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Biography of Atatürk

ATATURK, FOUNDER OF THE TURKISH REPUBLIC AND THE FIRST PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC

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Culture is the foundation of Turkish Republic. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, 1936 Atatürk's 10th Year Speech

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Turkish ( Türkçe: [ ˈtyɾctʃe ] ⓘ , Türk dili ; also Türkiye Türkçesi 'Turkish of Türkiye' [15] ) is the most widely spoken of the Turkic languages , with around 90 to 100 million speakers. It is the national language of Turkey and Northern Cyprus . Significant smaller groups of Turkish speakers also exist in Germany , Austria , Bulgaria , North Macedonia , [16] Greece , [17] Cyprus , other parts of Europe , the South Caucasus , and some parts of Central Asia , Iraq , and Syria . Turkish is the 18th most spoken language in the world.

To the west, the influence of Ottoman Turkish —the variety of the Turkish language that was used as the administrative and literary language of the Ottoman Empire —spread as the Ottoman Empire expanded. In 1928, as one of Atatürk's reforms in the early years of the Republic of Turkey, the Perso-Arabic script -based Ottoman Turkish alphabet was replaced with the Latin script -based Turkish alphabet .

Some distinctive characteristics of the Turkish language are vowel harmony and extensive agglutination . The basic word order of Turkish is subject–object–verb . Turkish has no noun classes or grammatical gender . The language makes usage of honorifics and has a strong T–V distinction which distinguishes varying levels of politeness, social distance , age, courtesy or familiarity toward the addressee. The plural second-person pronoun and verb forms are used referring to a single person out of respect.

Biography of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Founder of the Republic of Turkey

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Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (May 19, 1881–November 10, 1938) was a Turkish nationalist and military leader who founded the Republic of Turkey in 1923. Atatürk served as the country's first president from 1923 to 1938. He oversaw the passage of numerous reforms that were responsible for transforming Turkey into a modern nation-state.

Fast Facts: Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

  • Known For : Atatürk was a Turkish nationalist who founded the Republic of Turkey.
  • Also Known As : Mustafa Kemal Pasha
  • Born : May 19, 1881 in Salonica, Ottoman Empire
  • Parents : Ali Rıza Efendi and Zubeyde Hanim
  • Died : November 10, 1938 in Istanbul, Turkey
  • Spouse : Latife Usakligil (m. 1923–1925)
  • Children : 13

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was born on May 19, 1881, in Salonica, then part of the Ottoman Empire (now Thessaloniki, Greece ). His father Ali Riza Efendi may have been ethnically Albanian, though some sources state that his family was made up of nomads from the Konya region of Turkey. Ali Riza Efendi was a minor local official and a timber-seller. Mustafa's mother Zubeyde Hanim was a blue-eyed Turkish or possibly Macedonian woman who (unusually for that time) could read and write. Zubeyde Hanim wanted her son to study religion, but Mustafa would grow up with a more secular turn of mind. The couple had six children, but only Mustafa and his sister Makbule Atadan survived to adulthood.

Religious and Military Education

As a young boy, Mustafa reluctantly attended a religious school. His father later allowed him to transfer to the Semsi Efendi School, a secular private school. When Mustafa was 7, his father died.

At the age of 12, Mustafa decided, without consulting his mother, that he would take the entrance exam for a military high school. He then attended the Monastir Military High School and in 1899 enrolled in the Ottoman Military Academy. In January 1905, Mustafa graduated and began his career in the army.

Military Career

After years of military training, Atatürk entered the Ottoman Army as a captain. He served in the Fifth Army in Damascus until 1907. He then transferred to Manastir, now known as Bitola, in the Republic of Macedonia. In 1910, he fought to suppress the Albanian uprising in Kosovo. His rising reputation as a military man took off the following year, during the Italo-Turkish War of 1911 to 1912.

The Italo-Turkish War arose from a 1902 agreement between Italy and France over dividing Ottoman lands in North Africa. The Ottoman Empire was known at that time as the "sick man of Europe," so other European powers were deciding how to share the spoils of its collapse long before the event actually took place. France promised Italy control of Libya, then comprised of three Ottoman provinces, in return for non-interference in Morocco.

Italy launched a massive 150,000-man army against Ottoman Libya in September 1911. Atatürk was one of the Ottoman commanders sent to repel this invasion with only 8,000 regular troops, plus 20,000 local Arab and Bedouin militia members. He was key to the December 1911 Ottoman victory in the Battle of Tobruk, in which 200 Turkish and Arab fighters held off 2,000 Italians and drove them back from the city of Tobruk.

Despite this valiant resistance, Italy overwhelmed the Ottomans. In the October 1912 Treaty of Ouchy, the Ottoman Empire signed away control of the provinces of Tripolitania, Fezzan, and Cyrenaica, which became Italian Libya.

Balkan Wars

As Ottoman control of the empire eroded, ethnic nationalism spread among the various peoples of the Balkan region . In 1912 and 1913, ethnic conflict broke out twice in the First and Second Balkan Wars.

In 1912, the Balkan League (made up of the newly independent Montenegro, Bulgaria, Greece, and Serbia) attacked the Ottoman Empire in order to wrest away control of areas dominated by their respective ethnic groups that were still under Ottoman suzerainty. Through suzerainty, a nation maintains internal autonomy while another nation or region controls foreign policy and international relations. The Ottomans, including Atatürk's troops, lost the First Balkan War. The following year during the Second Balkan War, the Ottomans regained much of the territory of Thrace that had been seized by Bulgaria.

This fighting at the frayed edges of the Ottoman Empire was fed by ethnic nationalism. In 1914, a related ethnic and territorial spat between Serbia and the Austro-Hungarian Empire set off a chain reaction that soon involved all of the European powers in what would become World War I .

World War I and Gallipoli

World War I was a pivotal period in Atatürk's life. The Ottoman Empire joined its allies (Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Empire) to form the Central Powers, fighting against Britain, France, Russia, and Italy. Atatürk predicted that the Allied Powers would attack the Ottoman Empire at Gallipoli ; he commanded the 19th Division of the Fifth Army there.

Under Atatürk's leadership, the Turks held off a British and French attempt to advance up the Gallipoli Peninsula, inflicting a key defeat on the Allies. Britain and France sent in a total of 568,000 men over the course of the Gallipoli Campaign, including large numbers of Australians and New Zealanders. Of these, 44,000 were killed and almost 100,000 were wounded. The Ottoman force was smaller, numbering about 315,500 men, of whom about 86,700 were killed and over 164,000 were wounded.

The Turks held on to the high ground at Gallipoli, keeping the Allied forces pinned to the beaches. This bloody but successful defensive action formed one of the centerpieces of Turkish nationalism in the years to come, and Atatürk was at the center of it all.

Following the Allied withdrawal from Gallipoli in January 1916 , Atatürk fought successful battles against the Russian Imperial Army in the Caucasus. In March 1917, he received command of the entire Second Army, although their Russian opponents withdrew almost immediately due to the outbreak of the Russian Revolution .

The sultan was determined to shore up the Ottoman defenses in Arabia and prevailed upon Atatürk to go to Palestine after the British captured Jerusalem in December 1917. He wrote to the government, noting that the situation in Palestine was hopeless, and proposed that a new defensive position be established in Syria. When Constantinople rejected this plan, Atatürk resigned his post and returned to the capital.

As the Central Powers' defeat loomed, Atatürk returned once more to the Arabian Peninsula to supervise an orderly retreat. The Ottoman forces lost the Battle of Megiddo in September 1918. This was the beginning of the end of the Ottoman world. Throughout October and early November, under an armistice with the Allied Powers, Atatürk organized the withdrawal of the remaining Ottoman forces in the Middle East . He returned to Constantinople on November 13, 1918, to find it occupied by the victorious British and French. The Ottoman Empire was no more.

Turkish War of Independence

Atatürk was tasked with reorganizing the tattered Ottoman Army in April 1919 so that it could provide internal security during the transition. Instead, he began to organize the army into a nationalist resistance movement. He issued the Amasya Circular in June of that year, warning that Turkey's independence was in peril.

Mustafa Kemal was quite right on that point. The Treaty of Sevres, signed in August 1920, called for the partition of Turkey among France, Britain, Greece, Armenia, the Kurds, and an international force at the Bosporus Strait. Only a small state centered around Ankara would remain in Turkish hands. This plan was completely unacceptable to Atatürk and his fellow Turkish nationalists. In fact, it meant war.

Britain took the lead in dissolving Turkey's parliament and strong-arming the sultan into signing away his remaining rights. In response, Atatürk called a new national election and had a separate parliament installed, with himself as the speaker. This was known as the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. When the Allied occupation forces tried to partition Turkey as per the Treaty of Sevres, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) put together an army and launched the War of Turkish Independence.

Throughout 1921, the GNA army under Atatürk registered victory after victory against the neighboring powers. By the following autumn, Turkish nationalist troops had pushed the occupying powers out of the Turkish peninsula.

Republic of Turkey

On July 24, 1923, the GNA and the European powers signed the Treaty of Lausanne, recognizing a fully sovereign Republic of Turkey. As the first elected president of the new Republic, Atatürk would lead one of the world's swiftest and most effective modernization campaigns ever.

Atatürk abolished the office of the Muslim Caliphate, which had repercussions for all of Islam. However, no new caliph was appointed elsewhere. Atatürk also secularized education, encouraging the development of non-religious primary schools for both girls and boys.

In 1926, in the most radical reform to date, Atatürk abolished the Islamic courts and instituted secular civil law throughout Turkey. Women now had equal rights to inherit property and divorce their husbands. The president saw women as an essential part of the workforce if Turkey was to become a wealthy modern nation. Finally, Atatürk replaced the traditional Arabic script for written Turkish with a new alphabet based on Latin .

Mustafa Kemal became known as Atatürk, meaning "grandfather" or "ancestor of the Turks," because of his pivotal role in founding and leading the new, independent state of Turkey . Atatürk died on November 10, 1938, from cirrhosis of the liver due to excessive alcohol consumption. He was 57 years old.

During his service in the army and his 15 years as president, Atatürk laid the foundations for the modern Turkish state. While his policies are still debated today, Turkey stands as one of the success stories of the 20th century—due, in large part, to Atatürk's reforms.

  • Gingeras, Ryan. "Mustafa Kemal Atatürk: Heir to an Empire." Oxford University Press, 2016.
  • Mango, Andrew. "Atatürk: The Biography of the Founder of Modern Turkey." Overlook Press, 2002.
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Kemal Atatürk

By: History.com Editors

Updated: August 21, 2018 | Original: December 16, 2009

TURKEY - CIRCA 2002: Mustafa Kemal, known as Ataturk, in the uniform of a sergeant of the army. Turkey, 20th century (Photo by DeAgostini/Getty Images)

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881-1938) was an army officer who founded an independent Republic of Turkey out of the ruins of the Ottoman Empire. He then served as Turkey’s first president from 1923 until his death in 1938, implementing reforms that rapidly secularized and westernized the country. Under his leadership, the role of Islam in public life shrank drastically, European-style law codes came into being, the office of the sultan was abolished and new language and dress requirements were mandated. But although the country was nominally democratic, Atatürk at times stifled opposition with an authoritarian hand.

Atatürk: The Early Years

Mustafa, who became Mustafa Kemal as a teenager and then Mustafa Kemal Atatürk late in life, was born around 1881 in the city of Salonica (now Thessaloniki, Greece), which at that time was part of the Ottoman Empire . His family was middle-class, Turkish-speaking and Muslim. A good student, Mustafa Kemal attended a series of military schools, including the War College in Istanbul. He was then stationed in Syria and Palestine for a few years before securing a post back in Salonica. In 1911 and 1912, the hard-drinking Mustafa Kemal fought against the Italians in Libya.

Did you know? The Turkish leader known as Atatürk had blue eyes and fair hair. Though he claimed to be descended from Turkish nomads, some historians believe he was at least partly of Balkan ancestry.

During World War I (1914-18), the Ottoman Empire allied itself with Germany and Austria-Hungary. By this time, the aging empire had lost almost all of its territory in Europe and Africa. Moreover, the so-called Young Turk Revolution of 1908 had stripped autocratic powers from the sultan and ushered in an era of parliamentary government. In 1915 Mustafa Kemal distinguished himself throughout the nearly yearlong Gallipoli Peninsula campaign, in which he helped stop a large force of British and French troops from taking Istanbul. He was soon promoted from colonel to brigadier-general and sent to fight in eastern Turkey, Syria and Palestine. An estimated 1.5 million Armenians died and others were expelled during the war and its aftermath, but Mustafa Kemal has not been linked to the perpetration of the genocide.

Atatürk Takes Power

Under a punitive postwar peace treaty signed in August 1920, the Allied powers stripped all Arab provinces from the Ottoman Empire, provided for an independent Armenia and an autonomous Kurdistan, put the Greeks in charge of a region surrounding Smyrna (now Izmir) and asserted economic control over what little country remained. However, Mustafa Kemal had already organized an independence movement based in Ankara, the goal of which was to end foreign occupation of the Turkish-speaking areas and to stop them from being partitioned. The sultan’s government in Istanbul sentenced Mustafa Kemal to death in absentia, but it failed to prevent him from building up both military and popular support. With the help of money and weapons from Soviet Russia, his troops crushed the Armenians in the east and forced the French and Italians to withdraw from the south. He then turned his attention to the Greeks, who had wreaked havoc on the Turkish population during their march to within 50 miles of Ankara.

In August and September 1921, with Mustafa Kemal at the head of the army, the Turks stopped the Greek advance at the Battle of Sakarya. The following August, they launched an offensive that broke the Greek lines and sent them into a full-scale retreat all the way back to Smyrna on the Mediterranean Sea. A fire soon broke out in Smyrna, which, along with looting and rampaging Turkish soldiers, claimed the lives of thousands of Greek and Armenian residents. Roughly 200,000 additional Greeks and Armenians were forced to evacuate on nearby Allied warships, never to return.

Mustafa Kemal next threatened to attack Istanbul, which was being occupied by the British and other Allied powers. Rather than fight, the British agreed to negotiate a new peace treaty and sent invitations to both the sultan’s government in Istanbul and Mustafa Kemal’s government in Ankara. But before the peace conference could begin, the Grand National Assembly in Ankara passed a resolution declaring that the sultan’s rule had already ended. Fearful for his life, the last Ottoman sultan fled his palace in a British ambulance. A new peace treaty was then signed in July 1923 that recognized an independent Turkish state. That October, the Grand National Assembly proclaimed the Republic of Turkey and elected Mustafa Kemal as its first president.

Atatürk as President

Even before he became president, Greece agreed to send some 380,000 Muslims to Turkey in exchange for over 1 million Greek Orthodox practitioners. Meanwhile, under Mustafa Kemal, the forced emigration of Armenians continued. Although Turkey was now almost homogeneously Muslim, Mustafa Kemal deposed the caliph, the theoretical successor to the prophet Muhammad and spiritual leader of the worldwide Muslim community. He also closed all religious courts and schools, prohibited the wearing of headscarves among public sector employees, abolished the ministry of canon law and pious foundations, lifted a ban on alcohol, adopted the Gregorian calendar in place of the Islamic calendar, made Sunday a day of rest instead of Friday, changed the Turkish alphabet from Arabic letters to Roman ones, mandated that the call to prayer be in Turkish rather than Arabic and even forbade the wearing of fez hats.

Mustafa Kemal’s government espoused industrialization and adopted new law codes based on European models. “The civilized world is far ahead of us,” he told an audience in October 1926. “We have no choice but to catch up.” Eight years later, he required all Turks to choose a surname, and the Turkish Grand National Assembly gave Kemal the surname Atatürk (meaning Father Turk). By that time, Atatürk’s government had joined the League of Nations , improved literacy rates and given women the right to vote, though in practice he essentially imposed single-party rule. He also closed opposition newspapers, suppressed leftist workers’ organizations and bottled up any attempts at Kurdish autonomy.

Turkey After Atatürk

On November 10, 1938, Atatürk, who never had any children, died in his bedroom at the Dolmabahce Palace in Istanbul. He was replaced by İsmet İnönü, prime minister during most of Atatürk’s rule, who continued his policies of secularization and westernization. Even though Atatürk retains iconic status in Turkey today—in fact, insulting his memory is a crime— Islam has reemerged in recent years as a social and political force.

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Mustafa Kemal Ataturk

(1881-1938)

Who Was Mustafa Kemal Ataturk?

As a young man, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk was involved with the Young Turks, a revolutionary group that deposed the sultan in 1909. Ataturk led the Turkish War of Independence and signed the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923, which made Turkey a republic. He was elected its first president and ushered in reforms that modernized Turkey.

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk was born simply "Mustafa" in the early months of 1881, in Salonika, in what was then the Ottoman Empire (his birthplace is now known as Thessalonika, in modern-day Greece). When he was 12 years old, Mustafa was sent to the military academy in Istanbul. There, his mathematics teacher gave him the name Kemal — meaning "perfection"— because he excelled in academics. He graduated in 1905.

Military Career

As a young man, Mustafa Kemal became a member of the Young Turks, a revolutionary movement of intellectuals. He participated in the Young Turk Revolution of July 1908, which successfully deposed Sultan Abdülhamid II. From 1909 to 1918, Mustafa Kemal held a number of posts in the Ottoman army. He fought against Italy in the Italo-Turkish War in 1911 and from 1912-1913 he fought in the Balkan Wars. During the second Balkan War he became chief of staff before being posted at the Turkish embassy in Bulgaria. He made a name for himself as the commander of the 19th Division, where his bravery and strategic prowess helped thwart the Allied invasion of the Dardanelles in 1915, and received repeated promotions until the Armistice of Mudros ended the fighting in 1918.

The armistice provisions gave the Allies the right to occupy forts that controlled major waterways, as well as any territory that might pose a threat to security. In 1919, Ataturk organized resistance to these forces, and when the Treaty of Sèvres was signed at the end of World War I, divvying up the Ottoman Empire, Mustafa Kemal demanded complete independence for Turkey. The Great National Assembly—the new Turkish parliament—engaged in a series of battles with Greek and Armenian forces until Mustafa signed the Treaty of Lausanne on October 29, 1923. This established the Republic of Turkey, and Mustafa Kemal became the country’s first president.

Mustafa Kemal's first order of business was to modernize and secularize the country, which he did by studying Western governments and adapting their structure for the people of Turkey. He believed that modernization necessarily entailed Westernization, and he established a policy of state secularism, with a constitution that separated the government from religion.

Social and economic reforms were a crucial part of his strategy as well. He replaced the Arabic alphabet with a Latin one, introduced the Gregorian calendar and urged people to dress in Western clothes. Mustafa industrialized the nation, establishing state-owned factories around the country as well as a railway network. And a multitude of new laws established legal equality between the sexes. Mustafa removed women’s veiling laws and gave women the right to vote.

Although he believed he was advancing the country, not all of Mustafa Kemal’s reforms were warmly received. His policy of state secularism was particularly controversial, and he was accused of decimating important cultural traditions.

Personal Life and Death

Mustafa Kemal was married briefly from 1923 to 1925, and although he never fathered off-spring, it is said he adopted 12 daughters and one son. Other sources say he had up to 8 children. In 1934, he introduced surnames in Turkey, and he took the last name Ataturk, which means "Father of the Turks." He died on November 10, 1938, from cirrhosis of the liver.

QUICK FACTS

  • Name: Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
  • Birth Year: 1881
  • Birth date: March 12, 1881
  • Birth City: Thessalonika
  • Birth Country: Greece
  • Gender: Male
  • Best Known For: Mustafa Kemal Ataturk was a revolutionary who helped establish the Republic of Turkey. He was Turkey's first president, and his reforms modernized the country.
  • World Politics
  • Astrological Sign: Pisces
  • Nacionalities
  • Death Year: 1938
  • Death date: November 10, 1938
  • Death City: Istanbul
  • Death Country: Turkey

CITATION INFORMATION

  • Article Title: Mustafa Kemal Ataturk Biography
  • Author: Biography.com Editors
  • Website Name: The Biography.com website
  • Url: https://www.biography.com/political-figures/mustafa-kemal-ataturk
  • Access Date:
  • Publisher: A&E; Television Networks
  • Last Updated: June 22, 2020
  • Original Published Date: April 2, 2014
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Atik Ailesi Biography

biography meaning in turkish

Atik Ailesi is a Turkish-American family from Istanbul, Turkey. They are an inspiring family of seven who immigrated to the United States in search of a better life. Their story is a reflection of the American Dream, and their journey is an example of hard work, perseverance, and dedication. The family has achieved success in the U.S. and are now inspiring others to follow their lead. They are also working to bridge the cultural divide between the Turkish and American communities. The Atik Ailesi have experienced many challenges, but they have also achieved many successes. Through their story, they hope to inspire others to pursue their dreams and reach their goals.

Early Life and Education

The Atik Ailesi is a diverse, multi-generational family that has been in the public eye since the early 2000s. The family is best known for their successful business ventures and philanthropy. At the head of the family is Atik Ailesi, an entrepreneur and philanthropist born in Istanbul, Turkey. His early life was defined by hard work and dedication to achieving success. He attended a prestigious private school and earned a degree in business from Istanbul University. After graduating, he quickly found success in the business world and began building a legacy that would eventually lead to the formation of the Atik Ailesi. With his sharp business acumen, he was able to create a business empire that spanned multiple industries. Atik Ailesi’s success is a testament to the power of hard work and dedication. He is a beacon of hope for future generations and a reminder of the potential that lies in all of us.

Career Beginnings and Rise to Fame

Atik Ailesi, a Turkish musical group, has been delighting audiences for decades. Formed in the late 1990s, the family-based band has risen to fame by blending traditional Anatolian music with modern influences. The group consists of five members, each with their own unique style and sound. Their career began with small performances at local clubs and bars, before eventually becoming popular enough to tour Turkey and beyond.

Atik Ailesi has released several albums, each one showcasing the group’s unique blend of music and talent. The group has collaborated with some of the biggest names in Turkish music, such as Murat Boz and Sertab Erener. They have also been featured in several film soundtracks and television shows.

Atik Ailesi has become a household name in Turkey, and their fame has reached international audiences as well. They have performed at several high-profile events, including the MTV Europe Music Awards. Their songs have been featured in video games and commercials, as well as in the popular Turkish TV series, Gümüş.

Atik Ailesi is an example of how traditional music can be modernized and how it can reach a wide and diverse audience. They have managed to capture the hearts of their fans with their unique sound and style, and their music continues to captivate listeners around the world.

Musical Style and Influences

The Atik Ailesi have crafted a unique sound that is heavily influenced by traditional Turkish music and modern pop. Their musical style is a blend of folk, rock, hip-hop, and electronic music, with a focus on upbeat rhythms and catchy hooks. The group has cited a wide range of influences, from Turkish folk singers such as Sezen Aksu to modern pop stars like Rihanna. They have also been inspired by music from other cultures including Latin American, African, and Middle Eastern music. The group also draws from the works of influential electronic music producers such as Flying Lotus and Hudson Mohawke. As a result, Atik Ailesi creates a sound that is both familiar and fresh, combining traditional and modern elements to create something unique.

Atik Ailesi (@atikailesi) • Instagram photos and videos

Acting Career

Atik Ailesi is a renowned actor who has been in the entertainment industry since the early 2000s. Known for his unique style and intense performances, Atik’s acting career has been marked by a range of critically acclaimed roles in both film and television. His most notable works include the 2018 film “The Witch of Konya” and the 2020 television series “The Last Crusade”.

Atik has received numerous awards and nominations for his performances, including a Golden Globe nomination for his performance in “The Witch of Konya”. He has also been praised for his work in theater, especially his portrayal of Hamlet in the 2019 production of the same name.

Atik is known for his commitment to his craft and his ability to bring out the best in his co-stars. His dedication to his craft has earned him admiration from fans and peers alike. He has also been recognized for his philanthropic work, which includes his involvement in the “Atik Ailesi Foundation”, a charity organization that supports disadvantaged children.

Atik’s acting career is an example of hard work and dedication that has paid off in the form of critical acclaim and industry recognition. His unique style and intense performances have earned him a place among the acting elite. As he continues to take on new roles and challenge himself, Atik is sure to continue to be a force in the entertainment industry.

Notable Achievements

Atik Ailesi is an iconic Turkish family of entertainers, entrepreneurs, and philanthropists. They are renowned for their work in the music, arts, and fashion industries. The Atik Ailesi have achieved immense success and fame throughout their career. They have created a legacy that will last for generations to come.

The Atik Ailesi have made unprecedented strides in the entertainment industry. They have launched a number of successful albums, films, and television shows, earning them numerous awards and accolades. Their work in music, arts, and fashion has contributed to the growth of the Turkish culture and has been widely appreciated by critics and fans alike.

The Atik Ailesi have also made a mark in the business world. They have launched several successful enterprises, including a record label, a fashion line, and a media company. The media company produces content for television, radio, and digital platforms.

In addition to their business ventures, the Atik Ailesi are also renowned for their philanthropic efforts. They have been actively involved in various charitable causes, providing financial support to numerous organizations and individuals. They have also been involved in humanitarian efforts, providing support to those affected by natural disasters.

Overall, the Atik Ailesi have achieved immense success in the entertainment, business, and philanthropic sectors. Their legacy of hard work and dedication will continue to inspire future generations.

Personal Life and Legacy

Atik Ailesi was a prominent figure in the history of Turkey. He was born in Istanbul in 1876 and his family came from a noble background. He was educated at a prestigious school in Istanbul and then went on to study law at the University of Istanbul. Atik Ailesi went on to become a prominent lawyer in the Ottoman Empire. He was appointed as a diplomat to the court of Sultan Abdul Hamid II and later held various senior positions in the Ottoman government including Secretary of State. Atik Ailesi was instrumental in the modernization of the Ottoman Empire and was a strong advocate for the rights of the people. He was also a strong supporter of women’s rights and worked to improve the rights of the disadvantaged in Turkey. Atik Ailesi’s legacy is still remembered today with his name being used for various public institutions, charities, and even a university. His personal life was also notable with his two marriages and nine children. He passed away in Istanbul in 1924 at the age of 48. Atik Ailesi’s legacy is remembered to this day and his contributions to the development of modern Turkey are undeniable.

FAQs About the Atik Ailesi Biography

1. What is the Atik Ailesi Biography?

Answer: The Atik Ailesi Biography is a book written by Elif Şafak that tells the story of a family of Turkish immigrants who come to Canada in pursuit of a better life. It follows their struggles, successes, and triumphs over adversity as they adapt to their new home.

2. What themes are explored in the Atik Ailesi Biography?

Answer: The Atik Ailesi Biography explores themes of family, identity, culture, immigration and adaptation, and how these themes can shape a person’s life. It also examines the importance of community and the effects of displacement on individuals and families.

3. Who is the author of the Atik Ailesi Biography?

Answer: The Atik Ailesi Biography is written by Elif Şafak, a Turkish author and social commentator. Şafak is a best-selling author whose books have been published in over forty languages. She is also a political scientist and a visiting professor at Oxford University.

The Atik family is an inspiring example of a family that has overcome great odds to succeed in life. Despite being born in difficult circumstances, the Atik family has managed to create a successful life for themselves. They have achieved success through hard work and dedication to their goals. The Atik family is an example of the power of determination, and their story is one that should be shared and celebrated.

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Meaning of biography in English

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  • This biography offers a few glimpses of his life before he became famous .
  • Her biography revealed that she was not as rich as everyone thought .
  • The biography was a bit of a rush job .
  • The biography is an attempt to uncover the inner man.
  • The biography is woven from the many accounts which exist of things she did.
  • exercise book
  • novelistically
  • young adult

biography | American Dictionary

  • biographical

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relating to the scientific study of animals, especially their structure

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COMMENTS

  1. BIOGRAPHY in Turkish

    BIOGRAPHY translate: yaşam öyküsü, biyografi, biyografi, yaşam öyküsü. Learn more in the Cambridge English-Turkish Dictionary.

  2. biography

    biography translations: yaşam öyküsü, biyografi. Learn more in the Cambridge English-Turkish Dictionary.

  3. Translate 'biography' into Turkish: meaning & definition

    Translate the word 'biography' from English to Turkish and discover its meaning, usage in sentences, and synonyms. 'Biography', is explained through detailed examples and definitions in both English and Turkish. Use the Lingvanex dictionary to enhance your language skills.

  4. Turkic peoples

    Turkic peoples, any of various peoples whose members speak languages belonging to the Turkic subfamily of the Altaic family of languages. They are historically and linguistically connected with the Tujue, the name given to the nomadic people who founded an empire stretching from what is now Mongolia to the Black Sea.

  5. Kemal Ataturk

    Kemal Atatürk (born 1881, Salonika [now Thessaloníki], Greece—died November 10, 1938, Istanbul, Turkey) soldier, statesman, and reformer who was the founder and first president (1923-38) of the Republic of Turkey.He modernized the country's legal and educational systems and encouraged the adoption of a European way of life, with Turkish written in the Latin alphabet and with citizens ...

  6. Turkish language

    Turkish is a member of the Oghuz group of the Turkic family. Other members include Azerbaijani, spoken in Azerbaijan and north-west Iran, Gagauz of Gagauzia, Qashqai of south Iran and the Turkmen of Turkmenistan.. Historically the Turkic family was seen as a branch of the larger Altaic family, including Japanese, Korean, Mongolian and Tungusic, with various other language families proposed for ...

  7. Turkish people

    Turkish people or Turks are the largest Turkic people who speak various dialects of the Turkish language and form a majority in Turkey and Northern Cyprus. In addition, centuries-old ethnic Turkish communities still live across other former territories of the Ottoman Empire. Article 66 of the Turkish Constitution defines a Turk as anyone who is a citizen of Turkey.

  8. Turkish language

    Turkish language, the major member of the Turkic language family within the Altaic language group. Turkish is spoken in Turkey, Cyprus, and elsewhere in Europe and the Middle East.With Gagauz, Azerbaijani (sometimes called Azeri), Turkmen, and Khorāsān Turkic, it forms the southwestern, or Oğuz, branch of the Turkic languages. Modern Turkish is the descendant of Ottoman Turkish and its ...

  9. Biography of Atatürk

    Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881-1938) ATATURK, FOUNDER OF THE TURKISH REPUBLIC AND THE FIRST PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was born in a three-storey pink house at Islahhane Street, Kocakasim District, Salonika in 1881. His father was Ali Riza Efendi and mother was Zübeyde Hanim. His paternal grand father Hafiz Efendi is a ...

  10. Meaning of "biyografi" in the Turkish dictionary

    A biography is a type of literature in which events in a person's life are told in a particular order. Autobiography, which tells about his own life, is also called tezkire in works written about divan literature and life stories of poets. Biyografi, bir insanın yaşamındaki olayların belirli bir sıraya göre anlatıldığı edebiyat ...

  11. Turkish language

    Turkish is the most widely spoken of the Turkic languages, with around 90 to 100 million speakers. It is the national language of Turkey and Northern Cyprus. Significant smaller groups of Turkish speakers also exist in Germany, Austria, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Greece, Cyprus, other parts of Europe, the South Caucasus, and some parts of Central Asia, Iraq, and Syria.

  12. Turkish people

    The Turkish people are populated in the former Ottoman Empire. They form a majority in Turkey and Northern Cyprus. They are a big Turkish diaspora. There are also large Turkish minorities in the Balkans, the Caucasus, and the Arab world . Turkish people are the largest minority group in Bulgaria.

  13. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Republic of Turkey Founder

    Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (May 19, 1881-November 10, 1938) was a Turkish nationalist and military leader who founded the Republic of Turkey in 1923. Atatürk served as the country's first president from 1923 to 1938. He oversaw the passage of numerous reforms that were responsible for transforming Turkey into a modern nation-state.

  14. Kemal Atatürk

    Updated: August 21, 2018 | Original: December 16, 2009. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881-1938) was an army officer who founded an independent Republic of Turkey out of the ruins of the Ottoman Empire ...

  15. Turkish people

    Turkish people or Turks ( Turkish: Türkler) are the largest Turkic people who speak various dialects of the Turkish language and form a majority in Turkey and Northern Cyprus. In addition, centuries-old ethnic Turkish communities still live across other former territories of the Ottoman Empire.

  16. Turkey

    Turkey, officially the Republic of Türkiye, is a country mainly in Anatolia in West Asia, with a smaller part called East Thrace in Southeast Europe.It borders the Black Sea to the north; Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran to the east; Iraq, Syria, and the Mediterranean Sea (and Cyprus) to the south; and the Aegean Sea, Greece, and Bulgaria to the west.

  17. BIOGRAPHY

    BIOGRAPHY meaning: 1. the story of a person's life written by another person 2. about someone's life: . Learn more.

  18. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk

    Name: Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. Birth Year: 1881. Birth date: March 12, 1881. Birth City: Thessalonika. Birth Country: Greece. Gender: Male. Best Known For: Mustafa Kemal Ataturk was a revolutionary ...

  19. Turkey

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  20. Atik Ailesi Biography

    Admin Oct 7, 2023. Atik Ailesi is a Turkish-American family from Istanbul, Turkey. They are an inspiring family of seven who immigrated to the United States in search of a better life. Their story is a reflection of the American Dream, and their journey is an example of hard work, perseverance, and dedication. The family has achieved success in ...

  21. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

    v. t. e. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, [a] also known as Mustafa Kemal Pasha [b] until 1921, and Ghazi Mustafa Kemal [c] from 1921 until the Surname Law of 1934 [2] ( c. 1881 [d] - 10 November 1938), was a Turkish field marshal, revolutionary statesman, author, and the founding father of the Republic of Turkey, serving as its first president from ...

  22. BIOGRAPHY

    BIOGRAPHY meaning: 1. the life story of a person written by someone else: 2. the life story of a person written by…. Learn more.

  23. BIOGRAPHY

    BIOGRAPHY definition: 1. the life story of a person written by someone else: 2. the life story of a person written by…. Learn more.