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NEP 2020 And Critical Thinking: A Desired Attribute For Teachers

  • Categories Blog
  • Date May 31, 2022

While teachers are generally seen as the facilitators of knowledge and quality in schools, teachers are often undervalued for their abilities to think critically about difficult topics and foster creative thinking. In this article, you’ll learn how the National Education Policy 2020 initiative is shifting society’s views on teaching to see that teachers are equipped with the necessary skills and attributes needed to succeed.

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Education is the process of learning or acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, morals, and beliefs for full human potential. The NEP lays emphasis on teacher education. How will this be achieved? Minister of Education: The New Education policy strongly emphasizes the criticality of teacher education, hailing the legacy of Acharya Devo Bhava. Teacher education is vital in creating a pool of school teachers that will shape the next generation.

National Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020) has been designed to put the teacher at the center of the fundamental reforms in the education system in India. It is a well-established fact that education is a lifelong process, and the teacher is the most important factor in each citizen’s learning journey. The National Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST) sets out to NEP 2020 aim for equitable access to the highest-quality education for all learners. NPST ensures that all students at all levels of school education are taught by passionate, motivated, highly qualified, professionally trained, and well-equipped teachers.

NEP reforms

NEP 2020 aims to increase the Gross Enrolment Ratio in higher education including vocational education from 26.3% (2018) to 50% by 2035. 3.5 Crore new seats will be added to Higher education institutions. 

NEP 2020 focuses on three pillars: Quality Teacher Education (QTE), Quality in Teaching (Q-in-T) and Quality Assurance (QA) – to ensure continual learning. It has been crafted consistent with the needs of the citizens as a demand for knowledge in society and economy called for a need to acquire new skills on a regular basis.

The National Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST) sets out to NEP 2020 aim for equitable access to the highest-quality education for all learners. NPST ensures that all students at all levels of school education are taught by passionate, motivated, highly qualified, professionally trained, and well- equipped teachers. National Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST) also lays down the conditions of service of teachers and the means by which they will be appointed, transferred, and evaluated. In addition, NPST describe the academic qualifications, professional competence, and non-teaching responsibilities that will ensure teaching excellence in schools.  

Teacher Employement

Teacher Recruitment & Employment

For recruitment in private or government schools the teacher must qualify through TET, give a demonstration class, pass the interview, and have knowledge of local language(s). The NEP 2020 provides –

  • Teacher Eligibility Tests (TETs) will now be extended to cover teachers across all the new stages (Foundational, Preparatory, Middle and Secondary) of school education.
  • For subject teachers, TET as well as NTA test scores in the corresponding subjects will also be considered for recruitment.
  • NEP 2020 promotes the idea of recruiting teachers to a school complex and sharing them across the group of schools to deal with shortage of teachers particularly for music, dance, art, craft, counsellors, coaches, vocational education trainers, classical language teachers, social workers, technical and maintenance staff.
  • The NEP 2020 also encourages school complexes to hire local eminent persons or experts as ‘master instructors’ in various subjects, such as in traditional local arts, vocational crafts, entrepreneurship, agriculture etc to meet the need of teachers to teach the newly introduced classical languages and vocational and skill subjects.

Teaching Career

Teaching Career & Professionalism

The NEP 2020 talks about creating performance standards for teachers clearly spelling out the role of the teacher at different levels of expertise/stage and competencies required for that stage. 

  • By 2022 a set of National Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST) will be created that will determine all aspects of teacher career management, including tenure, continuous professional development efforts, salary increases, promotions, and other recognitions. 
  • NEP 2020 also talks of Teacher audits or Performance Appraisals that will be carried at regular intervals. These standards for performance appraisal will also be formulated. Henceforth, promotions and salary increases will not occur based on the length of tenure or seniority but only based on such appraisal. 
  • School teachers must undergo 50 hours of CPD opportunities every year to keep themselves by attending workshops or online teacher development modules.
  • School Principals too must undergo CPD in modules related to leadership, school management and for implementing competency-based learning.
  • In addition, International pedagogical approaches will be studied by NCERT, identified, and recommended for assimilation into pedagogical practices in India through CPD.

Teacher Employment

Contributing to Teacher Empowerment

Teacher empowerment means investing teachers with the right to participate in determining school goals and policies and to exercise professional judgment about what and how to teach. (Bolin, 1989) When teachers are engaged in the reform process, they need freedom and control over their own work. This makes them feel empowered, motivates them to work harder, and enhances their commitment to their learners.

  • Recognizing the contribution teachers can make in reforming pedagogy to improve the learning outcomes, the NEP 2020 gives Teachers autonomy in selecting appropriate pedagogy and encourages them to also ensure socio-emotional learning of their students, which is a critical aspect of holistic development.
  • Innovative teaching methods adopted by teachers to improve the learning outcomes will be recognized, documented, and shared widely as recommended practices.
  •  Close collaboration is recommended among schools within a School Complex as it will reduce teacher isolation experienced by teachers working in smaller schools and create vibrant teacher communities that work collaboratively sharing their best teaching practices.
  • To help schools and school complexes evolve into vibrant, caring, and inclusive communities of teachers, students, parents, and principals, the School management has been directed to ensure adequate and safe infrastructure, basic amenities and hygiene, computing devices, internet, libraries, and sports and recreational resources to all teachers and students.

New Education Policy 2020 Key Benefits

NEP 2020 is a step towards achieving the following national learning outcomes, recognizing & identifying the unique capabilities of the child:

  • Teachers and faculty as the heart of the learning process
  • Respect for diversity and local context in all curriculum, pedagogy, and policy
  • Equity and inclusion as the cornerstone of all decisions
  • Community participation 
  • Use of technology in teaching and learning 
  • Achieving Foundational Literacy and Numeracy by all students by 

No hard separations between arts and sciences, between curricula and co-curricular activities, between vocational and academic streams, Ethics and human & Constitutional values Promoting multilingualism and the power of language in teaching and learning Life skills such as communication, cooperation, teamwork, and resilience Emphasize conceptual understanding

What is Critical Thinking as per NEP 2020?

The NEP 2020 lays emphasis on developing the “creative potential” and “higher-order cognitive capacities” of students. That includes “critical thinking and problem solving” apart from “social, ethical, and emotional capacities and dispositions.

Keeping in mind the importance of teachers in the education system, the NEP-2020 has underlined the role of teachers along with the desired attributes of teachers for nation-building. In this policy, the teachers have been put at the center of the most needed fundamental reforms in the education system. The policy has also emphasized re-establishing teachers, at all levels, as the most respected and essential members of our society, as they shape the future generation of the country. As a step forward, the NEP-2020 has also elaborated on the recruitment of good teachers in a transparent method, to give autonomy while also instilling a sense of responsibility and accountability in every teacher.

Evolving Roles of Teachers and Teacher Education

As our understanding of how students learn best continues to evolve, so too must the role of teachers and teacher education. In the past, teachers were primarily responsible for imparting knowledge to students. However, we now know that students learn best when they are actively engaged in their own learning. Therefore, teachers must now act as facilitators, helping students to explore and understand new concepts for themselves.

This shift requires a different set of skills from teachers. In addition to being knowledgeable about their subject matter, they must also be skilled in critical thinking. Critical thinking is the ability to think deeply about a problem or question, and to come up with creative solutions. It is an essential skill for teachers, as it allows them to help their students think critically about the concepts they are learning.

Teacher education programs must adapt to this new reality and prepare future teachers for their evolving roles. Providing opportunities for future teachers to develop their critical thinking skills is essential. Only then will they be able to provide their students with the best possible education.

Critical Thinking a desired attribute for Teachers

Critical thinking is a highly desired attribute for teachers. Teachers who are able to think critically can identify problems and find solutions more effectively. They can also better understand and communicate with their students.

Critical thinking skills are important not only for teachers, but for everyone. However, they are especially important for those in positions of authority, such as teachers. This is because those in positions of authority have a responsibility to make sure that their actions and decisions are in the best interests of those they are responsible for.

There are many ways to develop critical thinking skills. Some people are born with these skills, while others develop them through experience or education. There are also many resources available that can help people to develop their critical thinking skills.

Tag: critical thinking , nep , nep 2020

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Home » Blog – LEAD Gurukul » NEP 2020 Education System – A Shift from Rote Learning to Critical Thinking

NEP 2020 Education System – A Shift from Rote Learning to Critical Thinking

critical thinking in nep 2020

Last Updated On: 11/09/2023

Sahiba Pahwa

School Owner

The National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 in India marks a significant shift in the country’s education system, moving away from traditional rote learning towards a more holistic and skill-based approach, with a strong emphasis on critical thinking and experiential learning. The NEP 2020 education system aims to transform the education system, empowering students with the ability to think critically, solve problems, and adapt to the changing demands of the 21st century.

It suggests using technology to facilitate research, collaboration, and problem-solving, enabling students to develop critical thinking skills in a digital age. Moreover, it calls for a reduction in the content overload in the curriculum, enabling teachers and students to focus on understanding concepts deeply rather than rushing through vast amounts of information.

critical thinking in nep 2020

“The principal goal of education in the schools should be creating men and women who are capable of doing new things, not simply repeating what other generations have done; men and women who are creative, inventive, and discoverers, who can be critical and verify, and not accept, everything they are offered” – Jean Piaget.

NEP Initiatives for Critical Thinking Skills

The National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 introduces several initiatives aimed at fostering and enhancing critical thinking skills among students. These initiatives are designed to shift the focus from rote learning to a more holistic and inquiry-based approach. Here are some key NEP initiatives that promote critical thinking skills:

  • Experiential Learning
  • Multidisciplinary Education
  • Reduced Content Load
  • Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS)
  • Application-Based Assessments
  • Teacher Training
  • Interactive Pedagogy
  • Problem-Solving Projects
  • Life Skills Education
  • Integration of Technology  

These NEP initiatives collectively aim to create a learning environment that nurtures students’ ability to think critically, solve complex problems, and engage with the world in a thoughtful and analytical manner.

In this article

critical thinking in nep 2020

Key Objectives of the NEP 2020 Education System

critical thinking in nep 2020

How Does LEAD Abide By the NEP 2020 Education System?

The National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 in India outlines a comprehensive set of objectives aimed at transforming the education system to meet the needs of the 21st century. These objectives encompass various aspects of education, ranging from early childhood education to higher education and research. Here are the key objectives of NEP 2020:

  • Universal Access and Equitable Inclusion
  • Holistic Development
  • Quality and Excellence
  • Promoting Multidisciplinary Education
  • Flexible Curriculum
  • Promotion of Indian Languages
  • Technology Integration
  • Teacher Development
  • Promotion of Early Childhood Care and Education
  • Assessment Reforms
  • Vocational Education and Skill Development
  • Promotion of Research and Innovation
  • Global Engagement
  • Inclusive Education
  • Ethical and Moral Values

These objectives collectively form the foundation of the National Education Policy 2020, guiding the transformation of India’s education system to align with the demands of the modern world and foster the holistic development of learners.

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LEAD, India’s largest School Edtech company, aims to provide holistic and comprehensive support to schools, teachers, and students for the betterment of the education sector. LEAD’s approach aligns with several key principles and objectives of National Education Policy (NEP) 2020. Here are six major ways LEAD follows to abide by the NEP 2020 education system:

The NEP places significant emphasis on providing support to students through both inclusive measures and the cultivation of their talents. LEAD has undertaken diverse initiatives to fulfil this objective.

LEAD Teacher

The core principles and objectives of the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 include transformative changes in education, promoting holistic development, fostering critical thinking, skill enhancement, and creating an inclusive and flexible learning environment. LEAD’s commitment to NEP innovation and progress in education is evident through six major avenues. Join LEAD today to align your  school with the objectives of NEP 2020.

Article Summary

  • NEP 2020 brings about a transformative shift in India’s education, focusing on holistic, skill-driven learning with critical thinking and experiential methods. It promotes the use of technology for collaboration and problem-solving, and prioritising deep conceptual understanding over content overload.
  • It introduces diverse strategies such as experiential learning, multidisciplinary education, reduced content load, and technology integration to cultivate critical thinking skills, fostering an environment where students can engage thoughtfully and solve complex problems.
  • NEP 2020 outlines diverse objectives to reshape India’s education system, fostering holistic development, inclusivity, technology integration, and multidisciplinary learning, among others, to prepare learners for the 21st century.
  • LEAD aligns with NEP 2020’s objectives through a progressive academic structure, language acquisition programs, experiential pedagogy, competency-based assessments, teacher empowerment via workshops, and student support initiatives.

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Marketing professional with 7+ years of experience and completed Masters(MBA) from Institute of Management Technology. Have been an edtech blogger for Edtech Review magazine. An education enthusiast, has volunteered to teach underprivileged children under Teach for India.

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NEP 2020: Why Indian School Systems Must Prioritize Curriculum and Pedagogical Restructuring

NEP 2020

  • by Team Varthana
  • Posted on August 7, 2023
  • in Education

The National Education Policy (NEP) 2020, introduced by the Indian government, has garnered significant attention and appreciation for its comprehensive reforms to transform the education system. While the policy addresses various aspects, one crucial area that demands immediate attention is curriculum and pedagogical restructuring. This article delves into prioritizing these reforms and highlights their potential benefits for the Indian school systems.

Current Curriculum and Pedagogical Scenario in India:

India has a vast education system with 1.5 million schools with over 260 million students, 751 universities, and 35,539 colleges. it is one of the largest higher education systems in the world..

In the current Indian education system, rote learning dominates the teaching and learning processes. Students are often expected to memorize information without truly understanding the underlying concepts. This approach not only hampers critical thinking and creativity but also fails to prepare students for real-world application of knowledge. The focus on theoretical knowledge outweighs the emphasis on practical skills, leading to a gap between classroom learning and its practical relevance. Furthermore, the curriculum tends to be compartmentalized into subject-specific silos, limiting students’ exposure to interdisciplinary learning. This hinders holistic understanding and their ability to connect knowledge across different subjects.

Teacher-centric teaching is another prevalent aspect of the current pedagogical scenario in India. Lecture-based instruction, where teachers play a central role in imparting knowledge, often limits student engagement and participation. This approach hampers the development of critical thinking and collaborative problem-solving skills , which are crucial for success in the 21st century. Additionally, the current curriculum places limited focus on developing life skills such as communication, teamwork, and problem-solving. These essential skills should be revised to ensure students thrive in real-life situations.

Also Read: Impact of School Infrastructure on Enrollments

Importance of Prioritize Curriculum and Pedagogical Restructuring in Indian Schools

Aligning Education with Real-World Skills:

The curriculum and pedagogical reforms outlined in NEP 2020 aim to align education with real-world skills, promoting holistic development and preparing students for the challenges of the 21st century. The current system emphasizes rote learning and content-based education, which limits critical thinking, problem-solving, and creativity. Restructuring the curriculum exposes students to various subjects, including vocational skills , arts, and physical education. This holistic approach ensures students develop a well-rounded skill set, empowering them to succeed in an evolving global landscape.

Encouraging Experiential Learning:

The NEP 2020 emphasizes the importance of experiential learning, which provides students with hands-on, practical experiences that enhance their understanding of theoretical concepts. Research shows experiential learning improves retention, engagement, and critical thinking abilities. Students can actively participate in learning by restructuring the pedagogical approach to incorporate experiential learning methodologies, fostering curiosity, innovation, and problem-solving skills. This shift from passive learning to active engagement will result in better educational outcomes.

Reducing the Burden of Syllabus:

The current curriculum in Indian schools often overwhelms students with an extensive syllabus, leaving little time for deep learning and understanding. This approach promotes rote memorization rather than conceptual clarity. The NEP 2020 recommends reducing the curriculum’s content load, allowing students to delve deeper into topics, gain a comprehensive understanding, and develop critical thinking abilities. By streamlining the curriculum, educators can ensure quality learning and reduce the burden on students, enabling them to grasp concepts thoroughly and apply them effectively.

Promoting Multidisciplinary Education:

The NEP 2020 emphasizes the need for multidisciplinary education, breaking down subject silos and encouraging the integration of various disciplines. This approach fosters holistic learning, enabling students to connect ideas across different subjects and facilitating a deeper understanding of concepts and their interdependencies. By restructuring the curriculum to incorporate multidisciplinary perspectives, students can develop a broader worldview, enhance creativity, and nurture interdisciplinary problem-solving skills necessary for success in a rapidly changing world.

Enhancing Digital Literacy and Technological Skills:

Technological literacy is crucial for every student’s success in today’s digital age. The NEP 2020 recognizes the significance of digital skills and aims to integrate technology into the curriculum effectively. Students will develop digital literacy, adaptability, and technological competency by restructuring pedagogy into digital tools, online resources, and innovative teaching methodologies. This approach prepares them for a technology-driven future, where digital skills are essential for employment and higher education opportunities.

Addressing Socio-Economic Disparities:

One of the most significant advantages of curriculum and pedagogical restructuring is its potential to address socio-economic disparities. The NEP 2020 emphasizes equitable education by reducing disparities between rural and urban schools, public and private institutions, and different socio-economic strata. By implementing a more inclusive curriculum that reflects the diverse needs of students from all backgrounds, the education system can bridge the gap and promote equal opportunities for every child.

Government’s Role in Curriculum and Pedagogical Restructuring:

  • Policy Implementation and Monitoring: The government is crucial in implementing and monitoring curriculum and pedagogical reforms. It should ensure that schools and educational institutions adhere to the guidelines outlined in NEP 2020, allocate resources for training and capacity building, and regularly evaluate the effectiveness of the reforms.
  • Teacher Training and Professional Development: The government should invest in comprehensive teacher training programs to equip educators with the necessary skills and knowledge to implement the restructured curriculum effectively. Professional development opportunities can empower teachers to adapt pedagogical practices, integrate technology, and cater to diverse learning needs.
  • Stakeholder Engagement: The government should actively engage with various stakeholders, including teachers, parents, students, and educational experts, to gather feedback and perspectives on curriculum and pedagogical reforms. Collaboration and open dialogue can lead to more informed decisions and ensure that the reforms address the needs and aspirations of all stakeholders.

Also Read: Top 10 ways you can improve the quality of education in your school

Shortcomings and Challenges:

  • Infrastructural Constraints: Many schools in India face infrastructural challenges, such as proper classrooms, libraries, laboratories, and technology infrastructure. Adequate investment and infrastructure development are essential to support effective curriculum delivery.
  • Resource Allocation: Implementation of curriculum and pedagogical reforms requires adequate financial resources to develop appropriate teaching and learning materials , provide training to teachers, and upgrade infrastructure. The government needs to prioritize resource allocation to support these reforms effectively.
  • Evaluation and Monitoring: There is a need for a robust evaluation and monitoring system to assess the effectiveness of the curriculum and pedagogical reforms. Regular evaluations should be conducted to measure student learning outcomes and identify areas of improvement.
  • Equity and Access: Ensuring equitable access to quality education remains challenging, especially in remote areas and marginalized communities. The government must address disparities in infrastructure, resources, and teacher quality to provide equal educational opportunities for all students.
  • Mindset Shift: Implementing curriculum and pedagogical reforms requires a mindset shift among educators, parents, and the wider community. Resistance to change, entrenched beliefs about education, and the pressure for examination-oriented outcomes can pose significant challenges to successfully implementing these reforms.

In conclusion, prioritizing curriculum and pedagogical restructuring is essential for Indian school systems per the NEP 2020. These reforms promote critical thinking, practical application of knowledge, and inclusivity. By embracing these changes, schools can better prepare students for real-world challenges and empower them to become lifelong learners. The potential benefits outweigh the challenges, and collaboration among stakeholders is crucial for successful implementation. Ultimately, curriculum and pedagogical restructuring will create an education system that nurtures innovation and equips students for a brighter future.

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Advantages & Disadvantages of New Education Policy (NEP 2020)

critical thinking in nep 2020

The new education policy, NEP 2020 talks about major transformational reforms in the Indian academic sector which are appreciated by many. Along with appreciation, there is also criticism which focuses on the drawbacks of this new education policy. 

In this blog, we will explore both the advantages and disadvantages of NEP, providing you with a comprehensive overview of its impact.

Benefits Of New Education Policy

For Students:

Holistic Development:

NEP 2020 focuses on the holistic development of students, addressing their cognitive, social, emotional, and physical growth. It promotes critical thinking, creativity, and problem-solving skills, preparing students to thrive in the 21st century.

Flexible Learning Pathways:

The policy offers flexible learning pathways, allowing students to choose subjects based on their interests and career aspirations. This promotes personalized learning, enabling students to explore their passions and develop expertise in their chosen fields.

Reduced Curriculum Burden:

NEP aims to reduce the curriculum burden on students by emphasizing core concepts and essential learning outcomes. This allows for a deeper understanding of subjects and encourages a more comprehensive learning experience.

Inclusive Education:

The policy prioritizes inclusive education, ensuring equal opportunities for students from diverse backgrounds, including those with disabilities and from marginalized communities. It promotes an inclusive and supportive learning environment, fostering empathy and understanding among students.

Skill Development:

NEP 2020 emphasizes skill development, equipping students with 21st-century skills such as critical thinking, communication, problem-solving, and digital literacy. This enhances their employability and prepares them for future challenges.

For Teachers:

Professional Development Opportunities:

The new education policy recognizes the importance of continuous professional development for teachers. It provides opportunities for training, workshops, and collaborations to enhance their teaching skills, update their knowledge, and stay abreast of evolving pedagogical practices.

Enhanced Teaching Practices:

The policy encourages a shift towards learner-centric teaching practices, promoting interactive and experiential learning methods. This allows teachers to engage students actively in the learning process, fostering deeper understanding and retention of concepts.

Integration of Technology:

NEP emphasizes the integration of technology in education. Teachers can leverage digital tools, online resources, and educational apps to enhance their teaching effectiveness, create interactive learning experiences, and cater to diverse learning styles.

Recognition of Leadership and Mentorship:

It also recognizes the importance of teacher leadership and mentorship. Teachers have the opportunity to take on mentoring roles, supporting their fellow educators, and contributing to policy implementation. This fosters professional growth and collaboration among teachers.

Collaborative Learning Communities:

NEP also promotes collaborative learning communities, encouraging teachers to engage in peer learning, share best practices, and collaborate with colleagues. This creates a supportive environment for professional growth and enhances teaching effectiveness.

Empowerment as Facilitators:

The policy empowers teachers to become facilitators of learning rather than just information providers. They can guide students through their learning journey, foster critical thinking, and nurture students’ interests and talents.

Disadvantages of NEP 2020

Increased pressure and competition for students:.

One of the primary concerns with the policy is the potential increase in pressure and competition among students. NEP emphasizes the importance of standardized examinations and encourages board exams at multiple levels, starting from the early years. This approach may lead to an excessive focus on grades and performance, compromising the overall development and well-being of students.

Narrowing of Subject Choices:

The new policy proposes a shift towards a multidisciplinary approach, which aims to provide students with a broad range of subjects. However, this might inadvertently limit their options. With an increased emphasis on vocational education and skill development, subjects like arts, humanities, and social sciences may receive less attention. This narrow focus could hinder the overall intellectual and creative growth of students.

Insufficient Teacher Training and Support:

The NEP 2020 falls short in adequately addressing the training and support needs of teachers. The lack of clear guidelines for continuous professional development and incentives may impact the quality of education imparted in classrooms.

Imbalance in Digital Infrastructure:

The new education policy places significant emphasis on digital education and e-learning platforms. While this can enhance access to education, it also exposes the digital divide prevalent in our society. Not all students have equal access to digital devices, internet connectivity, or resources required for online learning. This imbalance may further marginalize students from economically disadvantaged backgrounds, exacerbating educational inequalities.

Standardization Challenges:

The policy’s aim to standardize education across the country may overlook regional and cultural diversities. The one-size-fits-all approach might not cater to the unique needs and aspirations of students from different states and regions.

Insufficient Implementation Strategy:

A major concern surrounding the policy is the lack of a robust implementation strategy. It proposes ambitious changes without providing a clear roadmap for execution. This ambiguity can lead to confusion among educational institutions, teachers, and students, resulting in uneven implementation across the country. Without a well-defined plan, the potential benefits of the policy may remain unrealized.

Final Thoughts

While the New Education Policy 2020 aims to bring about positive transformations in the Indian education system, it is essential to critically evaluate its pros and cons. By critically examining the advantages and disadvantages, stakeholders can work towards implementing the new education policy effectively, ensuring an education system that fosters holistic development, inclusivity, and equal opportunities for all.

critical thinking in nep 2020

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In NEP, focus on critical thinking and creativity: Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’

Union education minister Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ speaks to Amandeep Shukla on the National Education Policy (NEP) . Edited excerpts:

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What effect will the National Education Policy (NEP) have on the education system of the country in the short run and the long run?

With the NEP 2020 coming into effect, we are hoping to transform education and putting a significant thrust on learning about how to think critically and solve problems, how to be creative and multidisciplinary, and how to innovate, adapt, and absorb new material in novel and changing fields. The new curriculum will include basic arts, crafts, humanities, games, sports and fitness, languages, literature, culture, and values, in addition to science and mathematics, to develop all aspects and capabilities of learners, and make education more well-rounded, useful, and fulfilling to the learner.

The education system talks of providing quality education to children in schools as well as universities. However, there are lakhs of vacancies for teachers. What do you plan on this?

Teachers’ vacancies will be filled at the earliest, especially in disadvantaged areas and areas with large pupil-to-teacher ratios or high rates of illiteracy. A technology-based comprehensive teacher-requirement forecasting exercise will be conducted by each state to assess expected subject-wise teacher vacancies over the next two decades.

At higher education level, the policy states that leadership positions shall not remain vacant, but rather an overlapping time period during transitions in leadership shall be the norm.

One of the highlights of this policy has been its focus on mother tongue as a medium of instruction…

Young children learn and grasp nontrivial concepts more quickly in their home language/mother tongue. Wherever possible, the medium of instruction until at least Grade 5, but preferably till Grade 8 and beyond, will be the home language/mother tongue/local language/regional language.

However, there will be a greater flexibility in the three-language formula, and no language will be imposed on any state. The three languages learned by children will be the choices of states, regions, and of course the students themselves, so long as at least two of them are native to India.

Nowhere the policy talks about shedding the English language; instead it emphasizes on the importance of multilingualism which has great cognitive benefit for young children.

Will it be possible to make regional language the medium of instruction in centrally run Kendriya Vidyalayas (KVs) or Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas (JNVs)? What is the ministry’s view on this?

KVs and JNVs have students from all over India, not from a particular region or state. Therefore, NEP has proposed that wherever possible, the medium of instruction until at least Grade 5, but preferably till Grade 8 and beyond, will be the home language/mother tongue/local language/regional language. Thereafter, the home/local language shall continue to be taught as a language wherever possible.

From when does the policy become effective? Will its provisions apply in the coming session? Or will you make a timeline to implement various measures?

This policy is for the next 20 years. We are in a process of making the implementation plan.

During the Covid-19 pandemic, one major issue that came into focus was the digital divide. How do you plan to address the requirements of the underprivileged sections through NEP?

NEP 2020 recognises the importance of leveraging the advantages of technology while acknowledging potential risks and dangers. Given the fact that there still persists a substantial section of the population whose digital access is highly limited, mass media — such as television, radio, and community radio — will be extensively used.

The policy says children will be given a logical framework for making ethical decisions. How do you plan to teach ethics and morals to students?

Instilling knowledge of India and its varied social, cultural, and technological needs; its inimitable artistic, language, and knowledge traditions; and its strong ethics in India’s young people is considered critical for purposes of national pride, self-confidence, self-knowledge, cooperation, and integration as mentioned in NEP. At present, we have just come out with NEP. The formulation of a new and comprehensive National Curricular Framework for School Education, NCFSE 2020-21, will be undertaken by the NCERT (National Council of Educational Research and Training) based on the principles of this National Education Policy 2020, frontline curriculum needs and after discussions with all stakeholders. Based on this, parallel changes will be done in school textbooks.

NEP allows foreign varsities to set up campuses in India. How will you ensure that a foreign varsity does not indulge in profit-making from education?

India will be promoted as a global study destination providing premium education at affordable costs, thereby helping to restore its role as a Vishwa Guru. A legislative framework facilitating such entry will be put in place, and such universities will be given special dispensation regarding regulatory, governance, and content norms on par with other autonomous institutions of India. Credits acquired in foreign universities will be permitted, where appropriate as per the requirements of each higher education institution (HEI), to be counted for the award of a degree.

Multiple mechanisms with checks and balances will combat and stop the commercialization of higher education. All education institutions will be held to similar standards of audit and disclosure as a ‘not for profit’ entity. Surpluses, if any, will be reinvested in the institution. All HEIs — public and private — shall be treated on par within this regulatory regime.

There are institutes like IITs and IIMs which stand out in areas like technology and management. How advisable is it to turn them into inter-disciplinary units?

The IITs are already leading the path by introducing multi-disciplinary courses. The policy envisages a broad-based multi-disciplinary holistic education at the undergraduate level for integrated, rigorous exposure to science, arts, humanities, mathematics and professional fields.

NEP is an ambitious plan. It envisages setting up several new institutions, capacity building, modernizing infrastructure. It also calls for increasing budget spend to 6%. How easy or difficult is it to meet these targets?

The Centre and states will work together to increase the public investment in education sector to reach 6% of GDP at the earliest. This is considered extremely critical for achieving the high-quality and equitable public education system.

The academic session for 2020-21 has still not taken off. The Kuhad committee has suggested that the dates for commencement of the session be postponed to November-December…

The higher education institutes will be opened based on the directions of the ministry of home affairs guidelines.

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COMMENTS

  1. NEP 2020 & Critical Thinking: A Desired Attribute For Teachers

    What is Critical Thinking as per NEP 2020? The NEP 2020 lays emphasis on developing the "creative potential" and "higher-order cognitive capacities" of students. That includes "critical thinking and problem solving" apart from "social, ethical, and emotional capacities and dispositions.

  2. NEP 2020 Education System

    The National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 in India marks a significant shift in the country's education system, moving away from traditional rote learning towards a more holistic and skill-based approach, with a strong emphasis on critical thinking and experiential learning. The NEP 2020 education system aims to transform the education system ...

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    The NEP 2020 introduced the Multi entry and Multi Exit system to transform UG education in India. MEME offers students greater flexibility and control over their ... It also aims to cultivate critical thinking, problem solving, analytical, and research skills. Students learn to analyze information, evaluate arguments, and develop their own ...

  4. PDF National Education Policy 2020

    National Education Policy 2020 2 19 Effective Governance and Leadership for Higher Education Institutions 49 PART III. OTHER KEY AREAS OF FOCUS 20 Professional Education 50 21 Adult Education and Life Long Learning 51 22 Promotion of Indian Languages, Arts and Culture 53 23 Technology Use and Integration 56 24 Online and Digital Education: Ensuring Equitable Use of Technology 58

  5. Curriculum and NEP 2020: Perspectives and Inter-connections

    National Education Policy (NEP), 2020, is a step in this direction which emphasises on inclusiveness, equity and quality with a clear focus on the attainment of learning outcomes. NEP 2020 promotes the adoption of learner-centric education which develops critical thinking, creativity and problem-solving skills and discourages rote learning methods.

  6. PDF A Critical Analysis of the National Education Policy 2020: Implications

    The NEP 2020 aims to transform the education landscape of India by addressing the evolving needs of the 21st century and fostering holistic development among students. It envisions an education system that is rooted in Indian ethos, promotes critical thinking and creativity, and prepares students for global challenges.

  7. PDF Critical Analysis of Nep 2020 and Its Implementation

    The critical analysis of NEP 2020 and its implementation can help identify the strengths and weakness of the ... The policy recognizes the importance of developing critical thinking, problem solving, and creative skills among students, which is a departure from the traditional rote-learning approach. This

  8. PDF NEP 2020: Transitioning Towards a Skill-Centric Education System

    The National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 seeks to revolutionize the education system by fostering critical thinking, creativity, and problem-solving skills. This policy envisions a skills-centric approach, aiming to produce well-rounded individuals who can contribute effectively to society and navigate the challenges of the modern world.

  9. National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 for Students: A Review

    Pin 140603. National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 for Stude nts: A Review. Dr Tanu Sharma. [email protected]. Abstract. Indian schools participated in PISA 2009 and attained 2 nd last place in ...

  10. PDF A Critical Study of Nep 2020

    Approaches of NEP 2020 : 1. Curriculum and Content The NEP seeks to introduce a shift from 10+2 structure to 5+3+3+4 structure, where early childhood education will be a part of formal education. In addition, the NEP 2020 focuses on reducing the curriculum content to make space for critical thinking and in turn, develop individuals with 21st ...

  11. A Paradigm Shift in Education: Understanding the Nep 2020

    The NEP 2020 also seeks to create a more decentralized and participatory education system. It establishes a National Education Commission, providing overall direction and guidance to the education ... • The focus of NEP is on enhancing the critical thinking of the students than just root learning of the subjects. The student needs to ...

  12. PDF Implementation of Nep 2020 at Higher Educational Institutions

    focusing on holistic development and critical thinking. Research and Innovation: NEP 2020 lays the groundwork for promoting research and innovation in higher education and creating a culture of intellectual inquiry. The scope of NEP 2020 is comprehensive and covers all levels of education, from early childhood to higher education.

  13. NAVIGATING OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES: IMPLEMENTING THE NEP 2020 Dr

    The National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 presents a myriad of opportunities for transformative change in India's educational landscape. One of the foremost opportunities lies in the emphasis on holistic and multidisciplinary education, which aims to equip students with 21st-century skills such as critical thinking,

  14. PDF Salient Features of Nep 2020: Higher Education

    SALIENT FEATURES OF NEP 2020: HIGHER EDUCATION 1. THE FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF THE POLICY: recognizing, identifying, and fostering the unique capabilities of each student, by sensitizing teachers as well as parents to promote each student's holistic development in both academic and non-academic spheres.

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    (analysis, critical thinking and conceptual clarity etc.) Helps entire schooling system in revising continuously teaching-learning processes to optimize learning. Continuous ... In order to align with the NEP-2020, transformation in the assessment system by 2022-23 academic session, guidelines for teacher education

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    version in 2020 and certified for its readiness for the implementation. The NEP discusses reducing curriculum content to enhance essential learning, critical thinking and more holistic experiential, discussion-based and analysis-based learning. It also talks about a revision of the curriculum and pedagogical structure from a 10+2

  17. NEP 2020: Why Indian School Systems Must Prioritize Curriculum and

    The curriculum and pedagogical reforms outlined in NEP 2020 aim to align education with real-world skills, promoting holistic development and preparing students for the challenges of the 21st century. The current system emphasizes rote learning and content-based education, which limits critical thinking, problem-solving, and creativity.

  18. NEP 2020

    The second expert talk in the NEP 2020 series was held on 24th February, 2022. Mr. Hussain Dohadwala spoke about NEP 2020's mission to enhance critical thinking and creativity. He elaborated on the policy's emphasis on developing the "creative potential" and "higher-order cognitive capacities" of students which includes "critical thinking and problem solving" apart from

  19. Full article: National Education Policy: How does it Affect Higher

    The new National Education Policy (NEP) announced by the government has come after a 34 years of waiting. The NEP is timely and futuristic in its approach and has the potential to transform the Indian educational system into a "new normal". The emphasis in NEP on promoting critical thinking, encouraging competency and making learning ...

  20. (PDF) REFLECTIONS OF NATIONAL EDUCATION POLICY 2020 ...

    B.Venkateshwarlu (2020) "A critical study of nep 2020: issues, approaches, challenges, opportunities and criticism" published in "international journal of multidisciplinary educational research ...

  21. Advantages & Disadvantages of New Education Policy (NEP 2020)

    The new education policy, NEP 2020 talks about major transformational reforms in the Indian academic sector which are appreciated by many. Along with appreciation, there is also criticism which focuses on the drawbacks of this new education policy. ... They can guide students through their learning journey, foster critical thinking, and nurture ...

  22. PDF Critical Analysis of NEP 2020 and Its Implementation

    Critical Analysis of NEP 2020 and Its Implementation Ms. Rohini Jain Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Lingaya's Lalita Devi Institute of Management and Sciences, New Delhi [email protected] Abstract: The new education policy aims that all the students get the quality education and facilities

  23. In NEP, focus on critical thinking and creativity: Ramesh Pokhriyal

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