods of contraception and family planning and suggests eliminating condoms from Health Resources & Service Administration guidelines because they are not a “women’s” preventative service. [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, accessed 3/19/24 ]

  • The policy book directs the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to eliminate any programs or projects that are deemed pro-abortion. In a report detailing Project 2025’s proposed crackdown on reproductive and LGBTQ rights, The New Republic writes that Heritage recommends the next conservative administration direct the CDC to “eliminate programs and projects that do not respect human life and conscience rights and that undermine family formation.” This includes ensuring the CDC “is not promoting abortion as health care” and instead pivots to “a research agenda that supports pro-life policies and explores the harms, both mental and physical, that abortion has wrought on women and girls.” [The New Republic, 2/8/24 ]
  • Heritage directs the administration to roll back Biden-era policies that allowed abortion access “in some circumstances at VA hospitals.” In its chapter on the Department of Defense, the book recommends reversing policies that allow “the use of public monies … to facilitate abortion for servicemembers.” [Politico, 1/29/24 ; Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ]
  • Project 2025 intends to undo Title X protections for reproductive health care, which currently provide low-cost contraception, STD screenings, and prenatal care to low-income people . Though Title X funding has “never been used for abortion services,” restrictions sought by Project 2025 would prohibit “comprehensive counseling” on all of a pregnant person’s options. The policy book also calls on Congress to pass “the Title X Abortion Provider Prohibition Act, which would prohibit family planning grants from going to entities that perform abortions or provide funding to other entities that perform abortions. This would help to protect the integrity of the Title X program even under an abortion-friendly Administration.” [Politico, 1/29/24 ; Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ]  
  • The policy book subtly promotes anti-surrogacy positions, writing that “all children have a right to be raised by the men and women who conceived them.” [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ] 
  • Project 2025 aims to reinstate an expanded, Trump-era version of a longtime Republican presidential policy barring nongovernmental organizations receiving U.S. aid from providing abortion services or advocating for legal abortion. The Mexico City policy was rescinded by the Biden administration in 2021. [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ; KFF, 1/28/21 ] 
  • The policy book would reverse a Biden administration policy that requires hospitals to offer abortions in medical emergencies regardless of state bans. [Politico, 1/29/24 ] 
  • Project 2025 aims to end all fetal cell research and “ensure that abortion and embryo-destructive related research … become both fully obsolete and ethically unthinkable.” [The Hill, 2/26/24 ; Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ]

In the eyes of pro-Trump Republicans and their right-wing media allies , the Department of Justice and the FBI have long been corrupted by left-wing ideology and the bureaucratic “deep state.” Now, Project 2025 seeks to radically reshape federal law enforcement for the benefit of a conservative strongman; its chapter by former Trump DOJ official Gene Hamilton states that “anything other than a top-to-bottom overhaul will only further erode the trust of significant portions of the American people and harm the very fabric that holds together our constitutional republic.” These views reflect the various conservative legal organizations that have partnered with Project 2025, such as former Trump adviser Stephen Miller’s America First Legal (where Hamilton currently works as vice president and general counsel), Carrie Severino’s Judicial Crisis Network , and the American Center for Law and Justice . 

  • Project 2025 claims that “the DOJ has become a bloated bureaucracy with a critical core of personnel who are infatuated with the perpetuation of a radical liberal agenda and the defeat of perceived political enemies.” Instead, the policy book states that “litigation decisions must be made consistent with the President’s agenda.” [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ]
  • Citing the FBI’s handling of “the Russia hoax of 2016, Big Tech collusion, and suppression of Hunter Biden’s laptop in 2020,” Project 2025 calls for a future GOP administration to immediately review all major FBI investigations “and terminate any that are unlawful or contrary to the national interest.” It also calls for prohibiting “the FBI from engaging, in general, in activities related to combating the spread of so-called misinformation and disinformation by Americans who are not tied to any plausible criminal activity,” referencing federal law enforcement’s response to January 6 insurrectionists and far-right domestic actors. [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ]
  • Project 2025 also suggests eliminating the FBI director’s 10-year term limit established by Congress, claiming the position “must remain politically accountable to the President in the same manner as the head of any other federal department or agency.” [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ]
  • Complaining that federal law enforcement agencies spend too much time going after parents, Project 2025 calls for a renewal in the department’s focus on violent crime. Hamilton’s chapter claims: “The FBI harasses protesting parents (branded ‘domestic terrorists’ by some partisans) while working diligently to shut down politically disfavored speech on the pretext of its being ‘misinformation’ or ‘disinformation.’” The false talking point about the DOJ targeting parents was spearheaded by the conservative movement after the National School Boards Association issued a memo detailing “acts of malice, violence, and threats against public school officials” in response to false information about critical race theory and mask requirements. [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ; Media Matters, 9/27/22 ]
  • Project 2025 calls for initiating legal action against progressive prosecutors, citing local government officials who supposedly “deny American citizens the ‘equal protection of the laws’ by refusing to prosecute criminal offenses in their jurisdictions.” It adds, “This holds true particularly for jurisdictions that refuse to enforce the law against criminals based on the Left’s favored defining characteristics of the would-be offender (race, so-called gender identity, sexual orientation, etc.) or other political considerations (e.g., immigration status).” Heritage and its president, Kevin Roberts, have previously called for “crushing the rogue prosecutor movement.” [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ; The Heritage Foundation, The Kevin Roberts Show , 7/26/23 ]
  • Project 2025 proposes the next conservative president should “enforce the death penalty where appropriate and applicable.” The policy book also euphemistically calls for “the next conservative Administration” to “do everything possible to obtain finality for the 44 prisoners currently on federal death row.” During the final months of his administration, Trump rushed 13 federal executions in 2020 — “an unprecedented clip” compared to the combined total of three federal executions in the preceding 60 years. [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ; Rolling Stone, 1/27/23 ] 
  • Project 2025 claims that the Biden administration “has enshrined affirmative discrimination in all aspects of its operations under the guise of ‘equity’” and vows to “reverse this trend” by attacking “so-called diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) offices that have become the vehicles for this unlawful discrimination.” The Heritage policy book suggests that the DOJ’s “Civil Rights Division should spend its first year under the next Administration using the full force of federal prosecutorial resources to investigate and prosecute all state and local governments, institutions of higher education, corporations, and any other private employers who are engaged in discrimination in violation of constitutional and legal requirements.” [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ]
  • Project 2025 calls to reassign election-related offenses to the Criminal Division of the DOJ rather than the Civil Rights Division, claiming, “Otherwise, voter registration fraud and unlawful ballot correction will remain federal election offenses that are never appropriately investigated and prosecuted.” This change would allow a second Trump administration to provide more resources for investigations into bogus claims of voter fraud and bolster efforts to overturn future election results. [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ; Mother Jones, 9/14/24 ; Media Matters, 3/5/24 ]

Project 2025 takes extreme positions against LGBTQ rights, seeking to eliminate federal protections for queer people and pursue research into conversion therapies in order to encourage gender and sexuality conformity. The policy book also lays out plans to criminalize being transgender and prohibit federal programs from supporting queer people through various policies. The project partnered with anti-LGBTQ groups the Family Policy Alliance , the Center for Family and Human Rights , and the Family Research Council .

  • Project 2025 calls for the next secretary of Health and Human Services to “immediately put an end to the department’s foray into woke transgender activism,” which includes removing terms related to gender and sexual identity from “every federal rule, agency regulation, contract, grant, regulation, and piece of legislation that exists.” The Trump administration proposed a similar idea in 2018 that would have resulted in trans people losing protections under anti-discrimination laws. [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ; The New Republic, 2/8/24 ]
  • Similarly, the policy book calls for HHS to stop all research related to gender identity unless the purpose is conformity to one's sex assigned at birth. The New Republic explains: “That is, research on gender-nonconforming children and teenagers should be funded by the government, but only for the purpose of studying what will make them conform, such as denying them gender-affirming care and instead trying to change their identities through ‘counseling,’ which is a form of conversion therapy.” [The New Republic, 2/8/24 ]
  • The policy book’s foreword by Kevin Roberts describes “the omnipresent propagation of transgender ideology and sexualization of children” as “pornography” that “should be outlawed,” adding, “The people who produce and distribute it should be imprisoned.” Roberts also says that “educators and public librarians who purvey it should be classed as registered sex offenders. And telecommunications and technology firms that facilitate its spread should be shuttered.” [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ]
  • Roberts’ foreword states that “allowing parents or physicians to ‘reassign’ the sex of a minor is child abuse and must end.” Echoing ongoing right-wing attacks on trans athletes, Roberts also claims, “Bureaucrats at the Department of Justice force school districts to undermine girls’ sports and parents’ rights to satisfy transgender extremists.” [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ; TIME magazine, 5/16/22 ]
  • Dame Magazine reports that Project 2025 plans to use the Department of Justice to crack down on states that “do not charge LGBTQ people and their allies with crimes under the pretense that they are breaking federal and state laws against exposing minors to pornography.” [Dame Magazine, 8/14/23 ]
  • Project 2025 also calls for the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services to repeat “its 2016 decision that CMS could not issue a National Coverage Determination (NCD) regarding ‘gender reassignment surgery’ for Medicare beneficiaries.” The policy book’s HHS chapter continues: “In doing so, CMS should acknowledge the growing body of evidence that such interventions are dangerous and acknowledge that there is insufficient scientific evidence to support such coverage in state plans.” [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ]
  • Going further, Project 2025 also demands that the next GOP administration “reverse policies that allow transgender individuals to serve in the military.” The policy book’s chapter on the Defense Department claims: “Gender dysphoria is incompatible with the demands of military service, and the use of public monies for transgender surgeries … for servicemembers should be ended.” [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ]

Project 2025 would eliminate environmental protections and further delay climate action. In the foreword , Heritage President Kevin Roberts calls environmentalism a “pseudo-religion,” claiming “environmental extremism is decidedly anti-human” because it promotes “population control and economic regression” by “regarding human activity itself as fundamentally a threat to be sacrificed to the god of nature.” Project 2025 is supported by climate change-denying organizations The Heartland Institute and the Institute for Energy Research .

  • The Department of Energy chapter in the policy book, written by former Federal Energy Regulatory Commission head Bernard McNamee, calls for “eliminating three agency offices that are crucial for the energy transition” and reducing funding to different agencies related to renewable energy. McNamee also calls for cutting the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, the Office of Clean Energy Demonstrations, and the Loan Programs Office. [The Guardian, 7/27/23 ; Politico, 7/28/23 ]
  • An entire chapter dedicated to the Environmental Protection Agency, written by former Trump EPA chief of staff Mandy Gunasekara, calls for shrinking the agency by firing new hires and eliminating the environmental justice department. The policy book supports reviving Trump-era EPA provisions and investigating grants to ensure money is going to organizations that support the administration’s policy agenda. [The Guardian, 7/27/23 ; E&E News, 2/26/24 ] 
  • In a chapter on the U.S. Agency for International Development, Heritage research fellow and Trump’s former chief operating officer of USAID Max Primorac suggests the next administration “rescind all climate policies from its foreign aid programs” and shut down any offices or departments connected to the Paris Climate Agreement. Project 2025 also suggests eliminating or curtailing funding to dozens of federal programs or offices related to climate change. [Heatmap News, 2/15/24 ] 
  • The policy book recommends reopening the Arctic for oil drilling, expanding other drilling projects, and leasing land in western states for coal mining. [Heatmap News, 2/15/24 ]

Project 2025 proposes to severely roll back both legal and unauthorized immigration through a number of untested, novel approaches that extend far beyond the policies of Trump’s first term. The plan would potentially make hundreds of thousands of people vulnerable to deportation through the loss of temporary protected status, and could ensnare their families, those they live with, and other members of their communities. Extreme anti-immigration organization the Center for Immigration Studies has partnered with Project 2025 in supporting these radical immigration policy ideas. 

  • Project 2025 aims to severely restrict legal immigration to the United States by dismantling the DREAM Act and restricting the DACA program, limiting temporary work visas from countries not on the current eligibility list, and increasing processing and application fees for migrants. [Niskanen Center, 2/20/24 ] 
  • The policy book also suggests restricting T visas, which are temporary visas for certain victims of human trafficking, and U visas, which are given to victims of crimes that occur in the U.S. [Niskanen Center, 2/20/24 ] 
  • Project 2025 suggests adding a citizenship question to the national census, something that the Trump administration attempted in 2019 but which was blocked by the Supreme Court. As NPR noted, “The plan also calls for aligning the mission of the government agency in charge of the next tally of the country's residents with ‘conservative principles.’” [NPR, 10/28/23 ]
  • Project 2025 calls on the DOJ to “pursue appropriate steps to assist the Department of Homeland Security in obtaining information about criminal aliens in jurisdictions across the United States, particularly those inside ‘sanctuary’ jurisdictions.” [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ]
  • Project 2025 calls for a massive increase in the authority of Immigration and Customs Enforcement, including ICE’s Enforcement and Removal Operations. ICE deportation officers should prioritize “the civil arrest, detention, and removal of immigration violators anywhere in the United States, without warrant where appropriate, subject only to the civil warrant requirements of the INA [Immigration and Nationality Act] where appropriate.” [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ]
  • Even people who are simply adjacent to unauthorized immigrants could be punished. Project 2025 would “bar U.S. citizens from qualifying for federal housing subsidies if they live with anyone who is not a U.S. citizen or legal permanent resident.” [Niskanen Center, 2/20/24 ]
  • Under Project 2025, “The next Republican administration … would also strip hundreds of thousands of individuals, many of whom have been in the U.S. for decades, of their legal protections by repealing all Temporary Protected Status (TPS) designations.” The Niskanen Center writes, “Nearly 700,000 individuals would lose legal protections and work authorization by repealing all active TPS designations.” [Niskanen Center, 2/20/24 ]

Project 2025’s proposal for America’s education system would be one of the most extreme plans yet, calling for eliminating the Department of Education, getting rid of all teachers unions, and tearing down regulations on education spending. Far-right “parental rights” organization Moms for Liberty and the anti-union Institute for Education Reform have partnered with Project 2025 to create these proposals.

  • The first sentence of Project 2025’s chapter on the Department of Education simply states: “Federal education policy should be limited and, ultimately, the federal Department of Education should be eliminated.” [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ] 
  • Citing “the path outlined by Milton Friedman in 1955,” Heritage’s Lindsey Burke advocates for American education through school vouchers, claiming, “Ultimately, every parent should have the option to direct his or her child’s share of education funding through an education savings account (ESA), funded overwhelmingly by state and local taxpayers, which would empower parents to choose a set of education options that meet their child's unique needs.” [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ]
  • Project 2025 seeks to eliminate the National Education Association’s congressional charter, which allows for the existence of teachers unions, calling it “a demonstrably radical special interest group that overwhelmingly supports left-of-center policies and policymakers.” [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ]
  • The plan also wants to remove federal oversight for funds under Title 1, “which provides support for low-income districts,” instead handling them as “no-strings-attached” state grants “with no regulation or oversight.” Federal education funding for students with special needs would “also be converted to unregulated block grants.” [Bucks County Beacon, 11/20/23 ]
  • The proposal also aims at eliminating any policies implemented under the Obama administration that support diversity, equity, and inclusion initiatives or so-called “critical race theory,” arguing that CRT specifically disrupts “the values that hold communities together such as equality under the law and colorblindness.” [Bucks County Beacon, 11/20/23 ; Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ]

Project 2025’s Mandate for Leadership advises the next administration to rid federal rules and legislation of the term “diversity, equity, and inclusion” or “DEI.” The mandate also outlines the ways in which DEI efforts supposedly undermine the purpose of several federal agencies, ignoring the tangible benefits of a diverse workforce in the government.  Project 2025 has collaborated with other groups leading the anti-DEI crusade including right-wing nonprofit the Claremont Institute and anti-critical race theory group Moms for Liberty.

  • In the foreword to the Mandate for Leadership, Heritage Foundation President Kevin Roberts calls for the deletion of DEI “out of every federal rule, agency regulation, contract, grant, regulation, and piece of legislation that exists.” He states, “The next conservative President must make the institutions of American civil society hard targets for woke culture warriors. This starts with deleting the terms … used to deprive Americans of their First Amendment rights out of every federal rule, agency regulation, contract, grant, regulation, and piece of legislation that exists.” [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ]
  • Project 2025 calls for investigating and prosecuting discrimination perpetuated by “so-called diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) offices.” The Heritage Foundation policy book argues that the DOJ’s “Civil Rights Division should spend its first year under the next Administration using the full force of federal prosecutorial resources to investigate and prosecute all state and local governments, institutions of higher education, corporations, and any other private employers who are engaged in discrimination in violation of constitutional and legal requirements.” [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ]
  • According to the mandate, the U.S. Army’s focus on DEI is a detriment to its “core warfighting mission.” It states: “The status quo is further marked by a pervasive politically driven top-down focus on progressive social policies that emphasize matters like so-called diversity, equity, and inclusion and climate change, often to the detriment of the Army’s core warfighting mission.” [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ]
  • The manual later argues that the U.S. Agency for International Development’s DEI apparatus should be dismantled. It calls for “eliminating the Chief Diversity Officer position along with the DEI advisers and committees; cancel[ing] the DEI scorecard and dashboard; remov[ing] DEI requirements from contract and grant tenders and awards; issu[ing] a directive to cease promotion of the DEI agenda, including the bullying LGBTQ+ agenda; and provid[ing] staff a confidential medium through which to adjudicate cases of political retaliation that agency or implementing staff suffered during the Biden Administration.” The book also argues for the elimination of “funding for partners that promote discriminatory DEI practices and consider debarment in egregious cases.” [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ]
  • The manual also argues that the Higher Education Act of 1965 should be amended so higher education accreditation agencies are not allowed to “[leverage] their Title IV gatekeeper role to mandate that educational institutions adopt diversity, equity, and inclusion policies.” [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ]
  • Authors call for the next conservative administration to “treat the participation [of Treasury Department officials] in any critical race theory or DEI initiative, without objecting on constitutional or moral grounds, as per se grounds for termination of employment.” The plan outlines details on how to “take affirmative steps to expose and eradicate the practice of critical race theory and diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) throughout the Treasury Department,” including identifying ”every treasury official who participated in DEI initiatives and interview[ing] him or her for the purpose of determining the scope and nature of these initiatives and to ensure that such initiatives are completely ended." [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ]
  • They also recommend eliminating official DEI roles and a related committee in the Treasury Department. According to the mandate, “Under the Biden Administration, the Treasury Department has appointed a Counselor for Racial Equity, established an Advisory Committee on Racial Equity, and created an office for Diversity, Equity, Inclusion, and Accessibility. All these should be eliminated.” [Project 2025, Mandate for Leadership , 2023 ]

What Would Happen to K-12 in a 2nd Trump Term? A Detailed Policy Agenda Offers Clues

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What would Donald Trump do in the realm of K-12 if voters return the former president to the White House?

He and his campaign haven’t outlined many specifics, but a recently published document that details conservative plans to completely remake the executive branch offers some possibilities. Among them:

  • Title I, the $18 billion federal fund that supports low-income students, would disappear in a decade.
  • Federal special education funds would flow to school districts as block grants with no strings attached, or even to savings accounts for parents to use on private school or other education expenses.
  • The U.S. Department of Education would be eliminated.
  • The federal government’s ability to enforce civil rights laws in schools would be scaled back.

The proposals are contained in comprehensive policy agenda that’s part of a Heritage Foundation-led initiative called Project 2025: Presidential Transition Project , which includes nearly 900 pages of detailed plans for virtually every corner of the federal government and a database of potential staffers for a conservative administration. It will also feature a playbook for the first 180 days of a new term.

The agenda is designed to be ready for a conservative president to implement at the start of a new administration next year, depending on the outcome of November’s election.

Project 2025 involves former Trump administration officials and other allies of the former president, as well as dozens of aligned advocacy organizations . One of those is Moms for Liberty, the Florida-based group that rose to national prominence fighting school boards over COVID-19 safety protocols and has endorsed conservative school board candidates across the country in recent years.

On the campaign trail, Trump has said that parents should elect school principals , called for merit pay for teachers and the abolition of teacher tenure, promised to cut federal funding to schools pushing progressive social ideas, and pledged to establish universal school choice .

But because he’s released little in the way of detailed plans, Project 2025’s 44-page agenda for the U.S. Department of Education offers the clearest picture yet of the education priorities Trump could pursue in a second term, and how a second Trump administration could use the federal government to advance conservative policies like private school choice and parents’ rights that have taken root in many Republican-led states.

012024 School Choice Voucher Woes shopping data tracking 1302739460

Despite the involvement of so many Trump allies, the former president’s campaign hasn’t officially endorsed Project 2025. His campaign didn’t respond to requests for comment from Education Week.

Nothing more than ‘a statistics-gathering agency’

Project 2025’s education agenda revolves around shrinking the federal government’s footprint on public education.

“The federal government should confine its involvement in education policy to that of a statistics-gathering agency that disseminates information to the states,” the document reads.

Under the Project 2025 agenda, states would be able to opt out of federal education programs, whose “regulatory burden far exceeds the federal government’s less than 10 percent financing share of K–12 education,” the document asserts.

States would also have full authority to decide how to spend Title I funds, which currently go to schools with large populations of low-income students.

Under the Project 2025 plan, those funds would first flow to states as “no-strings-attached” block grants before they’re phased out in a decade. Parents of students attending Title I schools could even have access to the federal funds in “micro-education savings accounts” to pay for private education or supplemental services for their kids. The plan outlines similar ambitions for funds distributed under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, the nation’s special education law, though it doesn’t propose phasing them out.

“The future of education freedom and reform in the states is bright and will shine brighter when regulations and red tape from Washington are eliminated,” the document reads.

Rick Hess, director of Education Policy Studies at the right-leaning American Enterprise Institute, said he’s sympathetic to the goal of reducing administrative requirements that accompany federal programs, but he hasn’t seen evidence that there’s enough support among congressional Republicans to end or radically transform Title I or IDEA.

( House Republicans approved a budget last year that would cut Title I by 80 percent , but that plan was bound to fail with Democrats in charge of the Senate and White House.)

“It is picking a fight where you risk getting portrayed as insensitive to the needs of low-income kids [and] kids with special needs,” Hess said. “I’m not sure that the ratio of the bad publicity you risk to the likelihood of winning winds up paying off in the end.”

President Joe Biden delivers remarks on lowering prices for American families during an event at the YMCA Allard Center on March 11, 2024, in Goffstown, N.H.

While school districts would welcome less paperwork, “our members would not want reduced administrative burden to come at this cost. This is too high of a cost,” said Noelle Ellerson Ng, associate executive director for advocacy and governance at AASA, The School Superintendents Association.

Project 2025 is “well packaged, but their ends aren’t focused on student learning and attainment. They are driven first by a focus on reducing the size of government and reducing spending,” she said.

Title I and IDEA are the federal government’s primary mechanisms to ensure that schools that can’t raise much revenue from local property taxes have at least a baseline level of resources, said Katherine Dunn, who runs the Opportunity to Learn program for the Advancement Project, a national civil rights organization.

So, allowing those funds to flow to parents via savings accounts “really does move toward this idea that education is a personal good” rather than “a collective value,” she said.

Relocating programs across government

With its vision of eliminating the Education Department , Project 2025 proposes moving existing education programs to other federal agencies.

IDEA would become the purview of the administration for community living within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Title I would transfer to DHHS’ administration for children and families before it’s ultimately phased out. The National Center for Education Statistics—the main data collection arm of the education department—would become part of the U.S. Census Bureau.

The department’s office for civil rights—which investigates potential civil rights violations in schools—would move to the Justice Department and would only be able to enforce civil rights laws through litigation, ending its common practice of negotiating settlements with school districts to change their practices.

Kevin Roberts, president of The Heritage Foundation, speaks before Republican presidential candidate former President Donald Trump at the National Religious Broadcasters convention at the Gaylord Opryland Resort and Convention Center on Feb. 22, 2024, in Nashville, Tenn.

The office would also have to drop pending investigations under Title IX, the federal law prohibiting sex discrimination, into allegations of discrimination based on students’ or employees’ sexual orientation or gender identity. In addition, the office would stop opening new Title IX investigations based on sexual orientation and gender identity discrimination.

(The Biden administration has said it considers sex discrimination to include sexual orientation and gender identity, and has proposed—but continually delayed—rules that would make that definition part of federal regulations. Project 2025 proposes reverting to Title IX rules developed in the first Trump administration.)

The civil rights office would also stop investigating schools for “disparate impact” in school discipline —the idea that school discipline policies that disproportionately affect students in one racial or ethnic group might violate federal law, even if those policies are neutral on their face and applied evenhandedly.

A blue, monochromatic illustration shows an empty classroom chair in front of a chalkboard.

“Unfortunately, federal overreach has pushed many school leaders to prioritize the pursuit of racial parity in school discipline indicators—such as detentions, suspensions, and expulsions—over student safety,” the Project 2025 Education Department document reads.

Eliminating disparate impact as the basis for civil rights investigations removes the only avenue available for people to challenge school policies whose impact might be racially discriminatory, said Dunn of the Advancement Project, who was previously a lawyer in the Education Department’s office for civil rights.

“You don’t address racism that happens in our schools just through these individual different treatment investigations, although those are critically important as well,” she said, referring to probes into allegations of individual discrimination.

Further, moving OCR to the Justice Department endangers a source of technical assistance to school districts, Dunn said.

“It’s staffed by people who deal with the application of civil rights laws in schools day to day,” she said. “They’re ... really thinking about remedies that make sense in the context of education.”

What a new administration can do without Congress

Many of the topline K-12 priorities outlined in Project 2025—such as eliminating the Department of Education, using federal funds to expand school choice, and passing a federal parents’ bill of rights similar to those passed in a number of Republican-led states —would require congressional approval, making them a heavy lift.

Other changes could happen with executive action alone. Those include:

  • Stopping the Biden administration’s rulemaking to assert that Title IX bans sexual orientation and gender identity discrimination, and halting enforcement of the new rule if it’s been completed by next year;
  • Limiting the scope of new and pending civil rights office investigations;
  • Rescinding an Obama-era regulation that requires some districts to use a portion of their IDEA funds to address the root causes of racial disparities in students identified for special education ; and
  • Rolling back a 2022 Biden administration regulation that added requirements for new charter schools seeking federal startup funds.

Project 2025 is a sign that Republicans, once they’ve returned to power, intend to use the tools of the executive branch more deliberately to achieve their education goals, said Hess, who is a regular Education Week Opinion contributor.

Traditionally, he said, that’s something Democratic presidents have done better than Republicans, who tend to “hit the pause button” on Democratic changes rather than aggressively pursue their own.

The Project 2025 approach “is kind of new,” he said. “And that’s probably a consequence, because even folks that used to be regarded as mainstream, kind of measured conservatives 10 or 20 years ago, they’ve gotten so frustrated by what feels like a rigged game they’ve been radicalized.”

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Project 2025 Publishes Comprehensive Policy Guide, ‘Mandate for Leadership: The Conservative Promise’

Apr 21, 2023 20 min read

WASHINGTON — With the goal of shaping policy decisions among presidential candidates , t he 2025 Presidential Transition Project announced the publication of the ninth edition of “ Mandate for Leadership: The Conservative Promise . ” It’s the earliest publication of “Mandate” ever—months before candidates square off in the first presidential primary debate.

A comprehensive policy guide for the next conservative U.S. president, the book pulls from the expertise of hundreds of political appointees , policy scholars, and conservative leaders across the conservative movement. The book builds upon the legacy of the 1981 edition of “Mandate for Leadership,” which appeared on T he Washington Post’s paperback bestseller list .

“ Mandate for Leadership: The Conservative Promise ” offer s both specific p ro posals for addressing every major issue facing the country and a blueprint for how to restructure each agency to solve those issues.

Among the recommendations in this edition:

  • Restore the integrity of the Department of Justice to ensure accountability by giving the F BI a hard rest, ensuring consistent litigation decisions, and enforcing immigration laws.
  • Solidify our border by restructuring the Department of Homeland Security and its priorities in ways that streamline the immigration process, end unclear immigration visas , and create a more secure immigration process.
  • Break up the Department of Education to strengthen education freedom, enhance parental rights in education , and protect taxpaye r s from student loan “forgive ness . ”

“ Mandate for Leadership: The Conservative Promise ” features 3 0 chapters spanning all aspects of the federal government. E ditors Paul Dans, director of Project 2025, and Steven Groves, the Margaret Thatcher f ellow at Heritage, worked with more than 35 primary authors and hundreds of contributors to assemble the 900-page book , which will be distributed Friday at Heritage ’s two-day Leadership Summit in National Harbor , Maryland .

Heritage President Dr. Kevin Roberts released the following statement Friday praising the publication :

“For over two years, the Left has ignored the voice of everyday Americans leading to crip p ling inflation, biological males dominating women’s sports, rampant violence, and a crisis in education not seen in decades. Our country is all but unrecognizable.

“This is why the conservative movement is coming together to prepare for the next conservative administration. Heritage is convening the conservative movement behind the policies to ensure that the next president has the right policy and personnel necessary to dismantle the administrative state and r estor e self-governance to the American people .

“ ‘ The Conservative Prom ise ’ is just the first step in preparing future conservative leaders for the task of serving their country, and it will continue to guide the movement-wide coalition. We know what time it is; the conservative movement is on offense to restore our great nation. ”

Since the first edition of “Mandate for Leadership” more than 40 years ago, this “policy bible” aims to provide administrations with a blueprint of policy solutions. The Reagan administration implemented nearly half of the ideas included in the first edition by the end of his first year in office, while the Trump administration embraced nearly 64% of the 2016 edition’s policy solutions after one year.

The following is a list of the 30 chapters and authors for each.

Chapter 1: White House Office, Rick Dearborn Chapter 2: Executive Office of the President of the United States, Russ Vought Chapter 3: Central Personnel Agencies: Donald Devine, Dennis Dean Kirk, and Paul Dans Chapter 4: Department of Defense, Christopher Miller Chapter 5: Department of Homeland Security, Ken Cuccinelli Chapter 6: Department of State, Kiron K. Skinner Chapter 7: Intelligence Community, Dustin J. Carmack Chapter 8: U.S. Agency for Global Media, Mora Namdar; Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Mike Gonzalez Chapter 9: Agency for International Development, Max Primorac Chapter 10: Department of Agriculture, Daren Bakst Chapter 11: Department of Education, Lindsey M. Burke Chapter 12: Department of Energy and Related Commissions, Bernard L. McNamee Chapter 13: Environmental Protection Agency, Mandy M. Gunasekara Chapter 14: Department of Health and Human Services, Roger Severino Chapter 15: Department of Housing and Urban Development, Benjamin S. Carson, Sr., MD Chapter 16: Department of the Interior, William Perry Pendley Chapter 17: Department of Justice, Gene Hamilton Chapter 18: Department of Labor and Related Agencies, Jonathan Berry Chapter 19: Department of Transportation, Diana Furchtgott-Roth Chapter 20: Department of Veterans Affairs, Brooks D. Tucker Chapter 21: Department of Commerce, Thomas F. Gilman Chapter 22: Department of the Treasury, William L. Walton, Stephen Moore, and David R. Burton Chapter 23: Export-Import Bank, Veronique de Rugy and Jennifer Hazelton Chapter 24: Federal Reserve, Paul Winfree Chapter 25: Small Business Administration, Karen Kerrigan Chapter 26: Trade, Peter Navarro and Kent Lassman Chapter 27: Securities and Exchange Commission, David R. Burton; Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, Robert Bowes Chapter 28: Federal Communications Commission, Brendan Carr Chapter 29: Federal Election Commission, Hans A. von Spakovsky Chapter 30: Federal Trade Commission, Adam Candeub

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  • Education , News , Top 5

Project 2025 Wants to End Public Education As We Know It

project 25 education

  • by Peter Greene
  • | November 20, 2023
"Project 2025 is very clearly on a path to Christian nationalism as well as authoritarianism. It rejects the constitutional separation of church and state, rather privileging religious beliefs over civil laws.” https://t.co/X2lMNIAl53 window.zone_load_1350531988=function(z,d){if(!d.count)document.getElementById('zone_load_1350531988').style.display='none'} — Tracy Mack 🇺🇸🌈🌊💙 (@Tracy_Mack) November 18, 2023
Elementary and secondary education policy should follow the path outlined by Milton Friedman in 1955, wherein education is publicly funded but education decisions are made by families.
This week on The Signal, @cmychalejko speaks with @BisforBerkshire , co-author of A Wolf at the Schoolhouse Door: The Dismantling of Public Education and the Future of School, about the Right's long war on public education & how to fight back! https://t.co/CTHzYrTFH1 — BucksCountyBeacon (@BucksCoBeacon) April 19, 2023
Bolstered by an ever-growing cabal of special interests that thrive off federal largesse, the infrastructure that supports America’s costly federal intervention in education from early childhood through graduate school has entrenched itself.
Pennsylvania Cyber Charter Owners & Operators Get Rich While Students Receive Poor Education | Taxpayers don’t have a say when it comes to their money funding a largely unregulated & underperforming industry at public schools' expense, writes @palan57 . https://t.co/dGR6ANgwGN — BucksCountyBeacon (@BucksCoBeacon) February 21, 2023
The federal government should confine its involvement in education policy to that of a statistics-gathering agency that disseminates information to the states.
The Merchants of Deception: The Dark Money & Front Groups Behind School Privatization, with @MassPolProfMo | Learn about the right-wing figures, their tactics & the funding behind today’s attack on public education in #BucksCounty & beyond. https://t.co/dWj5WlSUjn — BucksCountyBeacon (@BucksCoBeacon) July 2, 2023
Not as well-known as the Koch Brothers, the arch-conservative Bradley Foundation is building a far-right infrastructure to undermine electoral democracy, dismantle separation of church & state, attack Public Ed & erode workers’ rights, reports @palan57 . https://t.co/hPRGrxmJiQ — BucksCountyBeacon (@BucksCoBeacon) May 18, 2023

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P25 Organizational Overview and Committees

Project 25 organizational overview.

For more than thirty years, Project 25 (P25) has been developing standards to improve public safety land mobile radio (LMR) interoperability. P25 was prompted by issues that public safety agencies had with the incompatibility of trunking systems, as well as secure voice systems, supplied by the major vendors in the 1980’s time frame. With the approach of digital communications and spectrum efficiency driven by the FCC, the public safety community wanted to ensure new public safety emerging technologies were developed under user-driven, interoperable and open standards that would meet their needs as well as FCC requirements.

Major public safety associations banded together to support P25 under a cooperative negotiation process developed by the Association of Public-Safety Communications Officials International, Inc (APCO), which sequentially was numbered Project 25. Following an initial meeting in September 1989, the Project 25 Steering Committee was formed in 1990 in accordance with an agreement among APCO, the National Association of State Technology Directors (NASTD) and agencies of the Federal Government. This agreement is known as the APCO/NASTD/FED agreement.

P25 has four elements of process and organization:

  • The Steering Committee oversees the User Needs Working Group (P25 UNWG) , which is responsible for maintaining the Statement of P25 User Needs . This document replaces the original Project 25 Statement of Requirements (P25 SoR).
  • The APCO P25 Interface Committee (APIC), comprised of users and manufacturers working together in the drafting of interoperable standards
  • Vendor-driven standards development provided by the Telecommunications Industry Association’s TR-8 Engineering Committee (TIA TR-8) .
  • The Project 25 Compliance Assessment Program (P25 CAP) , managed under the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) by the Science & Technology (S&T) Directorate and coordinated by the Office for Interoperability and Compatibility (OIC).

APCO has performed a coordinative role in the P25 program since its inception and served as the project director for nearly two decades. Federal grant support for P25 project management had been provided under the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) until grant support lapsed at the end of the 2010 year. Grant support for the P25 program (minus reimbursement for user travel to TIA/P25 meetings) resumed in the fall of 2014 under the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).  Currently, P25 program support is provided by DHS’ Cybersecurity & Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA).

Committees, Programs & Groups

Project 25 steering committee (p25 sc).

Following an initial meeting in September 1989, the Project 25 Steering Committee was formed in 1990 in accordance with an agreement between the Association of Public-Safety Communications Officials, International (APCO); the National Association of State Technology Directors (NASTD); and agencies of the federal government. This agreement is known as the APCO/NASTD/FED agreement and provided for the creation of APCO/NASTD/FED Project 25.

In 1992, and amended in 1993, the P25 Steering Committee entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA), whereby APCO/NASTD/FED Project 25 agreed to proceed to select common system standards for digital public safety radio communications (the “Standard”) and TIA agreed to provide technical assistance in the development of documentation for the Standard in accordance with TIA’s usual procedures and policies governing standards documentation.

The Project 25 Steering Committee is comprised of four (4) members appointed by APCO, four (4) members appointed by NASTD, five (5) members from various federal agencies that participate in the process, and no more than eight (8) members who represent public safety user organizations that are approved by the steering committee. The committee at its full complement has twenty-one (21) members.

The  P25 Steering Committee bylaws and the P25 Steering Committee Member Handbook provide additional information.

Project 25 User Needs Working Group (P25 UNWG)

In addition to its ad hoc working groups, the P25 Steering Committee has an informal advisory group, the P25 UNWG. The UNWG is subordinate to CISA’s Joint SAFECOM- National Council of Statewide Interoperability Coordinators (NCSWIC) Technology Policy Committee. It provides a forum for education, discussion, and input from a broad range of public safety users and subject matter experts on issues related to the Project 25 Suite of Standards. The UNWG has two co‐chairs; one is a member of NCSWIC, the other a member of SAFECOM. A federal representative from CISA provides administrative support and oversight.

The P25 UNWG is responsible for the development and maintenance of the Statement of Project 25 User Needs (SPUN) document, which superseded the original Project 25 Statement of Requirements (P25 SOR) document in 2020. The SPUN document is a compilation of the features and functionality that have been requested by users to be integrated into standards. The UNWG seeks user input for new features and functionality for possible inclusion into the P25 Standard. Not all features and functionality as defined in the SPUN are fully developed into TIA Standards.

The P25 UNWG consists of both member organizations and observers that participate in P25 UNWG meetings. P25 UNWG meetings may be held face to face, typically during P25/TIA meetings, or by teleconference. Both member organizations and observers participate in P25 UNWG meetings on an equal basis, including the submission of documents for consideration at P25 UNWG meetings. The only difference in membership status is that formally voting on P25 UNWG matters is restricted to voting-eligible member organizations.

A P25 UNWG member organization is defined as a local, county, regional, tribal, state, federal entity or associations interested in Project 25.

A P25 UNWG observer is defined as a participant that does not represent an entity as described above. Observers may include but are not limited to:

  • Representatives of P25 hardware or software companies
  • Individuals that have an interest in the sales and distribution of P25 Equipment P25 test laboratories

APCO Project 25 Interface Committee (APIC)

Project 25 required an interfacing function between the Project 25 Steering Committee and the TIA-TR8 Mobile and Personal Private Radio Standards Committee of TIA. The APCO Project 25 Interface Committee (APIC) was created to fulfill this need. APIC is an ad hoc committee of the Private Radio Section (PRS) in the Wireless Communication Division (WCD) of the TIA.

The APIC committee and taskgroup membership is voluntary, free and open to any industry member organization, public safety user or interested parties willing to participate.

Membership is composed of one voting representative from every organization participating in the process. Users are requested to accurately define their needs and requirements. Industry identifies and presents technologies as possible solutions to the user’s requirements.

The APIC taskgroups are not standard formulating groups. The APIC taskgroups do develop documents that are reviewed by users and industry representatives, decisions based on consensus. The APIC document may look like a document from a standard formulating group, but APIC documents are not standards formulating documents. This ‘look-alike’ document development is a strategy so that when the draft document is moved to TIA for formulation into a standard, re-writes to the document are minimized. This interaction between user and industry provides for an iterative process as the proposed feature is detailed with written messages, procedures, and diagrams. Once the taskgroup has completed their work, the work product is provided to the corresponding TIA engineering sub-committee for formulation into a standard according to ANSI approved processes.

TIA-TR8 Engineering Committees

Engineering Committee TR-8 formulates and maintains standards for private radio communications systems and equipment for both voice and data applications. The TR-8 Committee addresses all technical matters for systems and services, including definitions, interoperability, compatibility and compliance requirements.

Much of the TR-8 Committee work relates to the formulation of TIA-102 Series standards for Project 25. Project 25 standards are developed to provide digital voice and data communications systems for public safety applications. The TR-8 committee is also responsible for the formulation of TIA-603 Series standards for analog FM systems, standards for portable radios operating in hazardous locations, TSB-88 wireless coverage guidelines for LMR and broadband systems and TIA-329 standards for communications antennas.

The TIA-TR8 engineering committee has 14 sub-committees; each focusing on a specific aspect of radio communications.

TIA-TR8 offers a unique service for public safety users and their agencies. A public safety user can request a copy of any TIA-102 standard free of charge. A TIA web page, P25 Downloads for Government Entities , describes how to request the TIA-102 standard that might be of interest. There are many published TIA-102 standard documents . A good introductory document is the “TSB-102 Project 25 TIA-102 Documentation Suite Overview”. This document provides a detailed overview (over 100 pages) of the P25/TIA-102 Standards with feature descriptions. This document also provides the titles and a short summary of all the TIA-102 Standard documents.

Project 25 Compliance Assessment Program (P25 CAP)

Project 25 (P25) develops standards for interoperable land mobile radio (LMR) systems so emergency responders can exchange critical communications across agencies and jurisdictions. P25 standardizes interfaces between the various components of the LMR systems emergency responders’ use.

Congress legislated the  P25 Compliance Assessment Program (P25 CAP)  to ensure LMR equipment complies with P25 standards for interoperability across suppliers. The P25 CAP is a partnership of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s Office for Interoperability and Compatibility, P25 manufacturers, and public safety users of P25 technology.

The P25 CAP is a voluntary testing program for P25 manufacturers. P25 CAP develops  Compliance Assessment Bulletins (CAB ) that outline specific test cases for P25 equipment. These test cases are taken from published TIA-102 Standards. P25 CAP testing must be performed by an accredited test lab that has been assessed for P25 equipment testing. The P25 equipment manufacturers submit the test case results to DHS OIC for review and posting on the DHS P25 CAP website as Approved (Grant Eligible) Equipment .

Many federal grant programs strongly encourage the purchase of P25 CAP compliant equipment. Details about grants can be found in the SAFECOM Grant Guidance document that is published each year. References to P25 CAP equipment can be found throughout the grant guidance document. In addition, numerous state and local agencies have required in their procurement documents for new system and/or subscriber (user) equipment that equipment submitted for consideration be listed on the Approved (Grant Eligible) Equipment list.

Project 25 Technology Interest Group (PTIG)

The Project 25 Technology Interest Group (PTIG)  is a group of individuals and organizations who share the mutual interest of advancing the refinement, development, deployment, and applications of the digital communications technology represented by Project 25 industry standards.

PTIG is an independent, non-profit organization dedicated to the advancement of the P25 Suite of Standards and associated products and services. PTIG members include two-way radio communications experts, public safety professionals, and equipment manufacturers. PTIG members recognize the need for, and have a direct stake in, the continued development of the critical communications capabilities represented in the P25 standards.

The PTIG website offers many technical resources and documents, including the current P25 Steering Committee Approved List of Standards , the PTIG ‘ Capabilities Guide ’, P25 frequently asked questions , white papers, informative videos and more.

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What is Project 2025 and its implications for Black people?

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Historically, just before the implementation of some of the world’s most horrendous acts against humanity, there have been what theologians call “prophets of doom,” individuals who warn of coming injustices in hopes of rallying people to stop impending atrocities before they start.

Also, historically, these “town criers” are most often ignored and brushed off as crazy for suggesting things could get as bad as they predict.

Tamani Mwandani, founder of 3 Levels Edutainment (3LE), is one such soul tasked with sounding the alarm about what he sees as doom on the horizon for Black people and America via Project 2025, the Republican Party’s 900-plus-page “Presidential Transition Project.”

Mwandani hopes he’s not ignored. And on one level, he’s not. There are several people nationally and globally sounding the alarm about Project 2025 and its goal to overthrow U.S. democracy. However, nationally and locally, there’s very little Black barbershop buzz or social media chatter about Project 2025, and according to Mwandani, even less of an understanding of the project’s negative implications for Blackworld.

“Not since the presidency of Ronald Reagan and his ‘trickle-down economics,’ ‘welfare queens,’ the flooding of Black communities with crack cocaine, which was extremely detrimental and harmful to the forward progress of Black people, have Black, Brown and grassroots communities faced a greater threat than that of Project 2025,” said Mwandani, whose organization is hosting a multi-weekend community gathering (June 9 and June 23) to break down Project 2025 and its most dangerous goals.

What exactly is Project 2025

Essentially, Project 2025 is the Republican Party’s plan to remake or dismantle the entire federal government in the image of neo-conservative, white evangelical “Christians” who believe in the superiority of whites, the inherent inferiority and criminality of Blacks and the idea that these white “Christian” soldiers are called by God to save America from people of color, immigrants, women and “the woke.”

“Project 202, based on the Unitary Executive Theory that asserts the president has absolute power over the Executive Branch and its 15 national departments, aims to eliminate, overhaul and/or restructure the U.S. government into a ‘Christian’ nationalist governing body which is guaranteed to negatively affect the lives of millions of Black, Brown and poor grassroots people,” said Mwandani.

“It’s talking about ending democracy and creating a monarchy or dictator-style government.”

The Democratic National Committee (DNC) Rapid Response Director Alex Floyd said this in a statement about Project 2025:

“Donald Trump is running on the extreme and unpopular Project 2025 agenda, plain and simple – and there is nothing Trump or his allies can say to distance themselves from this losing platform. Project 2025 is being run by Trump allies, modeled after Trump’s words, and designed to allow Trump to enact his dangerous agenda to be a ‘dictator on day one.’ The truth is, Trump will have nobody to blame but himself – and his out-of-touch MAGA allies like the Heritage Foundation – when the American people make him a loser again this November.”

Politico said this: “Many of the authors of the blueprint are former Trump officials, and the Heritage Foundation has spent the past year-plus recruiting people to implement the plans within the administration. So they don’t just have a long, sprawling policy document, they also have a growing list of staff who are being tested to see if they are loyal to Trump and if they are willing to administer this in his potential administration.”

One big concern from multiple Democrats and Republicans who see Trump and Project 2025 as direct assaults against American Democracy is that while ultra-conservative groups like the Heritage Foundation have put forward conservative policy proposals consistently in the past, Project 2025 is distinct in that it’s so comprehensive and far-reaching.

According to Mwandani, Project 2025 is nine years in the making.

“From June 19, 1865 to now, 159 years later, the lives of Black people are still being determined by the agendas of those in power. Everything that happened to Black people before we got the news that we were ‘free’ on June 19, 1865 was public policy which means it was the political agenda of others. In 2024, we’re now facing yet another assault on our day-to-day lives per the agenda of others who are not only very serious, but very organized in their goals to reshape America,” stated Mwandani.

The Week wrote this: “Former Trump staffers involved with Project 2025 include former White House chief of staff Mark Meadows and Trump’s former senior adviser Stephen Miller, the latter of whom has been described as a white nationalist. However, as New York Magazine said, many of Trump’s indicated plans for a second term fall in line with the Project 2025 outline. This includes giving the president unchecked power over federal agencies and the total ability to bypass Congress. He has also pledged to appoint a special prosecutor to go after the Biden family and other political opponents, as well as the installation of loyalists throughout the government.”

Project 2025 has also been described as a government=in-waiting, with a nearly 1,000-page “Project 2025” handbook and an “army” of Americans with a white nationalist-leaning civic infrastructure already in place on Day One of the next Trump presidency to commandeer, reshape and do away with what Republicans deride as the “deep state” bureaucracy, in part by firing as many as 50,000 federal workers.

“We need to flood the zone with conservatives,” said Paul Dans, director of the 2025 Presidential Transition Project and a former Trump administration official.

“This is a clarion call to come to Washington. People need to lay down their tools, and step aside from their professional life and say, ‘This is my lifetime moment to serve,’” added Dans, sounding like a call-to-arms to go to war with those Project 2025 and Trump supporters deem to be their enemies – Biden, Democrats, Blacks, Hispanics, immigrants, LGBTQ+ individuals and groups, university professors, scientists, Muslims or any individuals or entities practicing faiths other than white evangelical “Christianity.” 

Central to this charge is the participation of far-right, ultra-conservative, anti-Black organizations, many of which are new to national politics, though some have been participating for decades. Also different is the focus of Republicans who once preached small government and limited government ”intrusion” into the lives of Americans. With Project 2025, these same “small government” disciples are promoting a plan that will call for the biggest intrusion of government into the lives of Americans in U.S. history.

Most dangerous aspects

Here are just some of the many disturbing and dangerous aspects of Project 2025:

· Advises the future president to immediately deploy the military for domestic law enforcement and to direct the DOJ to pursue Trump’s adversaries by invoking the Insurrection Act of 1807.

· Recommends the arrest, detention and deportation of undocumented immigrants across the country. The Project promotes capital punishment and the speedy “finality” of such sentences

· Urges the government to explicitly reject abortion as health care and to restrict access to contraception.

· Proposes removing protections against discrimination based on sexual or gender identity and terminating diversity, equity and inclusion (DEI) programs as well as affirmative action.

· Recommends abolishing the Department of Education, whose programs would be either transferred to other government agencies or terminated. Scientific research would only receive federal funding if it suits white conservative principles.

· Proposes slashing funding for the Department of Justice, dismantling the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS)

· Proposes sharply reducing environmental and climate change regulations to favor fossil fuel production, eliminating the Department of Commerce and ending the independence of various federal agencies such as the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and the Federal Trade Commission (FTC)

Project director Paul Dans, a former Trump administration official, explained that Project 2025 is “systematically preparing to march into office and bring a new army of aligned, trained and essentially weaponized conservatives ready to do battle against the deep state.”

“Deep state” is a term used by neo-conservatives to describe any individual, governmental entity or laws and policies that block them from dismantling rights for Blacks, Hispanics, women, LGBTQ+, immigrants, etc., suppressing votes, eliminating environmental protections and regulations and freeing wealthy individuals and corporations from having to pay taxes.

What’s the call to action

One of the main calls to action issued across the country by those who fear that Project 2025 will bring an end to American democracy, allow Trump to criminalize and attack any individual or organization he doesn’t like, and allow him to remain in office for life, is to use the power of the vote. 

“When the Supreme Court has been rigged in alt-white conservatives’ favor, and Washington is gridlocked, voting is literally our last defense; democracy’s last defense,” said African American Studies Professor Thomas Allen.

Mwandani has issued calls and invitations for university professors, Black business owners, activists and grassroots organizations to attend a pair of upcoming events aimed at educating Houston’s Black community about Project 2025, and what can be done to stop its implementation.

“The Political Chess Game for Power: From Juneteenth to Project 2025” is the name of the 3LE-sponsored pair of events. The first, on Sun., June 9 will feature a Project 2025 panel discussion. The second event (June 23) will feature a film festival and discussion. Both Days will offer sessions of solutions to challenges identified, service providers, vendors, food trucks and talent competitions for adults and youth.

Both events will be held from 9:30 a.m. to 6 p.m. at World Harvest Outreach, 10800 Scott St, 77047.

MORE FROM THE DEFENDER

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Aswad Walker Associate Editor

I'm originally from Cincinnati. I'm a husband and father to six children. I'm an associate pastor for the Shrine of Black Madonna (Houston). I am a lecturer (adjunct professor) in the University of Houston... More by Aswad Walker

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Ofsted – Project 25 Team receives high praise!

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The Changing Education Team is extremely proud of Craig Blount and our Project 25 team for the dedication and commitment they have shown during lockdown to ensure students experience work-related learning as a key component of a vocational career pathway.

Ofsted Inspection Feedback “Adelaide Heath Academy”.

“You have been successful in overcoming the impact of the pandemic on pupils??? work placements. Weekly virtual sessions, with a visiting expert, mean that pupils in Year 10 and Year 11 have continued to gain experience of the world of work. These pupils are well informed about their career choices. The pupils that we spoke to talked confidently about their future goals.”

Adelaide Trust Careers Lead Feedback

“I am Careers Lead at Adelaide School and I have personally worked with Changing Education for the last 3 years although they have worked with the school for longer than that.?? As a SEMH school, our pupils do not follow the traditional mainstream route of 2 weeks block WEX placement, we aim to offer all our pupils a day a week on WEX for 2 years and we follow the P.25 Changing Education programme. All our pupils receive Initial assessments from Changing Education, these are usually done in person however due to covid they adapted and also offered these virtually. Our Year 11 have a review at the start of the year.?? Once a suitable placement has been found (Changing Education arrange all of this and cover risk assessments etc) and the placement has started Changing Education check daily attendance in the morning so any non-attendance/safeguarding can be dealt with asap. Pupils’ progress on the placements is reviewed with them and the employer and targets are set, and they get certificates for placements.

I can honestly say that they have gone above and beyond for us, we have one key link from Changing Education that works with our school (Across our Trust now) and he is amazing. he helps with parents’ evenings, contributes to newsletters, visits pupils on placement, and sends us photos and quotes, he is great.

During lockdown, they adapted straight away and as most of our pupils were then unable to go out on placement we switched to virtual careers lessons which have gone really well. We have started the VWEX as part of those lessons this week across our Trust.

If you would like to have a look at the careers section on our website:??https://www.adelaideschool.net/Careers/Careers-Education/??you will see a lot of information about the work that we do with Changing Education and on our Career paths page which I have just started building you will see that 2 members of Changing Education staff have contributed to that as well.”

Nerys Steventon (Careers Lead – The Adelaide Trust)

What is PROJECT 25 Traineeship Provision (Extended Work Placement)? click this link to find out more.

Thought Leader Article – Work Placements ???Lessons learned, thanks to Covid??? Author: Craig Blount – Project 25 Manager ( click this link to read the article)

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ABOUT 25 PROJECT

Faith Takes Action. Love Steps In. Hope Transforms.

YOUR PERSONAL INVESTMENT IN THE LIFE OF A VULNERABLE CHILD WILL FOREVER IMPACT THEIR FUTURE.

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THE NEEDY. THE OVERLOOKED. THE MARGINALIZED. JESUS IDENTIFIED WITH THE SUFFERING. HE ENTERED INTO THEIR PAIN TO BRING LOVE, HOPE, AND WHOLENESS.

Matthew 25:31-46  reminds believers to join Jesus in this ministry by stepping into the lives of the helpless with compassion and humility. In this, Christ’s Kingdom is made known to the world – where the outsider is welcomed in, the sick is made whole, and where the orphan finds a home.

Inspired by Matthew 25, the 25 Project partners with the Body of Christ to empower vulnerable children around the world with the hope of the Gospel, loving community, and the tools they need to grow and thrive.

Learn More About 25 Project:

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OUR APPROACH TO MINISTRY

The 25 Project partners with trusted ministry leaders around the world to care for and disciple vulnerable children in their own communities. In each ministry location, we serve vulnerable children by…

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1. proclaiming the hope of the gospel

Lives that have been broken, exploited, and wounded find healing, wholeness, and salvation when Jesus enters in. Relationship with Him is personal and powerful, and He offers an abundance of life that is better than wealth and greater than social status. Life in Him is life to the fullest. This is the hope we proclaim to vulnerable children and families all over the world.

The 25 Project offers weekly gatherings for the children in each ministry location, where they can hear the hope of the Gospel for their lives, share each other’s burdens, and receive Biblical counseling and mentorship.

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2. providing a loving community

Vulnerable children who come from desperate circumstances are often in need of basic necessities like food, shelter, clothing, and medical care. Many of the children we serve have experienced abuse, neglect, and trauma. They need a loving community they can trust and rely on.

The 25 Project welcomes each child into a loving place to belong, where they can be known personally, cared for, and mentored. This is the healing vulnerable children need to thrive again, both physically and emotionally.

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3. empowering children with tools to thrive

What often stands between a vulnerable child and a life outside of poverty is the wall of education. For many children, it feels like a barrier they are unable to climb due to a lack of finances, ability, or the pressure or need to earn money. The 25 Project helps break down the barriers to education each unique child is facing, so that they can fulfill their God-given potential. 

With your partnership, each child’s education is a long-term investment. The 25 Project supports children in their education from preschool all the way to university or trade school. Many children now have access to a better future for themselves and their families.

FURTHER EXPLORATION:

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what makes a child vulnerable?

Vulnerable children are those whose safety, emotional well-being, and/or development are at significant risk due to poverty, abuse, social inequality, or the loss or abandonment of their caretakers.

WHAT IS IT LIKE TO BE A VULNERABLE CHILD?

Vulnerable children grow up with consistent feelings of fear, shame, and powerlessness.

Being a vulnerable child might mean you feel unsafe within your own home. You may find it difficult to trust others and build healthy relationships with family or friends.

To be a vulnerable child is to feel deep shame and rejection because of your state of homelessness, or your parent’s poverty or social status. You struggle to believe you are valuable and worthy of love. 

Vulnerable children are often stuck in difficult circumstances. As a vulnerable child, if you go to school at all, you often go hungry, making it difficult to learn or connect with other children. You may skip school often to help your struggling family earn money.

So often, to be a vulnerable child means to struggle to find hope for the future.

project 25 education

“Then the King will say to those on his right, ‘Come, you who are blessed by my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world. For I was hungry and you gave me food, I was thirsty and you gave me drink, I was a stranger and you welcomed me, I was naked and you clothed me, I was sick and you visited me, I was in prison and you came to me.’

Then the righteous will answer him, saying, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry and feed you, or thirsty and give you drink? And when did we see you a stranger and welcome you, or naked and clothe you? And when did we see you sick or in prison and visit you?’ And the King will answer them, ‘Truly, I say to you, as you did it to one of the least of these my brothers, you did it to me.’”

MATT 25:34-40

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Education Rankings by Country 2024

There is a correlation between a country's educational system quality and its economic status, with developed nations offering higher quality education.

The U.S., despite ranking high in educational system surveys, falls behind in math and science scores compared to many other countries.

Educational system adequacy varies globally, with some countries struggling due to internal conflicts, economic challenges, or underfunded programs.

While education levels vary from country to country, there is a clear correlation between the quality of a country's educational system and its general economic status and overall well-being. In general, developing nations tend to offer their citizens a higher quality of education than the least developed nations do, and fully developed nations offer the best quality of education of all. Education is clearly a vital contributor to any country's overall health.

According to the Global Partnership for Education , education is considered to be a human right and plays a crucial role in human, social, and economic development . Education promotes gender equality, fosters peace, and increases a person's chances of having more and better life and career opportunities.

"Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world." — Nelson Mandela

The annual Best Countries Report , conducted by US News and World Report, BAV Group, and the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania , reserves an entire section for education. The report surveys thousands of people across 78 countries, then ranks those countries based upon the survey's responses. The education portion of the survey compiles scores from three equally-weighted attributes: a well-developed public education system, would consider attending university there, and provides top-quality education. As of 2023, the top ten countries based on education rankings are:

Countries with the Best Educational Systems - 2021 Best Countries Report*

Ironically, despite the United States having the best-surveyed education system on the globe, U.S students consistently score lower in math and science than students from many other countries. According to a Business Insider report in 2018, the U.S. ranked 38th in math scores and 24th in science. Discussions about why the United States' education rankings have fallen by international standards over the past three decades frequently point out that government spending on education has failed to keep up with inflation.

It's also worthwhile to note that while the Best Countries study is certainly respectable, other studies use different methodologies or emphasize different criteria, which often leads to different results. For example, the Global Citizens for Human Rights' annual study measures ten levels of education from early childhood enrollment rates to adult literacy. Its final 2020 rankings look a bit different:

Education Rates of Children Around the World

Most findings and ranking regarding education worldwide involve adult literacy rates and levels of education completed. However, some studies look at current students and their abilities in different subjects.

One of the most-reviewed studies regarding education around the world involved 470,000 fifteen-year-old students. Each student was administered tests in math, science, and reading similar to the SAT or ACT exams (standardized tests used for college admissions in the U.S.) These exam scores were later compiled to determine each country's average score for each of the three subjects. Based on this study, China received the highest scores , followed by Korea, Finland , Hong Kong , Singapore , Canada , New Zealand , Japan , Australia and the Netherlands .

On the down side, there are many nations whose educational systems are considered inadequate. This could be due to internal conflict, economic problems, or underfunded programs. The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization's Education for All Global Monitoring Report ranks the following countries as having the world's worst educational systems:

Countries with the Lowest Adult Literacy Rates

  • Education rankings are sourced from both the annual UN News Best Countries report and the nonprofit organization World Top 20

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Which country ranks first in education?

Which country ranks last in education, frequently asked questions.

  • Best Countries for Education - 2023 - US News
  • Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above) - World Bank
  • World Best Education Systems - Global Citizens for Human Rights
  • UNESCO - Global Education Monitoring Reports
  • World’s 10 Worst Countries for Education - Global Citizen
  • International Education Database - World Top 20

BEdA Handbook 2024 Track D: Curriculum Assessment: Being Culturally Responsive

Educators have the incredible capacity to transform how students experience the world. By embracing culturally responsive curriculum and instruction, we can move beyond a legacy built on white supremacy and marginalization.

It's time to break free from outdated systems. Culturally responsive practices allow us to:

  • Deepen student engagement and achievement : Curriculum that reflects diverse perspectives ignites curiosity and fosters deeper understanding.
  • Champion equity and inclusion : Every student deserves to see themselves reflected in their education.
  • Elevate teaching practice : Culturally responsive methods empower us to be more effective educators.
  • Cultivate a positive learning environment : When all voices are valued, the classroom thrives.

Join us as we explore how to assess our curriculum and instruction for cultural responsiveness. Together, we can create a learning experience that is culturally sustaining for all students, empowering them to reach their full potential.

Disrupting Single Stories: Centering Student Voices and Agency, 7/24/24 from 9-10:30 a.m.

This session addresses culturally sustaining pedagogy and anti-racist practices to create spaces for our students to own their narratives and agency as they develop English language skills. Participants will discuss and walk away with lessons, resources, and activities that center students’ voice and agency.

This session will benefit faculty interested in an in-depth reflective and collaborative experience to transform their practice and create spaces where students can find a place of belonging, community, and liberation beyond the classroom.

Intended Audience: Faculty

Outcomes: Participants will:

  • Discuss the principles of culturally sustaining pedagogy and its impact on students learning.
  • Reflect on the importance of centering students' voices and agency in the ELL classroom.
  • Collaborate in creating a repository of ideas, lessons, activities, and materials that lead students to a place of belonging, community, and agency in and beyond the classroom.

Upping Student Engagement: Project-Based Learning, 7/24/24 from 10:40-12:10 p.m.

improving student engagement and outcomes.  Designed for faculty, whether a seasoned practitioner or new to the classroom, you will receive insights and actionable takeaways.

Discover the powerful transformational power of project-based learning (PBL)as we understand its core principles, offer practical strategies for the classroom (short, one-lesson projects that will engage your students), and give you the resources and tools to implement PBL.

  • Describe Project Based Learning and its supporting research
  • Experience Project Based Learning
  • Brainstorm projects for up to five different topics (digital literacy, civics, health literacy, workplace prep, financial)
  • Develop an outline (or more!) of a project to use in your classroom

Authentic Teaching – Creating a Bridge Between our Core Beliefs and Culturally Responsive Teaching, 7/24/24 from 1:30-3 p.m.

This presentation is for faculty to explore the ways that our beliefs and values naturally underpin culturally responsive teaching and anti-racist pedagogy. Teachers will reflect on their own core beliefs about teaching and how these beliefs can create a bridge that will help guide them to make culturally responsive decisions in the classroom. The presentation will include a practice of mindfulness and creativity by making a small guidebook of beliefs about teaching.

  • Participants will understand the importance of CRT in disrupting educational practices rooted in racism and colonialism
  • Participants will reflect on the ways that their core beliefs can guide the practice of CRT
  • Participants will practice mindfulness through a creative project making a small guidebook about their beliefs on teaching

Against Checking the Box: Flexible Strategies for Practicing Culturally Sustaining Pedagogy, 7/25/24 from 9:30-11:10 a.m.

In this interactive session primarily intended for faculty, participants will explore culturally sustaining pedagogy while discussing how to put this knowledge into practice. This session will emphasize the ongoing process of trying things, seeing how they go, and reflecting – rather than performing perfection. Participants will walk away with a tool they have created to help guide this process of practice for themselves and their work in their specific classrooms.

  • Participants will demonstrate an understanding of the principles of culturally sustaining pedagogy.
  • Participants will identify elements of culturally sustaining pedagogy that they want to practice.
  • Participants will create their own mini-assessment plan to reflect on their work with students as it relates to culturally sustaining pedagogy.

Creating Relevance: A Synectic Journey, 7/25/24 from 1:30-3 p.m.

A session to remember, literally! Participants will experience an engaging strategy that creates meaningful connection to a concept, increasing comprehension and retention. Learn how the intentional use of strategies like this can expand into and deepen complex cognitive skills and improve equitable access for all learners. During the session participants will experience a learner-centered strategy paired with processing time through the educator’s lens, taking a deeper dive into differentiating for learner needs.

Audience: Instructors, Administrators, Program Directors, Curriculum Developers (anyone who would be presenting to groups).

  • Participants will experience authentic learning related to academic content that builds upon personal relevancy and connectedness.
  • Participants will reflect on how to utilize the strategy in their own practice to impact all students.
  • Participants will understand how an intentional approach to targeting high cognitive demand and learner strengths simultaneously fosters meaningful learning.

Page Manager: [email protected] Last Modified: 5/23/24, 1:45 PM

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ACE Releases 2024 Update to Race and Ethnicity in Higher Education Project May 21, 2024

As the diversity of the U.S. population increased, more Hispanic and Latino, Black and African American students have enrolled in undergraduate programs over the last 20 years, according to data outlined in the report. However, completion rates have not risen accordingly—the number of Hispanic or Latino students earning bachelor’s degrees rose about 10 percent from 2002 to 2022, while the rates for white and Asian students grew even faster, widening the existing gaps.

Black or African American students consistently had lower completion rates than those of any other racial and ethnic group. Black or African American, Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, Hispanic or Latino, and American Indian or Alaska Native students earned a larger share of associate degrees and certificates, while bachelor’s degrees are mainly earned by Asian, White, and multiracial students.

“Despite some progress, racial disparities are still alarmingly high, especially in light of the Supreme Court’s decision to end race-conscious admissions,” stated Ted Mitchell, the president of ACE. “This report is timely for everyone involved in higher education—administrators, researchers, policymakers. It allows us to examine the current state of race and ethnicity in higher education and strive to bridge these equity gaps.”

The data also reveal disparities in how students pay for college, with Black or African American undergraduate students borrowing at the highest rates across all sectors and income groups (49.7 percent). Hispanic or Latino and Asian students borrowed at lower-than-average rates. However, Asian students borrowed the highest amount per borrower when including parent loans.

Additionally, the report provides a look at the diversity of faculty and staff across race and ethnicity. In 2021, 69.4 percent of all full-time faculty and 56.2 percent of newly hired full-time faculty were White, compared to Black or African American full-time faculty (6.1 percent) and new full-time faculty (9.3 percent).

“This report is just one of the ways ACE is working to democratize data by creating accessible and actionable insights that empower evidence-inspired decision-making across the postsecondary landscape,” said Hironao Okahana, assistant vice president and executive director of ACE’s Education Futures Lab. “This work bolsters our engagement in the data ecosystem, such as our partnership with the UCLA School of Education and Information Studies, to strengthen and lead the Higher Education Research Institute (HERI ) and the recently announced Global Data Consortium Initiative.”

This status report builds on the findings from preceding publications in the Race and Ethnicity in Higher Education series. It presents 201 indicators drawn from eight data sources, most of which come from the U.S. Department of Education and U.S. Census Bureau. The indicators present a snapshot of the most recent publicly available data, while others depict data over time. 

The Race and Ethnicity in Higher Education: 2024 Status Report was made possible through the generous support of the Mellon Foundation. The accompanying website was generously supported by the Mellon Foundation and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

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Top Education Officials Were Warned of FAFSA Overhaul Hurdles in 2020

Documents obtained by The Times show the department’s troubled FAFSA rollout this year came in spite of early warnings that the project required sustained attention.

People walking near the main entrance of Georgetown University.

By Zach Montague

Reporting from Washington

Long before the Education Department’s overhaul of the federal student aid application fell apart this year, officials who now lead the department were warned of a complex and time-consuming effort and its potential pitfalls in 2020, according to internal emails and documents obtained by The New York Times.

The documents anticipated a demanding timetable that would require the department to closely manage its priorities over several years to revamp the application form in time for students’ fall 2022 applications. The documents were prepared by the department’s staff and circulated among soon-to-be top officials after the 2020 election but before President Biden took office, including James Kvaal, the under secretary of education, and Benjamin Miller, a deputy under secretary.

The revelation that the officials were advised to prepare for an arduous process yet still failed to deliver a working form three years later is likely to add to the intense scrutiny the department has faced over the handling of the project, which threw the college application season into chaos earlier this year.

The documents were all distributed in December 2020, as Congress was about to pass a law requiring the department to overhaul the Free Application for Federal Student Aid, known as FAFSA. The law, which mandated changes that included whittling the unwieldy 108-question form down to a more manageable 36, originally envisioned the new form being ready for students by the fall of 2022.

In the weeks before Mr. Biden was inaugurated, officials overseeing the presidential transition approached the Education Department to take stock of pending challenges as they began to sketch out the new administration’s priorities among federal agencies.

In several instances, members of the transition team were told by the staff at the department’s Federal Student Aid office that the 2022 deadline mandated by Congress was too aggressive. They also warned that overhauling the form and the system used to calculate student aid offers would be a major undertaking that required collaboration with other agencies and deft project management.

“Do you have any issues around the proposals for FAFSA reform that have been floating around the hill that you think are worth flagging in case the permanent team needs it on its radar?” the transition team asked the office in one questionnaire.

“This bill would rebuild the FAFSA and the need analysis formula from the ground up,” the office replied in its written answers, adding, “FSA believes that a more realistic implementation time frame would be the 2024-2025 cycle.”

In another instance, the office advised that even a routine launch of the form incorporating “typical, annual changes” could require at least 15 months, and that getting the form ready by the 2022 deadline would be “next to impossible.”

In light of those warnings, the department sought a one-year extension, which Congress granted in March 2022 to move the deadline to Oct. 1, 2023.

Even with the extra time, however, the Education Department repeatedly fell behind.

A string of errors and last-minute tweaks forced officials to push the release of the simplified form from Oct. 1 to Dec. 31. And even once the new form had launched, a maddening array of bugs affected both applicants and college administrators waiting to receive student aid data.

Current and former officials who worked on the FAFSA simplification once the scale of the problems became clear have said that the department’s leaders often failed to check in on the project along the way, and were overly focused on other priorities such as the Biden administration’s flagship student loan forgiveness plans.

A spokesman for the Education Department said that including the FAFSA form, the agency was forced to work through three major initiatives as mandated by Congress within six months of one another — also endeavoring to restart student loan repayments after the pandemic and approving new student loan servicing contracts. Despite the tight deadlines, the spokesman said, Congress provided the department no new funding.

The documents indicate that although top officials were alerted early on that the law would require substantial action, they were still unable to stave off the troubled rollout this year.

The Government Accountability Office documented concerns about the department’s progress in a report in June , which highlighted questions about management of contractors on the project and called on the department to stay on schedule. The office is also pursuing an investigation of the department’s overall management of the project.

After an agencywide scramble to fix the form this spring , the department has since shifted its attention to reaching out to students who may have been derailed or failed to apply for aid. Since February, the department has allocated $100 million to support students and colleges and bolster applications — nearly 30 percent of the total $336 million it spent on the simplification project.

Since problems with the form came into public view in 2023, Education Secretary Miguel A. Cardona has repeatedly said that the agency’s hands were tied by the congressional deadline, and that the department has done everything in its power to meet its deadlines despite limited resources.

Mr. Cardona has said that the department expects the form to work normally for students applying to college this fall, and that the changes will benefit future applicants.

“FAFSA has been a priority since Day 1 when we got into these positions, and it will continue to be a priority until we deliver for these students,” Mr. Cardona told lawmakers in April.

Zach Montague is based in Washington. He covers breaking news and developments around the district. More about Zach Montague

Inside the Biden Administration

Here’s the latest news and analysis from washington..

War in Ukraine:  President Biden barred Ukraine from firing U.S. weapons into Russia to “avoid World War III.” After a sobering trip to Kyiv, Secretary of State Antony Blinken wants to ease that rule .

Live Nation:  The Justice Department is suing Live Nation Entertainment , the owner of Ticketmaster, asking a court to break up the company over claims it illegally maintained a monopoly in the live entertainment industry.

Relations With Kenya:  During the Kenyan president’s state visit , Biden will designate the East African nation as a “major non-NATO ally.”

Hidden Fees:  Biden’s effort to crack down on “junk fees”  from airlines and credit-card companies is doubling as a war against inflation.

Student Loans:  Biden announced the cancellation of another $7.7 billion in student loans , building on his strategy of chipping away at college debt by tweaking existing programs.

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Modern Day Marine

Marines say no more ‘death by powerpoint’ as corps overhauls education.

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WASHINGTON, D.C. ― Marines and those who teach them will see more direct, problem-solving approaches to how they learn and far less “death by PowerPoint” as the Corps overhauls its education methods .

Decades of lecturers “foot stomping” material for Marines to learn, recall and regurgitate on a test before forgetting most of what they heard is being replaced by “outcomes-based” learning, a method that’s been in use in other fields but only recently brought into military training.

“Instead of teaching them what to think, we’re teaching them how to think,” said Col. Karl Arbogast, director of the policy and standards division at training and education command .

project 25 education

Here’s what’s in the Corps’ new training and education plan

New ranges, tougher swimming. inside the corps' new training blueprint..

Arbogast laid out some of the new methods that the command is using at the center for learning and faculty development while speaking at the Modern Day Marine Expo.

“No more death by PowerPoint,” Arbogast said. “No more ‘sage on the stage’ anymore, it’s the ‘guide on the side.’”

To do that, Lt. Col. Chris Devries, director of the learning and faculty center, is a multiyear process in which the Marines have developed two new military occupational specialties, 0951 and 0952.

The exceptional MOS is in addition to their primary MOS but allows the Marines to quickly identify who among their ranks is qualified to teach using the new methods.

Training for those jobs gives instructors, now called facilitators, an entry-level understanding of how to teach in an outcomes-based learning model.

Devries said the long-term goal is to create two more levels of instructor/facilitator that a Marine could return to in their career, a journeyman level and a master level. Those curricula are still under development.

The new method helps facilitators first learn the technology they’ll need to share material with and guide students. It also teaches them more formal assessment tools so they can gauge how well students are performing.

For the students, they can learn at their own pace. If they grasp the material the group is covering, they’re encouraged to advance in their study, rather than wait for the entire group to master the introductory material.

More responsibility is placed on the students. For example, in a land navigation class, a facilitator might share materials for students to review before class on their own and then immediately jump into working with maps, compasses and protractors on land navigation projects in the next class period, said John deForest, learning and development officer at the center.

That creates more time in the field for those Marines to practice the skills in a realistic setting.

project 25 education

Marines with Marine Medium Tiltrotor Squadron (VMM) 268, Marine Aircraft Group 24, 1st Marine Aircraft Wing, fire M240-B machine guns at the Marine Corps Air Station Kaneohe Bay range, Hawaii, March 5. (Lance Cpl. Tania Guerrero/Marine Corps)

For the infantry Marine course, the school split up the large classroom into squad-sized groups led by a sergeant or staff sergeant, allowing for more individual focus and participation among the students, Arbogast said.

“They have to now prepare activities for the learner to be directly involved in their own learning and then they have to steer and guide the learners correct outcome,” said Timothy Heck, director of the center’s West Coast detachment.

The students are creating products and portfolios of activities in their training instead of simply taking a written test, said Justina Kirkland, a facilitator at the West Coast detachment.

Students are also pushed to discuss problems among themselves and troubleshoot scenarios. The role of the facilitator then is to monitor the conversation and ask probing questions to redirect the group if they get off course, Heck said.

That involves more decision games, decision forcing cases and even wargaming, deForest said.

We “put the student in an active learning experience where they have to grapple with uncertainty, where they have to grapple with the technical skills and the knowledge they need,” deForest said.

That makes the learning more about application than recall, he said.

Todd South has written about crime, courts, government and the military for multiple publications since 2004 and was named a 2014 Pulitzer finalist for a co-written project on witness intimidation. Todd is a Marine veteran of the Iraq War.

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The Unique Burial of a Child of Early Scythian Time at the Cemetery of Saryg-Bulun (Tuva)

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Pages:  379-406

In 1988, the Tuvan Archaeological Expedition (led by M. E. Kilunovskaya and V. A. Semenov) discovered a unique burial of the early Iron Age at Saryg-Bulun in Central Tuva. There are two burial mounds of the Aldy-Bel culture dated by 7th century BC. Within the barrows, which adjoined one another, forming a figure-of-eight, there were discovered 7 burials, from which a representative collection of artifacts was recovered. Burial 5 was the most unique, it was found in a coffin made of a larch trunk, with a tightly closed lid. Due to the preservative properties of larch and lack of air access, the coffin contained a well-preserved mummy of a child with an accompanying set of grave goods. The interred individual retained the skin on his face and had a leather headdress painted with red pigment and a coat, sewn from jerboa fur. The coat was belted with a leather belt with bronze ornaments and buckles. Besides that, a leather quiver with arrows with the shafts decorated with painted ornaments, fully preserved battle pick and a bow were buried in the coffin. Unexpectedly, the full-genomic analysis, showed that the individual was female. This fact opens a new aspect in the study of the social history of the Scythian society and perhaps brings us back to the myth of the Amazons, discussed by Herodotus. Of course, this discovery is unique in its preservation for the Scythian culture of Tuva and requires careful study and conservation.

Keywords: Tuva, Early Iron Age, early Scythian period, Aldy-Bel culture, barrow, burial in the coffin, mummy, full genome sequencing, aDNA

Information about authors: Marina Kilunovskaya (Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation). Candidate of Historical Sciences. Institute for the History of Material Culture of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Dvortsovaya Emb., 18, Saint Petersburg, 191186, Russian Federation E-mail: [email protected] Vladimir Semenov (Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation). Candidate of Historical Sciences. Institute for the History of Material Culture of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Dvortsovaya Emb., 18, Saint Petersburg, 191186, Russian Federation E-mail: [email protected] Varvara Busova  (Moscow, Russian Federation).  (Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation). Institute for the History of Material Culture of the Russian Academy of Sciences.  Dvortsovaya Emb., 18, Saint Petersburg, 191186, Russian Federation E-mail:  [email protected] Kharis Mustafin  (Moscow, Russian Federation). Candidate of Technical Sciences. Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology.  Institutsky Lane, 9, Dolgoprudny, 141701, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation E-mail:  [email protected] Irina Alborova  (Moscow, Russian Federation). Candidate of Biological Sciences. Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology.  Institutsky Lane, 9, Dolgoprudny, 141701, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation E-mail:  [email protected] Alina Matzvai  (Moscow, Russian Federation). Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology.  Institutsky Lane, 9, Dolgoprudny, 141701, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation E-mail:  [email protected]

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